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# Mathematical Concepts & Skills in Primary 1 Mathematics

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Mathematical Concepts & Skills in Primary 1 Mathematics

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### Mathematical Concepts & Skills in Primary 1 Mathematics

1. 1. Mathematical Concepts & Skills in Primary 1 Mathematics Yeap Ban Har [email_address] National Institute of Education
2. 2. Singapore Mathematics Curriculum What is the Focus?
3. 3. Mathematics Curriculum 2007
4. 4. Singapore Mathematics Curriculum focuses on mathematical problem solving. <ul><li>Primary 1 children solving a problem based on addition of three one-digit numbers . </li></ul><ul><li>Princess Elizabeth Primary School </li></ul>
5. 5. The Problem <ul><li>Put numbers 1 to 5 in this arrangement so that the vertical total is the same as the horizontal total. </li></ul><ul><li>Do it for 2 to 6. </li></ul><ul><li>Predict the total for 3 to 7. </li></ul>
6. 6. The Solution <ul><li>Children, later, made predictions for the case of using 3 to 7. </li></ul>
7. 7. Visualization Patterns
8. 8. It is recognized that mathematics is “an excellent vehicle for the development and improvement of a person’s intellectual competence in logical reasoning, spatial visualization, analysis and abstract thought” Ministry of Education Singapore 2006 Wellington Primary School
9. 9. What Children Learn? What are the Basics?
10. 10. Counting 3 and 2 make 5
11. 12. Connection Connection is the goal. Counting, adding and multiplying are vehicles to achieve the goal.
12. 15. Regrouping
13. 16. An Example
14. 17. An Example
15. 18. Visualization Visualization is the goal. Mathematics is just a vehicle to achieve the goal.
16. 19. Word Problems
17. 20. Communication Communication is the goal. Word problems are just vehicles to achieve the goal.
18. 21. How Children Learn? Schools use a variety of strategies to engage children better.
19. 22. Children learn in a relaxed environment. <ul><li>St Anthony’s Cannosian Primary School </li></ul>
20. 23. Children learn in a structured environment. <ul><li>St Anthony’s Cannosian Primary School </li></ul>
21. 24. Children learn in a social environment. <ul><li>National Institute of Education </li></ul>
22. 25. Children learn to be independent. <ul><li>Catholic High School (Primary) </li></ul>
23. 26. Children learn to work with people. <ul><li>Wellington Primary School </li></ul>
24. 27. Children learn through concrete materials before proceeding to pictorial and abstract representations. <ul><li>Princess Elizabeth Primary School </li></ul>
25. 28. 10 ÷ 5 = 2
26. 29. Teachers are trained to teach in these ways. <ul><li>National Institute of Education </li></ul>
27. 30. If you have questions about mathematics learning, please send your questions to [email_address] . The replies will be posted on www.askyeapbanhar.blogspot.com   www.askyeapbanhar.blogspot.com is a platform to help parents and international teachers understand the way mathematics is taught in Singapore schools. Parents may want to visit this blog regularly to read the replies to questions asked by other people.   www.singaporemathz4kidz.blogspot.com is on more general issues connected with mathematics education.   www.banhar.blogspot.com contains the reflection of the courses taught throughout the year and a glimpse into the activities used in these courses.   www.singaporelessonstudy.blogspot.com is on lesson study in Singapore schools and information related to lesson study.   math.nie.edu.sg/T3 is the website for the Think-Things-Through Project.