SOL Review WWI and New Deal
People
Bull Moose Party <ul><li>Name taken by the Progressive Party </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Theodore Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><li...
William Jennings Bryan <ul><li>3 time presidential candidate, lost all 3 times </li></ul><ul><li>Leader of the Populist Pa...
Flappers <ul><li>Stereotype of the “new” woman of the 1920s Jazz Age </li></ul><ul><li>Slim, bobbed hair, short skirt, mak...
Hobos <ul><li>Nickname for the homeless men of the Great Depression who often traveled the trains illegally, criss-crossin...
Langston Hughes <ul><li>Leading poet and writer during the Harlem Renaissance </li></ul>
Ku Klux Klan <ul><li>Secret society organized by whites after the Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Organized by Nathan Bedford ...
John Lewis <ul><li>Leader of the United Mine Workers Union </li></ul>
Okies <ul><li>Nickname for farmers who migrated west to California because of the dust bowl conditions during the Great De...
Eleanor Roosevelt <ul><li>First lady of the United States when FDR was in office </li></ul><ul><li>Niece of TR </li></ul><...
Franklin D. Roosevelt <ul><li>32nd President, 1932-1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Only president elected to a 3rd and 4th term </l...
Woodrow Wilson <ul><li>President from 1912-1920 </li></ul><ul><li>Last progressive president </li></ul><ul><li>Defeated Te...
Time Periods
Dust Bowl <ul><li>Nickname for terrible weather conditions for farmers in the Mid-West during the 1930s and Depression </l...
First Hundred Days <ul><li>Refers to FDR’s first 100 days as President creating the New Deal </li></ul><ul><li>Most produc...
Great Depression <ul><li>Began with the Stock Market crash, Oct. 1929 </li></ul><ul><li>Made worse by bank failures, unemp...
Harlem Renaissance <ul><li>1920s  </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of African-American culture </li></ul><ul><li>Art, literature, ...
isolationism <ul><li>Term for US withdrawal from international scene after WW1 </li></ul><ul><li>Ends when US enters WW2 <...
Jazz Age <ul><li>1920s </li></ul><ul><li>Prosperity, fun, dance, sport </li></ul><ul><li>Cars </li></ul><ul><li>Greater op...
New Deal <ul><li>FDR’s domestic plan to help lift America out of the Great Depression in the mid 1930’s </li></ul><ul><li>...
Prohibition <ul><li>A movement begun in the 1800s to ban alcohol in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Became law with th...
Roaring 20’s <ul><li>Nickname given to the decade of the 1920s due to the new, energized life of the 20s and new found fre...
Events
Free Silver <ul><li>Populist Party platform </li></ul><ul><li>Base US money on silver, instead of gold, to help farmers </...
New Freedom <ul><li>The name for Woodrow Wilson’s Progressive domestic agenda when he was elected in 1912. </li></ul>
World War One, 1914 - 1918 <ul><li>Causes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nationalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Militarism </li></...
Lusitania <ul><li>British ship sunk by a German submarine during WW1 </li></ul><ul><li>1200 died, 128 US died </li></ul><u...
Zimmerman Telegram <ul><li>A letter sent from Germany intended for Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Intercepted by the British and...
Fourteen Points <ul><li>President Woodrow Wilson’s plan for world peace after WWI </li></ul><ul><li>Created the League of ...
Treaty of Versailles <ul><li>The treaty that ended World War One </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson hoped to go easy on Germany, Eur...
League of Nations <ul><li>Created by Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points </li></ul><ul><li>US never joined </li></ul><ul><li>Create...
Women’s Suffrage <ul><li>The movement to give women the right to vote </li></ul><ul><li>Official with the 19th amendment <...
1919-1920 Steel Strike <ul><li>One of many strikes during the 1920s where labor and management could not come up with a co...
Sacco and Venzetti <ul><li>1920s “Trial of the Century </li></ul><ul><li>Sacco and Venzetti were Italian anarchists which ...
Palmer Raids <ul><li>Government crackdown on suspected anarchists and communists during the 1920s </li></ul><ul><li>Led by...
Red Scare <ul><li>1920s version of the fear of communism in the USA </li></ul><ul><li>Also associated with anarchy </li></...
Scopes Monkey Trial <ul><li>1920’s “Trial of the Century” </li></ul><ul><li>Pitted the Bible (creationism) vs. science (ev...
Business Cycle <ul><li>A term used in economics that describes the natural ups and downs of business </li></ul><ul><li>Usu...
Buying on Margin <ul><li>When people bought stocks by only paying 10% of the real value and borrowing the rest </li></ul><...
