Introduction to A2: The background and organisation of the European Union
Background and Organisation of the European UnionAfter World War II, there was a desire for Europe to work more closely together in order to rebuild aprosperous Europe.1952- European Coal and Steel Community formed1957- Treaty of Rome signed creating the European Economic Community (EEC)1986 – Single European Act created the single European market with the ‘four freedoms’ of Goods Services Persons CapitalAll four of those would be able to move freely across the borders of the member nations. i.e. youcould work, trade, move good around anywhere with the market.1992 – Maastricht Treaty created the European Union (the EU) which extended the community intoareas including justice, home affairs, foreign and security policy.The EU was to be based on three pillars The European Community Foreign and Security Policy Justice and Home AffairsThere have been notable changes since2001 Treaty of Nice2004 10 new states joined the EU bringing total to 252007 Lisbon TreatyIf you are confused by the EU – you could do worse than to read this very basic guide on CBBChttp://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/newsid_2130000/newsid_2138900/2138993.stmThis just gives you a bit of background. Or you could read this short guide from the Guardianhttp://careers.guardian.co.uk/guide-to-european-union-eu-careersYou can look at this interactive guide to see how Europe has got bigger over the years
http://www.guardian.co.uk/flash/0,5860,408196,00.htmlAnd a rather detailed timeline from the Telegraphhttp://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/6181087/Timeline-history-of-the-European-Union.htmlWatch this clip for a brief summary of how law is made in the European Union. You will also gain anoutline of what each of the main institutions in the EU is i.e.The Council of the European UnionThe European CommissionThe European Parliamenthttp://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/how-a-law-is-made-in-the-european-union/7272.htmlTask:Make a poster showing the key dates in the development of the EU and the key institutions togetherwith a brief summary of their main functions.