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Digital Literacy Skills - Reading on screen

Digital Literacy Skills - Reading on screen

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As more resources are made available in a digital only way and more people have mobile devices to consume or engage with resources, paper-based learning is on the way out. However, with research suggesting a subjective preference for paper (and no statistically significant difference between paper-based and on-screen reading performance), we need to challenge the assumption that today's learners are ready for the digital world and instead provide support for them.

As more resources are made available in a digital only way and more people have mobile devices to consume or engage with resources, paper-based learning is on the way out. However, with research suggesting a subjective preference for paper (and no statistically significant difference between paper-based and on-screen reading performance), we need to challenge the assumption that today's learners are ready for the digital world and instead provide support for them.

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Digital Literacy Skills - Reading on screen

  1. 1. Reading On Screen A website to support engagement with digital resources http://readingonscreen.wordpress.com/ Matt Cornock and Blayn Parkinson University of York @mattcornock @blaynparkinson
  2. 2. Books vs PDFs Photo (cc-by) Matt Cornock Increase use of digital resources for teaching. Reducing demand on physical books. Yet need to address the subjective apprehension about on screen reading (Holizinger, et al, 2011).
  3. 3. Device ownership Photo (cc-by) Matt Cornock Our internal surveys of first years show 93% own laptops or tablets, 78% own smartphones and only 22% own desktop computers. Leading to more flexible and ad hoc engagement with resources.
  4. 4. Changing behaviour Photo (cc-by) Matt Cornock Conflict in the way that digital resources are provided to students, yet our expectation is to still hand out paper. Need to address digital consumption in class and overcome fear of laptops.
  5. 5. Mimicking existing methods Photo (cc-by) Matt Cornock Common approaches to digital resources mimic paper-based interaction with highlighting and notes, yet the digital world offers much more: collaboration, connectability, searchability.
  6. 6. Exposing the skills gap Photo (cc-by) Matt Cornock Our students (and us) are trained in the paper- based world. We cannot assume students are competent in a digital-only environment so we must offer support – hence the Reading On Screen site.
  7. 7. Common problems • You don’t know what you don’t know – Change of font/colours/background/interface – Different devices (strengths/weaknesses) – Annotation – File management – Searchability
  8. 8. New learning opportunities Photo (cc) Matt Cornock With the confidence and knowledge to manage and engage with resources in a digital-only way, students can create rich personal libraries and no longer be bound by the book request queue.
  9. 9. Development of the site • Focus on the skills and tools to assist in consumption of digital resources • Devices • File formats • Problem-solving • Commenting and collaborative
  10. 10. Reading On Screen http://readingonscreen.wordpress.com/
  11. 11. References • Ackerman, R. and Lauterman, T. (2012). Taking reading comprehension exams on screen or on paper? A metacognitive analysis of learning texts under time pressure, Computers and Human Behaviour, 28, 1816-1828. • Darroch, I., Goodman, J., Brewster, S. and Gray, P. (2005). The effect of age and font size on reading text on handheld computers, in M.F. Costabile and F. Paternò (eds) INTERACT 2005, IFIP TC13 International Conference, Rome, Italy, September 12-16, 2005. 253-266. • Holzinger, A., Baernthaler, M., Pammer, W., Katz, H., Bjelic-Radisic, V. and Ziefle, M. (2011). Investigating paper vs. screen in real-life hospital workflows: Performance contradicts perceived superiority of paper in the user experience, International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 69, 563-570. • Lin, H., Wu, F. and Cheng, Y. (2012). Legibility and visual fatigue affected by text direction screen size and character size, Displays, 34, 49-58. • Mangen, A., Walgermo, B. and Brønnick, K. (2013). Reading linear texts on paper versus computer screen: Effects on reading comprehension, International Journal of Education Research, 58, 61-68. • Oborne, D. and Holton, D. (1988). Reading from screen versus paper: there is no difference, International Journal of Man- Machine Studies, 28, 1-9. • Wolfe, J. (2008). Annotations and the collaborative digital library: Effects of an aligned annotation interface on student argumentation and reading strategies, Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 3, 141-164.

Editor's Notes

  • Site available at http://readingonscreen.wordpress.com/

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