Pioneer Bluffs Yesterday And Today

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Pioneer Bluffs History

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Pioneer Bluffs Yesterday And Today

  1. 1. /STORY H I S HER OF PIONEER BLUFFS THE
  2. 2. The stories before history… Paleo- Indian Period Vol. 1 Paleo- Indian Period Vol. 2 Paleo- Indian Period Vol. 3 Paleo- Indian Period Vol. 4 10000 - 6000 BC 6000 BC – 1 AD Archaic Period Vol. 5 Archaic Period Vol. 6 Archaic Period Vol. 7 Archaic Period Vol. 8 Archaic Period Vol. 9 Archaic Period Vol. 10 1 – 2000 AD Early Ceramic Period Vol. 11 Middle & Late Ceramic Period to 2000 A.D. Vol. 12 Kaw Wichita Osage Pawnee Comanche Roglers: See Vol. 12, pp. 859-993
  3. 3. YOU ARE HERE
  4. 4. If you don't know where you are, you don't know who you are. – Wendell Berry YOU ARE HERE IN 1901
  5. 5. 107 years ago 1872 1872 1870s 1908 1915
  6. 6. 250 million years ago 10,000-12,000 years ago 200 to 12,000 years ago 130 years ago 100 years ago
  7. 12. 1901 First flat tire in Chase County 5 grocery stores in Matfield Green Ticket from Strong City to California: $25 Steam-powered hay press Pneumatic-tired, horse-drawn runabout Maud Sauble Class of 1901 K-State Henry & Maud Sauble Rogler, 1901 Henry & Maud Sauble Rogler, 1971
  8. 13. 1859-1888 Charles 29 years 1,800 acres Henry 71 years 1901-1972 2,720 acres 1926-1993 Wayne 67 years 4,081 acres
  9. 14. Wayne 67 years Henry 71 years Charles 29 years 1865: $18 filing fee under 1862 Homestead Act 1901: $3.50 - $5.50/acre 1972: $50 - $150/acre 2006: $1,260 - $1,700
  10. 15.  YOU ARE HERE Sold at auction for $6.9 million October 19, 2006
  11. 16. GENERATIONS Austria Austria Indiana Maryland Michigan
  12. 18. 1850-1860 May 30, 1854 An Act to Organize the Territories of Nebraska and Kansas is passed by Congress, allowing the two newest territories to decide whether they will be slave or free states. 1851 Susan Ferris is born in Hillsdale, Michigan and Mary Mariah Satchell is born in Fountain County, Indiana. These two women would later become the mothers of Maud Sauble Rogler & Henry Rogler. 1852 16-year-old Charles W. Rogler is sent from the Kingdom of Saxony to America to find a homestead for his parents and siblings. He lived in Sandusky, Ohio on Lake Erie for several years, skinning cattle in a tannery to pay his way West. 1855 First public land survey in Chase County. 1856 Charles Rogler moves 500 miles west to Iowa City, Iowa 1859 Chase County organized, with 72 votes cast in first election. Spring, 1859 Charles Rogler (age 23) and Henry Brandley (age 19) walk to Kansas from Council Bluffs, Iowa to stake claims in Chase County 1858 Charles Rogler moves 200 miles west to Atlantic, Iowa Charles Rogler Henry Brandley DESTINED TO BE FRIENDS? <ul><li>LEARN MORE </li></ul><ul><li>Climate, Agriculture & Technology in the 1850s </li></ul><ul><li>“Firsts” in Chase County, Kansas in the 1850s </li></ul>
  13. 20. 1850-1860 May 30, 1854 An Act to Organize the Territories of Nebraska and Kansas is passed by Congress, allowing the two newest territories to decide whether they will be slave or free states. 1851 Susan Ferris is born in Hillsdale, Michigan and Mary Mariah Satchell is born in Fountain County, Indiana. These two women would later become the mothers of Maud Sauble Rogler & Henry Rogler. 1852 16-year-old Charles W. Rogler is sent from the Kingdom of Saxony to America to find a homestead for his parents and siblings. He lived in Sandusky, Ohio on Lake Erie for several years, skinning cattle in a tannery to pay his way West. 1855 First public land survey in Chase County. 1856 Charles Rogler moves 500 miles west to Iowa City, Iowa 1859 Chase County organized, with 72 votes cast in first election. Spring, 1859 Charles Rogler (age 23) and Henry Brandley (age 19) walk to Kansas from Council Bluffs, Iowa to stake claims in Chase County 1858 Charles Rogler moves 200 miles west to Atlantic, Iowa Charles Rogler Henry Brandley DESTINED TO BE FRIENDS? <ul><li>LEARN MORE </li></ul><ul><li>Climate, Agriculture & Technology in the 1850s </li></ul><ul><li>“Firsts” in Chase County, Kansas in the 1850s </li></ul>
  14. 22. 1850-1860 May 30, 1854 An Act to Organize the Territories of Nebraska and Kansas is passed by Congress, allowing the two newest territories to decide whether they will be slave or free states. 1851 Susan Ferris is born in Hillsdale, Michigan and Mary Mariah Satchell is born in Fountain County, Indiana. These two women would later become the mothers of Maud Sauble Rogler & Henry Rogler. 1852 16-year-old Charles W. Rogler is sent from the Kingdom of Saxony to America to find a homestead for his parents and siblings. He lived in Sandusky, Ohio on Lake Erie for several years, skinning cattle in a tannery to pay his way West. 1855 First public land survey in Chase County. 1856 Charles Rogler moves 500 miles west to Iowa City, Iowa 1859 Chase County organized, with 72 votes cast in first election. Spring, 1859 Charles Rogler (age 23) and Henry Brandley (age 19) walk to Kansas from Council Bluffs, Iowa to stake claims in Chase County 1858 Charles Rogler moves 200 miles west to Atlantic, Iowa Charles Rogler Henry Brandley DESTINED TO BE FRIENDS? <ul><li>LEARN MORE </li></ul><ul><li>Climate, Agriculture & Technology in the 1850s </li></ul><ul><li>“Firsts” in Chase County, Kansas in the 1850s </li></ul>
  15. 23. Stones like this one, used in the 1855 survey to mark Section Corners and Quarter Corners, can still be found in Chase County. The number 4 is scratched into this stone to indicate it is a Quarter Corner stone. It is illegal to remove these markers unless they are replaced by modern survey markers, as was the case with this stone.