“Black Tuesday” <ul><li>Oct. 29, 1929 </li></ul><ul><li>Date of the Stock Market Crash </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning date of...
Smoot-Hawley Tariff <ul><li>A tariff (tax) created in 1930 that ended up causing more economic hardships on post WW1 Europ...
Bonus Army <ul><li>WWI veterans marched on Washington in 1932 demanding their WWI bonus promised to them early because of ...
Hoovervilles <ul><li>Nickname for homeless camps in the United States during the Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Herbert Hoov...
Bread lines/Soup Kitchens <ul><li>Charity work during the Great Depression giving free food for the unemployed </li></ul>
Social Security <ul><li>New Deal program under FDR </li></ul><ul><li>Gave a monthly salary to people over 64 </li></ul><ul...
New Deal Programs <ul><li>Agricultural Adjustment Act: paid farmers not to grow crops </li></ul><ul><li>Tennessee Valley A...
“Court Packing” <ul><li>FDR plan to increase the size of the Supreme Court when the Court struck down much of his New Deal...
Welfare <ul><li>Government assistance to the poor for food and housing </li></ul>
Deficit Spending <ul><li>An action taken on by the government that sometimes helps the economy grow </li></ul><ul><li>It’s...
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WWI and New Deal

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WWI and New Deal

  1. 1. SOL Review WWI and New Deal
  2. 2. People
  3. 3. Bull Moose Party <ul><li>Name taken by the Progressive Party </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Theodore Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><li>Important in the 1912 election against Taft and Woodrow Wilson </li></ul><ul><li>Bull Moose Party came in second </li></ul>
  4. 4. William Jennings Bryan <ul><li>3 time presidential candidate, lost all 3 times </li></ul><ul><li>Leader of the Populist Party </li></ul><ul><li>Gave the “Cross of Gold” speech to promote silver use </li></ul><ul><li>Prosecutor in the “Scopes Monkey Trial” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Flappers <ul><li>Stereotype of the “new” woman of the 1920s Jazz Age </li></ul><ul><li>Slim, bobbed hair, short skirt, make up and smokes </li></ul>
  6. 6. Hobos <ul><li>Nickname for the homeless men of the Great Depression who often traveled the trains illegally, criss-crossing the country looking for work </li></ul>
  7. 7. Langston Hughes <ul><li>Leading poet and writer during the Harlem Renaissance </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ku Klux Klan <ul><li>Secret society organized by whites after the Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Organized by Nathan Bedford Forrest </li></ul><ul><li>Used violence against Blacks, carpetbaggers </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Jew and anti-Catholic </li></ul>
  9. 9. John Lewis <ul><li>Leader of the United Mine Workers Union </li></ul>
  10. 10. Okies <ul><li>Nickname for farmers who migrated west to California because of the dust bowl conditions during the Great Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Fictionalized in John Steinbeck’s novel, The Grapes of Wrath </li></ul>
  11. 11. Eleanor Roosevelt <ul><li>First lady of the United States when FDR was in office </li></ul><ul><li>Niece of TR </li></ul><ul><li>Was the social conscience of FDR’s White House </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women’s Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human Rights </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Franklin D. Roosevelt <ul><li>32nd President, 1932-1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Only president elected to a 3rd and 4th term </li></ul><ul><li>New Deal Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tennessee Valley Authority </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WW2 </li></ul><ul><li>Democrat </li></ul>
  13. 13. Woodrow Wilson <ul><li>President from 1912-1920 </li></ul><ul><li>Last progressive president </li></ul><ul><li>Defeated Teddy Roosevelt in the 1912 election </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic policy called New Freedom </li></ul>
  14. 14. Time Periods
  15. 15. Dust Bowl <ul><li>Nickname for terrible weather conditions for farmers in the Mid-West during the 1930s and Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Caused by over-farming during the boom years of WWI </li></ul><ul><li>“ Okies” left for California </li></ul><ul><li>Grapes of Wrath </li></ul>
  16. 16. First Hundred Days <ul><li>Refers to FDR’s first 100 days as President creating the New Deal </li></ul><ul><li>Most productive congressional session in history </li></ul>
  17. 17. Great Depression <ul><li>Began with the Stock Market crash, Oct. 1929 </li></ul><ul><li>Made worse by bank failures, unemployment, and farm failures </li></ul><ul><li>FDR creates the New Deal to end the Depression </li></ul><ul><li>WW2 ends the depression by 1943 </li></ul>
  18. 18. Harlem Renaissance <ul><li>1920s </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of African-American culture </li></ul><ul><li>Art, literature, song </li></ul><ul><li>Jazz Age </li></ul>
  19. 19. isolationism <ul><li>Term for US withdrawal from international scene after WW1 </li></ul><ul><li>Ends when US enters WW2 </li></ul>
