Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Presentation to BEAD on SMARTWork

372 views

Published on

A presentation on the SMARTWork HIV/AIDS in the workplace program to the Business Exchange on AIDS & Development Group, May 2005

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Presentation to BEAD on SMARTWork

  1. 1. It Works – SMARTWork’s Lessons of Engagement with Business, Labor and Government in 6 Countries BEAD - May 25, 2005 De Beers, London Matthew Roberts, Ph.D. SMARTWork Project Director Academy for Educational Development 1825 Connecticut Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20009 USA Tel. 202/884-8646 Fax. 202/884-8474 Email. mroberts@aed.org
  2. 2. AED’s Center on AIDS & Community Health Project Sites
  3. 3. AED Overview <ul><li>105,000,000 people served </li></ul><ul><li>1,400 staff 167 countries 44 years </li></ul><ul><li>AED: Connecting People > Creating Change </li></ul><ul><li>Mission: Founded in 1961, AED is an independent, nonprofit organization committed to solving critical social problems and building the capacity of individuals, communities, and institutions to become more self-sufficient. </li></ul><ul><li>AED works in all major areas of human development, with a focus on improving education, health, and economic opportunities for the least advantaged in the United States and developing countries throughout the world. </li></ul><ul><li>SMARTWork is just one of AED’s 4,300+ programs </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is SMARTWork? <ul><li>SMARTWork offers businesses, labor groups, NGOs, and governments assistance to establish effective workplace HIV/AIDS programs and policies </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. Dept. of Labor providing US$ 9m for 2001 – 2005(?) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In DR, Haiti, Nigeria, Ukraine, Vietnam and Zimbabwe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>“ ..before we didn’t understand the magnitude of the problem and the need, SMARTWork brought this understanding and awareness and is helping us learn what to do with this awareness & about this problem…” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Nigeria Mid-term Evaluation Interviewee </li></ul>
  5. 5. Global Impact: Adults & Children Estimated to be Living with HIV as of end 2003 Total: 37.8 (34.6 – 42.3) million (Source: UNAIDS 2004 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic) Western Europe 580 000 [460 000 – 730 000] North Africa & Middle East 480 000 [200 000 – 1.4 million] Sub-Saharan Africa 25.0 million [23.1 – 27.9 million] Eastern Europe & Central Asia 1.3 million [860 000 – 1.9 million] South & South-East Asia 6.5 million [4.1 – 9.6 million] Oceania 32 000 [21 000 – 46 000] North America 1.0 million [520 000 – 1.6 million] Caribbean 430 000 [270 000 – 760 000] Latin America 1.6 million [1.2 – 2.1 million] East Asia 900 000 [450 000 – 1.5 million]
  6. 6. Where, with whom, and what do we do? <ul><li>We’ve trained more than 6,000 people </li></ul><ul><li>At the national, cross-organizational, and enterprise levels </li></ul><ul><li>With managers, labor representatives, government officials, business and labor union leaders, PLWHAs, workers, and others. </li></ul><ul><li>We help create, clarify, improve, and coordinate Roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business’ Role: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provide employees routinely with accurate Information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Establish in-company Programs that directly provide and/or encourage referral to HIV-related services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Implement Policies that protect HIV+ employees from the effects of stigma & discrimination </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Roles Continued <ul><li>Labor’s Role: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocate for business investment in prevention and care programs, while also taking responsibility for their own investments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiate Programs that build support and acceptance among workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negotiate Policies and Contracts that protect against discrimination </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Government’s Role: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create Laws and regulatory policies that prevent discrimination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish Infrastructure and regulatory environment that fosters access to services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthen the Capacity of officials and others to promote, monitor and enforce sound employer/labor practices </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. How does SMARTWork Work? Basic Components <ul><li>Conduct Organizational Needs Assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Lead Presentations that motivate businesses to respond </li></ul><ul><li>Provide Tools to assist program and policy development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A Workplace Guide for Managers and Labor Leaders: HIV/AIDS Policies and Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IEC/BCC Materials </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. (Some more) SMARTWork Components <ul><li>Conduct Management & Labor Leader Workshops on workplace program & policy development </li></ul><ul><li>Provide Training and direct TA to develop in-country and in-company experts, including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning Committees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tripartite Advisory Boards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human resource, medical, and other staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Company and union trainers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Labor inspectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer educators </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Successes: SMARTWork’s Performance by the Numbers (as of May 2005) <ul><li>Description Target to Achieve by 9/18/05 Achieved % </li></ul><ul><li>Enterprises establish planning committees 94 88 93% </li></ul><ul><li>Targeted employers adopt policies 94 75 80% </li></ul><ul><li>Employers adopt programs 94 83 89% </li></ul><ul><li>Management & Labor Leader Workshops 54 62 115% </li></ul><ul><li>Presentations 100 123 123% </li></ul><ul><li>IEC/BCC materials distributed 57,382 </li></ul><ul><li>Persons Trained 6,631 </li></ul><ul><li>Number of employees in targeted enterprises 1,144,935 </li></ul>