  16. 24. 1850-1860 May 30, 1854 An Act to Organize the Territories of Nebraska and Kansas is passed by Congress, allowing the two newest territories to decide whether they will be slave or free states. 1851 Susan Ferris is born in Hillsdale, Michigan and Mary Mariah Satchell is born in Fountain County, Indiana. These two women would later become the mothers of Maud Sauble Rogler & Henry Rogler. 1852 16-year-old Charles W. Rogler is sent from the Kingdom of Saxony to America to find a homestead for his parents and siblings. He lived in Sandusky, Ohio on Lake Erie for several years, skinning cattle in a tannery to pay his way West. 1855 First public land survey in Chase County. 1856 Charles Rogler moves 500 miles west to Iowa City, Iowa 1859 Chase County organized, with 72 votes cast in first election. Spring, 1859 Charles Rogler (age 23) and Henry Brandley (age 19) walk to Kansas from Council Bluffs, Iowa to stake claims in Chase County 1858 Charles Rogler moves 200 miles west to Atlantic, Iowa Charles Rogler Henry Brandley DESTINED TO BE FRIENDS? <ul><li>LEARN MORE </li></ul><ul><li>Climate, Agriculture & Technology in the 1850s </li></ul><ul><li>“Firsts” in Chase County, Kansas in the 1850s </li></ul>
  17. 25. CHARLES HENRY DESTINED TO BE FRIENDS? BACK EUROPE OHIO IOWA KANSAS 29 YEARS: 4 MILES CHARLES HENRY 1859: OVER 700 MILES WEST HENRY BRANDLEY CHARLES ROGLER 1839-1852: 178 MILES 1852: 233 MILES CHARLES ROGLER HENRY BRANDLEY
  18. 26. Kanesville Crossing at Council Bluffs Missouri River Platte River IOWA NEBRASKA MISSOURI KANSAS St. Joseph Ft. Leavenworth Ft. Riley Council Grove Kansas River Tecumseh Westport California-Oregon Trail Santa Fe trail Military road between old Ft. Kearny and Ft. Scott via Ft. Leavenworth Military road between Ft. Leavenworth and Ft. Riley State and territorial boundaries Walking to Kansas in 1859 Stinson’s Ferry Grinter’s Ferry Cottonwood Falls BACK TO TIMELINE Click for more information Year Distance Speed Time 2008 263 miles 60 mph 4 hr. 41 min. 1859 300 - 370 miles 20 - 30 miles/ day 12 - 19 days
  19. 27. Kanesville Crossing at Council Bluffs
  20. 28. Fort Leavenworth
  21. 29. Typical ferry over the Kansas River in 1850s-1860s
  22. 30. Grinter’s Ferry
  23. 31. Brick-making machine, 1852 Pug mill at early-day brick works He came on foot to Tecumseh, Kansas, where he was employed in a brick yard for a short time. -Henry Brandley/Chase County Historical Sketches Arriving at Tecumseh, six miles east of Topeka, they joined a small party of home seekers under the leadership of a Mr. Lyon. -Charles Rogler/Chase County Historical Sketches
  24. 32. Council Grove on the Santa Fe Trail
  25. 33. Cottonwood Falls Toledo Saffordville Hymer Elmdale Cedar Point Mary Matfield Green Kaw Trail Santa Fe Trail Brandley Stage Stop Wonsevu Early Trails Across Chase County YOU ARE  HERE Strong City Occupied in 1859 Not yet settled Clements BACK TO MAIN MAP 1859 …at that time the largest town in the county (containing six houses and all occupied) Freight, Mail & Immigrant Trail between Towanda/ Wichita and Fort Leavenworth Texas Cattle Trail to Cottonwood Falls via Ark City, Winfield & El Dorado Pike’s Route, Sep. 11-13, 1806 Mormon Wagon Train, about 1850
  26. 34. 1850s: Climate, Agriculture and Technology BACK TO MAIN TIMELINE 1850 About 75-90 labor-hours required to produce 100 bushels of corn (2-1/2 acres) with walking plow, harrow, and hand planting 1850-70 Expanded market demand for agricultural products brought adoption of improved technology and resulting increases in farm production 1854 Self-governing windmill perfected 1856 2-horse straddle-row cultivator patented 1858 Mason jars, used for home canning, were invented 1858 Corn is selling at Emporia for 20 cents a bushel 1859 W. Harpole has first mowing machine in Chase County 1859 Edwin Drake digs first American oil well near Oil Creek, Pennsylvania.