  20. 20. Jazz Age <ul><li>1920s </li></ul><ul><li>Prosperity, fun, dance, sport </li></ul><ul><li>Cars </li></ul><ul><li>Greater opportunities for women </li></ul>
  21. 21. New Deal <ul><li>FDR’s domestic plan to help lift America out of the Great Depression in the mid 1930’s </li></ul><ul><li>Broken into the First New Deal and the Second New Deal, both which were broad programs regulating business and industry, providing employment through public work programs, and aiding farmers. </li></ul><ul><li>Permanently changed the role of government in American Society. </li></ul><ul><li>First New Deal was broader in scope but not as ambitious in government spending. </li></ul><ul><li>Second New Deal was more Liberal and included more government spending. </li></ul><ul><li>After the Supreme Court struck down key parts of the First New Deal, Roosevelt tried to pass his “Court Packing” plan. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Prohibition <ul><li>A movement begun in the 1800s to ban alcohol in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Became law with the 18th Amendment in 1920 and then repealed in 1933 with the 21st amendment </li></ul><ul><li>Generally seen as a failure for two reasons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enforcement was impossible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gangsters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>However, drinking was reduced </li></ul>
  23. 23. Roaring 20’s <ul><li>Nickname given to the decade of the 1920s due to the new, energized life of the 20s and new found freedoms found, especially with teenagers and women </li></ul>
  24. 24. Events
  25. 25. Free Silver <ul><li>Populist Party platform </li></ul><ul><li>Base US money on silver, instead of gold, to help farmers </li></ul><ul><li>William Jennings Bryan’s Cross of Gold Speech is famous for promoting Free Silver </li></ul>
  26. 26. New Freedom <ul><li>The name for Woodrow Wilson’s Progressive domestic agenda when he was elected in 1912. </li></ul>
  27. 27. World War One, 1914 - 1918 <ul><li>Causes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nationalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Militarism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imperialism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alliance Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand </li></ul></ul><ul><li>US gets involved in 1917 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany kept sinking US ships that were supposed to be neutral </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A stalemate war until US involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Begins US involvement in European affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Woodrow Wilson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>14 Points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>League of Nations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>US returns to isolationism somewhat after WWI until WWII </li></ul>
  28. 28. Lusitania <ul><li>British ship sunk by a German submarine during WW1 </li></ul><ul><li>1200 died, 128 US died </li></ul><ul><li>Almost brought the US into WW1, but it didn’t </li></ul>
  29. 29. Zimmerman Telegram <ul><li>A letter sent from Germany intended for Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Intercepted by the British and given to the US </li></ul><ul><li>Germany proposed an alliance with Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>If Germany won WWI with US involvement, Mexico could receive all lands lost to the US in the Mexican-American War </li></ul>
  30. 30. Fourteen Points <ul><li>President Woodrow Wilson’s plan for world peace after WWI </li></ul><ul><li>Created the League of Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the points failed in Europe and in the US Senate </li></ul>
  31. 31. Treaty of Versailles <ul><li>The treaty that ended World War One </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson hoped to go easy on Germany, Europe wanted to punish Germany </li></ul><ul><li>The League of Nations is the most important part of the treaty </li></ul><ul><li>The US never accepted the Treaty </li></ul><ul><li>War Guilt Clause was forced on Germany and would become a cause of WW2 </li></ul><ul><li>England and France maintained colonies (mandates) which would also cause future problems, e.g. Palestine </li></ul>
  32. 32. League of Nations <ul><li>Created by Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points </li></ul><ul><li>US never joined </li></ul><ul><li>Created after WW1 </li></ul><ul><li>A cooperation of nations dedicated to peace, not war </li></ul><ul><li>Now it’s the United Nations </li></ul>
  33. 33. Women’s Suffrage <ul><li>The movement to give women the right to vote </li></ul><ul><li>Official with the 19th amendment </li></ul>
  34. 34. 1919-1920 Steel Strike <ul><li>One of many strikes during the 1920s where labor and management could not come up with a compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Many feared communist elements in Labor Unions </li></ul><ul><li>18 people were killed during these strikes </li></ul>
  35. 35. Sacco and Venzetti <ul><li>1920s “Trial of the Century </li></ul><ul><li>Sacco and Venzetti were Italian anarchists which didn’t make them popular in the US in the first place </li></ul><ul><li>Arrested and found guilty of murder </li></ul><ul><li>Trial reflects more of US anti-immigrant and anti-anarchist beliefs than their real guilt </li></ul><ul><li>Sacco was guilty, Venzetti was not </li></ul><ul><li>Both were executed </li></ul>