  11. 11. #1 Lessons of Success <ul><li>At the National Level: Business, Labor, and Government Initiatives Work </li></ul><ul><li>_______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>At the Enterprise Level: Business and Labor Initiatives Work </li></ul>
  12. 12. SMARTWork’ing Initiatives and Lessons <ul><li>In Ukraine we’ve working with 16+ organizations, including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unions: Seafarers & Railway 1,000,000+ workers - collective bargaining language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Businesses: Plant Modul – their model program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government: Ministry of Labor & Social Productivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>State Dept. of Labor Law Inspection </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Preparing a Manual and training Labor Inspectors on best practices and regulatory requirements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Lessons : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Importance of Needs Assessments and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economics isn’t everything…appeal to children’s future </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can leverage a small staff with strategic targets (CBA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can teach an “old dog” new tricks and the value of model companies </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. SMARTWork’ing in Nigeria <ul><li>Working with 15 companies (incl. Sheraton, Hilton, Statoil, Cadbury, Nigerian Breweries, & CFAO), the government (MLSP) and unions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conducted Management & Labor Leader Workshops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One of our best examples of the Bipartite strategy at work </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helped form HIV/AIDS Planning Committees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8 companies have adopted policies and 13 initiated programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TA and Advocacy - the new National Workplace Policy on HIV/AIDS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lessons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ad hoc activities & comprehensive programs aren’t the same thing… (Cadbury) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiplier effects of company workplace programs and peer educators can be impressive (CFAO) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managers are peer educators too (Sheraton Lagos/Abuja) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. SMARTWork’ing in Vietnam <ul><li>In Vietnam, working closely with MOLISA/DSEP, VCCI, VCTU, 05 & 06 Centers, and 25+ companies </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons: </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam best example of successful tripartite strategy (whose training) </li></ul><ul><li>No certainty whether you need to work top-down, bottom-up, or somewhere in-between to achieve good programs and policies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multinational headquarters' may be the initiators (Adidas) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>But policies and programs do not ensure field operations know what to do or how to do it (GBC member) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Field operations may lead, establishing policies & programs largely independently. Sometimes are global templates (Nigeria/Statoil) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes field to field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colgate Palmolive Vietnam  Dominican Republic </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. What can Employers, Labor Leaders and Government Officials do? <ul><li>Commit to joint action </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt and implement HIV/AIDS policies that protect workers’ rights and employer interests </li></ul><ul><li>Establish prevention, care, and support programs consistent with worker needs and employer capacity and interests </li></ul><ul><li>Put language into collective bargaining agreements to protect worker rights and specify access to HIV/AIDS services </li></ul><ul><li>Allocate appropriate resources for HIV/AIDS prevention, support, and care </li></ul>
  16. 16. Where SMARTWork would like to go in the Future <ul><li>Expand our program to additional companies and countries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Especially where AED has a strong presence (ex. Botswana, Ghana, Zambia) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diversify our sources of support </li></ul><ul><li>Develop global corporate strategies and programs with MNCs </li></ul><ul><li>www.smartwork.org </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
  17. 17. Appendix 1 Recommended Elements of a Workplace HIV/AIDS Policy <ul><li>Should be formulated around the principles of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-discrimination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confidentiality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical Accuracy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>People with HIV/AIDS are entitled to the same rights, benefits, and opportunities as people with other serious or life-threatening illnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Employers should not require HIV screening as part of pre-employment or general workplace examinations </li></ul><ul><li>Employers have a duty to protect the confidentiality of employees’ medical information </li></ul><ul><li>If fitness to work is impaired by HIV-related illness, reasonable alternative working arrangements should be made, to the mutual benefit of company and employee </li></ul>
  18. 18. Appendix 2 Key Elements of a Workplace HIV/AIDS Program <ul><li>Having a widely communicated, properly implemented, equitable HIV/AIDS policy that counters stigma and discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing formal & informal education on HIV/AIDS for all staff, particularly via peer educators </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of condoms to employees and their partners </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosis, treatment and management of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) for employees and their partners </li></ul><ul><li>Where appropriate, voluntary, confidential HIV/AIDS testing and pre- and post-test counseling (VCT) </li></ul><ul><li>Care and support services for employees and their families </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment of opportunistic infections (OIs) </li></ul><ul><li>Possibility of providing ARVs where feasible </li></ul>

×