The united states government versus paramount studios
The United States Government versus Paramount StudiosThe Paramount DecreeThe Paramount decision was a supreme court ruling in 1948 against the majorfilm studios in Hollywood famously known as the big 5,which were the mainfully integrated film studios between 1920s-1948. These studios were Fox,Loews incorporated, Paramount Pictures, RKO and Warner Brothers. The casewas challenged and won by independent film producers and distributors. Thecourt ruled the elimination of block-booking and blind buying. Block-bookinginvolved the major studios selling only A movies with a pool of other films inwhich they included many B movies and shorts that were likely to be lesssuccessful, and consequently gaining a vast profit. Many of the films wereunseen and caused independent studios to purchase films by blind-buying.Fundamentally prior to 1948 the main film companies referred to as the big 5controlled the film industry by means of what known as the studio system inwhich the film companies controlled every aspect of film production anddistribution by controlling production on their own lots, distribution to their ownfirst-run theaters and exhibition through other independent theaters, but stillregained control by distributing these films only by block-booking and blindbuying. Essentially the court ruling against this form of monopolization in 1948,known as the Paramount decision hailed the end of the studio system that hadexisted since the 1920s.