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Just War Theory


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Just War Theory

  1. 1. Just War When is war the answer?
  2. 2. Questions to ponder <ul><li>When should a country go to war? Describe three instances. </li></ul><ul><li>Which of the above instances are YOU willing to fight for? Die for? Justify your answer. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Just War Theory <ul><li>A moral defense of war. </li></ul><ul><li>Developed by Christians in the 5th century to balance the beliefs of Christianity with the need to go to war. </li></ul><ul><li>A system to justify the use of force. </li></ul><ul><li>Principles include: Just cause, competent authority, right intention, last resort, probability of success, proportionality </li></ul>
  4. 4. Just Cause <ul><li>War is permissible only to confront a real and certain danger. </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>Country A is invaded by Country B, Country A must go to war. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Example </li></ul><ul><li>Country B invades Country A because Country A’s leader might attack them sometime in the future. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Competent Authority <ul><li>War must be declared by those with responsibility for public order. </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>The President of Country A declares war on Country B. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Example </li></ul><ul><li>The newspapers in Country A declare war on Country B. After the fighting has started, the President declares war. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Right Intention <ul><li>Motives for responding to the cause must be just, they must be in line with the Just Cause. </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>Country C enters the war because Country B is a friend and the invasion by Country A is a violation of international law </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Example </li></ul><ul><li>Country C enters the war because Country B offered money. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Last Resort <ul><li>All peaceful alternatives must have been exhausted. </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>Country A attempted to settle differences with Country B, but Country B refuse to negotiate. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Example </li></ul><ul><li>Country A invaded without attempting to work out problems with Country B. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Probability of Success <ul><li>Must have reasonable grounds for believing that cause can be achieved. </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>Before Country C decides to get involved in the war, it measures its military power with potential enemies. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Example </li></ul><ul><li>Country C brings a knife to a gun fight. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Proportionality <ul><li>Must be confident that resorting to war will do more good than harm. </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>Country C enters the war, helps Country A and is able to restore peace to the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Example </li></ul><ul><li>Country B wins the war, but suffers so many costs and human loses, that it takes 50 years to recover. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Just War Scenarios <ul><li>You will now be broken into groups to analyze past and potential conflicts. </li></ul><ul><li>You must read the summary of the conflict, then determine if a war can be justified by the criteria outline in the Just War notes. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Just War Scenarios <ul><li>Past Conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>NATO Intervention in Kosovo in 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>The Persian Gulf War </li></ul><ul><li>Current/Future Conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. War on Terrorism (current) </li></ul><ul><li>India/Pakistan War (future?) </li></ul><ul><li>Iraq/U.S. War (future?) </li></ul>