The new Republic

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The new Republic

  1. 1. The New Republic
  2. 2. Wartime Politics <ul><li>A mob in arms </li></ul><ul><li>Against standing armies </li></ul><ul><li>The first presidents </li></ul><ul><li>Loyalist confiscations </li></ul>
  3. 3. State Constitutions <ul><li>Political diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Voting Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania radicalism </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Military arrangements </li></ul><ul><li>Western lands </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue raising </li></ul><ul><li>One state, one vote </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Aftermath of War <ul><li>Inflation and paper currency </li></ul><ul><li>The persistence of a British presence </li></ul><ul><li>The Newburgh Conspiracy </li></ul><ul><li>Demobilized troops </li></ul><ul><li>Emerging Political Divisions </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Intoxication of Liberty <ul><li>Lord Dunmore’s decree </li></ul><ul><li>Manumission </li></ul><ul><li>The great contradiction </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery in the North </li></ul>
  7. 7. Benjamin Banneker to Thomas Jefferson: <ul><li>“I apprehend you will embrace every opportunity to eradicate that train of absurd and false ideas and opinions, which so generally prevails with respect to us; and that you sentiments are concurrent with mine, which are, that one universal Father hath given being to us all…” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Republican Motherhood <ul><li>Abigail Adams </li></ul><ul><li>Theories of feminine virtue </li></ul><ul><li>Female education </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s suffrage </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Northwest Territory <ul><li>Fort Stanwix treaty </li></ul><ul><li>Land Ordinance of 1785 </li></ul><ul><li>Northwest Ordinance 1787 </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Greenville 1795 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Shays’ Rebellion <ul><li>Tax and debt grievances </li></ul><ul><li>East vs. West </li></ul><ul><li>“ A little rebellion now and then is a good thing” </li></ul><ul><li>Towards a centralized government </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Annapolis convention 1786 </li></ul><ul><li>Philadelphia convention 1787 </li></ul><ul><li>From revision to replacement </li></ul><ul><li>The Virginians </li></ul>
  12. 12. James Madison <ul><li>“ Father of the Constitution” </li></ul><ul><li>A new kind of republic </li></ul><ul><li>Checks and Balances </li></ul><ul><li>The Virginia Plan </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Connecticut Compromise <ul><li>The New Jersey Plan </li></ul><ul><li>The King of America? </li></ul><ul><li>Roger Sherman’s plan </li></ul><ul><li>The Senate </li></ul>
  14. 14. The 3/5 Compromise <ul><li>Population enumeration </li></ul><ul><li>“ other persons” </li></ul><ul><li>Fugitive slave legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial trade-offs </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Presidency <ul><li>Veto power </li></ul><ul><li>Commander in Chief </li></ul><ul><li>Appointments </li></ul><ul><li>Symbolic significance </li></ul>
  16. 16. Federalists… <ul><li>The Federalist Papers </li></ul><ul><li>Madison, Hamilton, and Jay </li></ul><ul><li>Economic interests </li></ul><ul><li>Cosmopolitanism </li></ul>
  17. 17. Vs. Anti-Federalists <ul><li>Particularism </li></ul><ul><li>Yeoman ideals </li></ul><ul><li>A Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Patrick Henry and Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>The New York ratification debate </li></ul>
  18. 18. The First Congress and the Bill of Rights <ul><li>The Ratification Compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Madison’s Amendments </li></ul><ul><li>National Revenue </li></ul><ul><li>Reserve Clauses </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Washington Presidency <ul><li>Federal Judiciary </li></ul><ul><li>Executive restraint: the veto, Cabinet, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Against party and faction </li></ul>
  20. 20. Thomas Jefferson <ul><li>Secretary of State </li></ul><ul><li>The French Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Strict Constructionism </li></ul><ul><li>Independence and Republicanism </li></ul>
  21. 21. Washington D.C. <ul><li>Pierre Charles L’Enfant </li></ul><ul><li>The Southern site </li></ul><ul><li>Classicism </li></ul><ul><li>“ Federal City” </li></ul>
  22. 22. Alexander Hamilton <ul><li>Anglophilia </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of the Treasury </li></ul><ul><li>Broad constructionism </li></ul><ul><li>Trade policies </li></ul><ul><li>“ Infant industries” argument </li></ul>
  23. 23. The Whiskey Rebellion <ul><li>A replay of Bacon’s Rebellion? </li></ul><ul><li>Disproportionate taxation </li></ul><ul><li>Federal intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons from the Whiskey Rebellion </li></ul>
  24. 24. Washington’s Farewell <ul><li>Entangling Alliances </li></ul><ul><li>The Two-term precedent </li></ul><ul><li>The First Party System </li></ul>
  25. 25. Summary <ul><li>The initial creation of a unified state occurred on an ad hoc basis in the middle of a profound military and political crisis. </li></ul><ul><li>The trials of the early Republic tested the bounds of the loosely constructed, fairly democratic organization. Many elites saw their interests not served by this government </li></ul><ul><li>The Constitution reflects the desire to build a more unified nation, particularly as regards the ability of the state to protect the growing economy and reduce threats to elite power. </li></ul>

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