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Open Education Week - Why Open Matters - March 13, 2014


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Slides used for my presentation during Open Education Week. Hangouts on Air at

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Open Education Week - Why Open Matters - March 13, 2014

  1. 1. Why Open Matters March 13, 2014 Mathieu Plourde
  2. 2. Mathieu Plourde, MBA, Ed.D. Candidate Educational Technologist IT Academic TechnologyServices WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 2
  3. 3. HISTORY LESSON A little WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 3
  4. 4. Traditional software model Credit: somethingstartedcrazy and Rob on Flickr.
  5. 5. Open source software USERS DEVELOPERS
  6. 6. Source: Apple Just Ended the Era of Paid Operating Systems (Wired)
  7. 7. Open encyclopedia
  8. 8. Gratis Libre & (free of charge) (freedom of use)
  9. 9. OPEN EDUCATION WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 9
  10. 10. Open education " the simple and powerful idea that the world’s knowledge is a public good and that technology in general and the Worldwide Web in particular provide an extraordinary opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse knowledge." —The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
  11. 11. Open educational resources
  12. 12. Learning materials Collection Learning object
  13. 13. Learning materials Collection Learning object Whole Traditional Fixed Peer-reviewed "Nugget" Innovative Evolving "Wisdom of the crowd"
  14. 14. Learning materials Collection Learning object Whole Traditional Fixed Peer-reviewed "Nugget" Innovative Evolving "Wisdom of the crowd"
  15. 15. What makes a resource open? • David Wiley's 4Rs: • Reuse: the right to reuse the content in its unaltered/verbatim form (e.g., make a backup copy of the content) • Revise: the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language) • Remix: the right to combine the original or revised content with other content to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup) • Redistribute: the right to share copies of the original content, the revisions, or the remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend)
  16. 16. Copyright licensing • Open educational resources (OER) are powered by Creative Commons. The author sets the acceptable uses from the get-go.
  17. 17. AFFORDABILITY CONCERNS WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 17
  18. 18. Increase in textbook prices and college tuition WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 18
  19. 19. Demand for degrees WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 19McCoy, D., Schiller, S. R., Frank, E., & Schiller, S. (2011, April 4). Textbook Affordability: Emerging Solutions in Ohio. Webinar, . Retrieved from
  20. 20. Low-cost pathways WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 20
  21. 21. Open textbooks in K12 • State of Utah pilot provides a printed copy for $5 per student. • Replaces a 7 year cycle. • Fresh content every year, students keep the book. • Open textbook calculator: • David Wiley,
  22. 22. State of Washington The Open Course Library has saved students $5.5 million in textbook costs to date, including $2.9 million during the 2012-2013 academic year alone.”
  23. 23. Tidewater Community College “For students who pursue the new “textbook-free” degree, the total cost for required textbooks will be zero. Instead, the program will use high quality open textbooks and other open educational resources, known as OER, which are freely accessible, openly licensed materials useful for teaching, learning, assessment and research. It is estimated that a TCC student who completes the degree through the textbook-free initiative might save one-third on the cost of college.”
  24. 24. TEXTBOOKS, (UN)BUNDLED WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 24
  25. 25. Typical textbook cycle WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 25
  26. 26. Adopting an open textbook • Andrea Everard, Associate Professor • Accounting & MIS • MISY427 Information Technology Applications in Management - Fall 2011 • Link to blog post and video testimonial
  27. 27. Costs associated with potential textbooks for MISY427
  28. 28. Source: Ben Britton on Flickr
  29. 29. BARRIERS TO OPEN WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 29
  30. 30. Perception of quality • Outside resources: • “Not mine” • “Not peer-reviewed” • “Not someone I know” • Personal resources: • Copyright confusion • “Not perfect enough to share” WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 30
  31. 31. Startup cost and time • Finding • Vetting • Sequencing • Remixing • Filling up gaps • Assembling in a web format • Missing ancillaries and homework-as-a-service WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 31
  32. 32. OTHER OPENNESSES WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 32
  33. 33. Buy one, get one “The Director of the National Institutes of Health shall require that all investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of Medicine’s PubMed Central an electronic version of their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication: Provided, That the NIH shall implement the public access policy in a manner consistent with copyright law.” “Director John Holdren has directed Federal agencies with more than $100M in R&D expenditures to develop plans to make the published results of federally funded research freely available to the public within one year of publication and requiring researchers to better account for and manage the digital data resulting from federally funded scientific research.” results-federally-funded-research WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 33
  34. 34. Open access research
  35. 35. Open educational practices • http://openteaching.ud-
  36. 36. Personal learning networks Attribution: Alec Couros (courosa) on
  37. 37. Public engagement you.html?_r=0
  38. 38. CONCLUSION WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 38
  39. 39. Learning resources ecosystem WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 39
  40. 40. Curriculum design • Commercial textbook selection • Build from scratch • Learning objectives • Course outline • Explore OER • Identify gaps • Explore commercial options • Remix, repurpose • Build, share, improve WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 40
  41. 41. Course continuous improvement with OER
  42. 42. Open as a competitive advantage • Selling your program as “textbook-free” • Custom course content vetted and adapted yearly by your professors • 21st century scholarship (open and networked) • Faculty development • Public engagement
  43. 43. WE NEED YOU!
  44. 44. Explore OER on your own! Explore and submit UD resources List of global resources
  45. 45. Mathieu Plourde, MBA, Ed.D. Candidate Educational Technologist IT Academic TechnologyServices WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 45