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Brief Summary of the Vietnam War

Published in: News & Politics
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  1. 1. The Vietnam War Matthew Piontek
  2. 2. Vietnam <ul><li>Became independent from China in 938 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Colonized by France mid-19 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Expelled from France mid-20 th century due to efforts to resist the French </li></ul>
  3. 3. Vietnam Pre--Vietnam--War <ul><li>Ho Chi Minh, declared the independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945 paraprahasing the USA’s Declaration of Independence </li></ul><ul><li>First Indochina War took place between 1946 and 1954, between France and Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Dien Bien Phu marked the end of French inhabitance in Indochina, circa 1954 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Transition Period <ul><li>Even after France’s departure, fighting never really stopped. </li></ul><ul><li>North Vietnam (DRV) was under communist rule while </li></ul><ul><li>South Vietnam (Republic of Vietnam) was supposedly under democratic rule </li></ul>
  5. 5. War <ul><li>Cold-war military conflict that last from 1955 to The Fall of Saigon on April 30 th 1975 </li></ul><ul><li>Fought between North Vietnam, who was supported by communist allies, and South Vietnam, supported by anti-communist allies, i.e. USA. </li></ul><ul><li>Capture of Saigon by the People’s Army of Vietnam and the National Liberation Front marked the transition to a communist state. </li></ul>
  6. 6. War cont. <ul><li>Criticism of the war spread, as more people began to protest the war in the US </li></ul><ul><li>Hippies, students, and even normal people began to voice their disapproval with the war </li></ul><ul><li>United States involvement ended August 15, 1973 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Facts <ul><li>2/3 of the Vietnamese men who served in Vietnam were volunteers, as compared to 2/3 of the men who were drafted in World War II </li></ul><ul><li>91% of the Vietnamese veterans are glad they served </li></ul><ul><li>The myth that the average age of soldiers in Vietnam was 19 is false, it’s around 23 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Facts cont. <ul><li>The average infantryman served 240 days in combat, compared to 40 during WWII. </li></ul><ul><li>America did not lose the war in Vietnam, as the military did not have any consequences. </li></ul><ul><li>It is likely that the United States drop from the war prevented nuclear war with either China or Russia. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Vietnam Postwar <ul><li>Finally in 1976 North and South Vietnam were unified under a communist government. </li></ul><ul><li>Saigon was renamed Ho Chi Minh City. </li></ul><ul><li>Millions fled the country. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Vietnam Postwar <ul><li>An economic crash was caused by collectivization of the farms, resulting in triple-digit inflation. </li></ul><ul><li>Reconstruction was incredibly slow, causing multiple economic and humanitarian problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam invaded Cambodia in 1978, worsening relations with China, causing them to rely more on Russia. </li></ul>