  36. 36. Palmer Raids <ul><li>Government crackdown on suspected anarchists and communists during the 1920s </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Attorney General Robert Palmer </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the Red Scare </li></ul><ul><li>100s of people were deported out of the US </li></ul>
  37. 37. Red Scare <ul><li>1920s version of the fear of communism in the USA </li></ul><ul><li>Also associated with anarchy </li></ul><ul><li>This fear was a result of the end of WWI and the Communist revolution in Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Enforced by the Palmer Raids </li></ul>
  38. 38. Scopes Monkey Trial <ul><li>1920’s “Trial of the Century” </li></ul><ul><li>Pitted the Bible (creationism) vs. science (evolution) </li></ul><ul><li>William Jennings Bryan </li></ul><ul><li>Clarence Darrow </li></ul>
  39. 39. Business Cycle <ul><li>A term used in economics that describes the natural ups and downs of business </li></ul><ul><li>Usually is a 30 year cycle where you’ll see boom years and recession years </li></ul>
  40. 40. Buying on Margin <ul><li>When people bought stocks by only paying 10% of the real value and borrowing the rest </li></ul><ul><li>When the Stock Market crashed, people lost their investments while still owing people, who then never received their loan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instead of buying 10 shares of stock at $10/share and spending $100, you’d by 10 shares and $10/per share for only $10. The goal was to see your stock rise to $20/share. You’d then pay back the $90 and keep the extra $100 profit. Black Tuesday ruined this “get rich quick” practice </li></ul></ul>
  41. 41. “Black Tuesday” <ul><li>Oct. 29, 1929 </li></ul><ul><li>Date of the Stock Market Crash </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning date of the Great Depression </li></ul>
  42. 42. Smoot-Hawley Tariff <ul><li>A tariff (tax) created in 1930 that ended up causing more economic hardships on post WW1 Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Highest tariff increase in history </li></ul><ul><li>One of the many causes of the Great Depression </li></ul>
  43. 43. Bonus Army <ul><li>WWI veterans marched on Washington in 1932 demanding their WWI bonus promised to them early because of the effects of the Great Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Once they were denied, most went home </li></ul><ul><li>Some stayed and riots broke out </li></ul><ul><li>Hoover used the army under Douglas MacArthur to stop the riot, using tear gas which killed an 11 month old boy </li></ul><ul><li>Ruined Hoover’s image and reelection chances in 1932 </li></ul>
  44. 44. Hoovervilles <ul><li>Nickname for homeless camps in the United States during the Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Herbert Hoover was President of the US at the time </li></ul>
  45. 45. Bread lines/Soup Kitchens <ul><li>Charity work during the Great Depression giving free food for the unemployed </li></ul>
  46. 46. Social Security <ul><li>New Deal program under FDR </li></ul><ul><li>Gave a monthly salary to people over 64 </li></ul><ul><li>Still exists </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t count on it when you retire </li></ul>
  47. 47. New Deal Programs <ul><li>Agricultural Adjustment Act: paid farmers not to grow crops </li></ul><ul><li>Tennessee Valley Authority: successful effort to modernize this region with dams, electricity, and better farming techniques, still exists </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: insures your money in banks up to $100,000 </li></ul><ul><li>National Recovery Act: an attempt to stabilize business with wages and 40 hour work week </li></ul><ul><li>Securities and Exchange Commission: regulates the Stock Market to prevent “crashes” </li></ul><ul><li>Works Progress Administration: One of many programs designed to get Americans working again with public projects </li></ul><ul><li>Civilian Conservation Corps: program hiring men to build roads and plant trees and other environmental work </li></ul><ul><li>National Labor Relations Act: helps Labor, management, and the government with labor issues </li></ul><ul><li>Fair Labor Standards Act: Creates a minimum wage and children under 16 from working </li></ul><ul><li>Home Owners Loan Corporation: loans money to homeowners to keep up with mortgage payments </li></ul>
  48. 48. “Court Packing” <ul><li>FDR plan to increase the size of the Supreme Court when the Court struck down much of his New Deal </li></ul><ul><li>Plan failed, though Court began siding with New Deal </li></ul>
  49. 49. Welfare <ul><li>Government assistance to the poor for food and housing </li></ul>
  50. 50. Deficit Spending <ul><li>An action taken on by the government that sometimes helps the economy grow </li></ul><ul><li>It’s when the government spends money it doesn’t have, like using a credit card Government borrows money by selling bonds and treasury notes </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1930s and 1980s, the government spent more in public programs than the money it brought in from taxes </li></ul>

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