Protestant Reformation

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Protestant Reformation

  1. 1. Protestant Reformation The Split of the Catholic Church
  2. 2. Martin Luther <ul><li>German monk </li></ul><ul><li>Born 1483 </li></ul><ul><li>Interested in religion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Luther and Religion <ul><li>Nearly struck by lightning, thought God was trying to punish him, prayed and promised to become a monk. </li></ul><ul><li>Worried about salvation, prayed constantly, but still didn’t know if God would accept him. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Luther and Religion <ul><li>Read Saint Paul’s Epistle to the Romans. </li></ul><ul><li>Decided a person could be saved by God’s mercy and love alone. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Justification by faith” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Luther Against The Church <ul><li>Church was trying to raise money. </li></ul><ul><li>Argued against Indulgences - payments to the church to reduce or cancel one’s sins. </li></ul><ul><li>Germans were told payments would even work on future sins and that payments could work for dead relatives. </li></ul>
  6. 6. “ Once you hear the money’s ring, the soul from purgatory is free to spring”
  7. 7. Luther’s 95 Theses <ul><li>Statements criticizing indulgences and other church policies were nailed to the door of the Wittenberg Church. </li></ul><ul><li>Copies spread all over Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>Sales of indulgences declined. </li></ul><ul><li>Pope Leo X tried to persuade Luther to withdraw his criticisms. </li></ul><ul><li>Luther refused and was excommunicated. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Lutheranism <ul><li>Salvation by faith alone. </li></ul><ul><li>Bible is the only source of religious truth. (not the church) </li></ul><ul><li>Services centered around preaching the bible (not rituals) </li></ul><ul><li>Held in native languages (not Latin) </li></ul><ul><li>All vocations were able to serve God (not just priesthood) </li></ul>

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