  27. 35. 1850s: “Firsts” in Chase County, Kansas BACK TO MAIN TIMELINE 1854 First white landowner : Seth Millington Hays, of Council Grove, buys the land at the mouth of Diamond creek for a ranch. William Harris is put in charge of this ranch. 11-28-1854 The first election in Kansas , called by Governor Reeder. The voting place for any chance residents living north of the Cottonwood river is Ingraham Baker’s house near Council Grove, while for the territory south of the river the polling place is Fort Scott. 1855 First Public Land Survey in Chase County 1856 First mail service: The mail for settlers in the Cottonwood valley is thrown from the stages passing over the Santa Fe trail, at the home of C. H. Withington. Joseph Hadley gets it there and brings it down the Neosho valley and up the Cottonwood. 12-5-1857 First white child born in the new community: George Holsinger. 1858 Mrs. Jane Miller settles on South Fork and plants the first apple trees in the county from seeds she brought with her. 1859 First Chase County assessment: total valuation of property was $71,536 3-9-1859 First business opens in Chase County, Lorenzo D. Hinckley’s store in Cottonwood Falls. Hinckley is credited with numerous firsts: first postmaster of Cottonwood Falls and the first mail contractor in this and the counties to the southwest. It was said of him that &quot;he built the first dam across the Cottonwood river; first saw mill in the county; first hotel in the valley; ground the first meal and flour in the Cottonwood valley; carried the first mail to Wichita and Eldorado and as far north as Council Grove.” 3-11-1859 The first meeting of the County Board of Supervisors is held at Cottonwood Falls. 4-1-1859 Seventy-two votes were cast in the first county election . 5-30-1859 First newspaper published in Chase County: The Kansas Press, Volume I, Number 1, Samuel N. Wood, Editor. “The first issue was printed under a cottonwood tree near where the Santa Fe station stands” in Cottonwood Falls. 7-27-1859 Jane Pine sues William Pine for divorce. Their marriage in '57 was the first in this county. Their divorce also will be the first in this county. 8-29-1859 W. Harpole has first mowing machine in Chase county. 11-11-1859 The first tax is levied. It is 7 mills for county purposes and 3 mills for schools.
  28. 36. Potential Partnerships Chase County High School Chase County Historical Society Chase County Senior Center Chase County Leader-News PIONEER BLUFFS FOUNDATION Task Partners/Volunteers Transcribing historic documents <ul><li>CCHS computer classes </li></ul><ul><li>Local volunteers </li></ul>Scanning photos, maps and documents <ul><li>CCHS computer classes </li></ul>Research and reconstruction of historic events for timeline <ul><li>CCHS history and English classes </li></ul><ul><li>Chase County Historical Society </li></ul>Identification of persons and locations in old photographs <ul><li>Chase County Senior Center </li></ul><ul><li>Leader-News </li></ul>I Remember Chase County When… <ul><li>CCHS communications classes </li></ul><ul><li>Chase County Senior Center </li></ul>
  29. 38. Who cares? NEW CENTURY CLUB OF MATFIELD GREEN, circa 1938 Maud Rogler NEW CENTURY CLUB OF MATFIELD GREEN, 70 years later DESCENDANTS OF CHARLES ROGLER NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR INTERPRETATION TOPEKA HIGH SCHOOL LANGUAGE ARTS DEPARTMENT STAFF A gracious and provocative space in which visitors can creatively engage with history, community and place
  30. 40. Posthumous gratitude to Helen Leone Rogler 1902-1999 For daring to dance the hula in front of Pioneer Bluffs in 1949 and for SAVING EVERYTHING
  31. 41. Pioneer Bluffs Today The mission of the Pioneer Bluffs Foundation is…
  32. 42. ... celebrate the history Pioneer Bluffs Today WORKING FOR WAYNE: LIFE ON THE RANCH
  33. 43. Pioneer Bluffs Today … and experience of the tallgrass prairie
  34. 44. Pioneer Bluffs Today … and its Flint Hills ranching heritage
  35. 45. Pioneer Bluffs Today … and to revitalize Pioneer Bluffs as a community resource
  36. 46. Pioneer Bluffs Today … and gathering place
  37. 47. Pioneer Bluffs Today … where we explore
  38. 48. Pioneer Bluffs Today … sustainable ways to live in harmony with nature
  39. 49. Pioneer Bluffs Today
  40. 50. Ten Year Master Plan The Future of Pioneer Bluffs

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