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Finding, Using, and
Sharing Free Online
Learning Materials
August 24, 2016
Mathieu Plourde
About
• Mathieu Plourde
Ed.D. in Educational Leadership Candidate
M.B.A.
• Educational Technologist/LMS Project Leader
IT-...
HISTORY LESSON
A little
KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
Traditional software model
Credit: somethingstartedcrazy and Rob on Flickr.
Open source software
USERS DEVELOPERS
Source: Apple Just Ended the Era of Paid Operating Systems (Wired)
Open encyclopedia
Gratis
Libre
&
(free of charge)
(freedom of use)
Credit: Empty pocket graphic by USW-UniLife on Flickr.
COPYRIGHT AND FAIR USE
KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
“The Congress shall have Power …
To promote the Progress of Science
and useful Arts, by securing for
limited Times to Auth...
KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
Fair Use
KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
https://youtu.be/8tWhKeb-fUQ
Four Factors
• The purpose of the use.
• The nature of the use.
• The amount copied.
• The effect on the market.
KCTOOER-M...
KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
PURPOSE OF THE USE NATURE OF THE COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL
Favoring Fair Use Weighing against F...
KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
PURPOSE OF THE USE NATURE OF THE COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL
Favoring Fair Use Weighing against F...
TEXTBOOKS
KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
http://www.delawareonline.com/story/news/education/2016/08/17/ud-senior-takes-text-book-ty...
Increase in textbook prices and
college tuition (GAO)
KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
Demand for degrees
KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
McCoy, D., Schiller, S. R., Frank, E., & Schiller, S. (2011, April 4). ...
Low-cost pathways
KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
Open textbooks in K12
• State of Utah pilot provides a printed copy for $5
per student.
• Replaces a 7 year cycle.
• Fresh...
State of Washington
The Open Course Library has saved students $5.5 million in textbook
costs to date, including $2.9 mill...
Tidewater Community
College
“For students who pursue the new “textbook-free”
degree, the total cost for required textbooks...
http://achievingthedream.org/resources/initiatives/open-educational-resources-oer-degree-initiative
KCTOOER-M.Plourde-Augu...
OPEN EDUCATION
KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
Open education
"...is the simple and powerful idea that the
world’s knowledge is a public good and that
technology in gene...
Open educational resources
Learning materials
Collection Learning object
Learning materials
Collection Learning object
Whole
Traditional
Fixed
Peer-reviewed
"Nugget"
Innovative
Evolving
"Wisdom o...
Learning materials
Collection Learning object
Whole
Traditional
Fixed
Peer-reviewed
"Nugget"
Innovative
Evolving
"Wisdom o...
What makes a resource open?
• David Wiley's 5Rs:
• Retain – the right to make, own, and control copies of the
content
• Re...
Copyright licensing
• Open educational resources (OER) are powered
by Creative Commons. The author sets the
acceptable use...
BARRIERS TO OPEN
KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
Perception of quality
• Outside resources:
• “Not mine”
• “Not peer-reviewed”
• “Not someone I know”
• Personal resources:...
Startup cost and time
• Finding
• Vetting
• Sequencing
• Remixing
• Filling up gaps
• Assembling in a web format
• Missing...
CONCLUSION
KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
Learning resources ecosystem
KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
UD Library
• Talk to your librarian about:
• Open textbooks
• Special collections
• Databases and e-texts
KCTOOER-M.Plourd...
Curriculum design
• Commercial textbook
selection
• Build from scratch • Learning objectives
• Course outline
• Explore OE...
Course continuous
improvement with OER
KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
Open as a competitive
advantage
• Selling your program/course as “textbook-free”
• Custom course content vetted and adapte...
Explore OER on your own!
Explore and submit UD resources
http://ats.udel.edu/open
List of global resources
http://sites.ud...
Sharing an Item to OER
Commons
https://www.oercommons.org/
About
• Mathieu Plourde
Ed.D. in Educational Leadership Candidate
M.B.A.
• Educational Technologist/LMS Project Leader
IT-...
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Finding, Using, and Sharing Online Materials #OER #KCTO16

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Slides used for Keep Calm and Teach On session at the University of Delaware on learning materials. Short URL http://bit.ly/oer-kcto16

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Finding, Using, and Sharing Online Materials #OER #KCTO16

  1. 1. Finding, Using, and Sharing Free Online Learning Materials August 24, 2016 Mathieu Plourde
  2. 2. About • Mathieu Plourde Ed.D. in Educational Leadership Candidate M.B.A. • Educational Technologist/LMS Project Leader IT-Academic Technology Services University of Delaware KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016 www.google.com/ +MathieuPlourde @mathplourdebit.ly/mathplourde
  3. 3. HISTORY LESSON A little KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
  4. 4. Traditional software model Credit: somethingstartedcrazy and Rob on Flickr.
  5. 5. Open source software USERS DEVELOPERS
  6. 6. Source: Apple Just Ended the Era of Paid Operating Systems (Wired)
  7. 7. Open encyclopedia
  8. 8. Gratis Libre & (free of charge) (freedom of use) Credit: Empty pocket graphic by USW-UniLife on Flickr.
  9. 9. COPYRIGHT AND FAIR USE KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
  10. 10. “The Congress shall have Power … To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.” - United States Constitution, Article I, Section 8 KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
  11. 11. KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
  12. 12. Fair Use KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016 https://youtu.be/8tWhKeb-fUQ
  13. 13. Four Factors • The purpose of the use. • The nature of the use. • The amount copied. • The effect on the market. KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
  14. 14. KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016 PURPOSE OF THE USE NATURE OF THE COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL Favoring Fair Use Weighing against Fair Use Favoring Fair Use Weighing against Fair Use  Educational  Teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use)  Research  Scholarship  Criticism  Comment  Parody  Transformative or changes the work to a new purpose  Nonprofit use  Commercial, entertainment or for profit  Public distribution  Verbatim or exact copy, not transformative  Factual, nonfiction, news  Published Work  Creative (art, music, fiction) or consumable work (workbook, test)  Unpublished work AMOUNT COPIED EFFECT ON THE MARKET FOR THE ORIGINAL Favoring Fair Use Weighing against Fair Use Favoring Fair Use Weighing against Fair Use  Small quantity (e.g. single chapter or journal article, other short excerpt consisting of less than 10% of the work)  Portion used is not central to work as a whole  Amount is appropriate to the educational purpose  Large portion or entire work  Portion used is central or the “heart” of the work  Includes more than necessary for the educational purpose  No significant effect on the market or potential market for the copyrighted work  One or few copies made and/or distributed  No longer in print; absence of a licensing mechanism  Restrict access (limited to students in a class or other appropriate group)  One-time, spontaneous use (no time to obtain permission)  Cumulative effect of copying would be to substitute for purchase of work  Numerous copies are made and/or distributed  Reasonably available licensing mechanism for obtaining permission exists (CCC license or off-print for sale)  Repeated or long-term use
  15. 15. KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016 PURPOSE OF THE USE NATURE OF THE COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL Favoring Fair Use Weighing against Fair Use Favoring Fair Use Weighing against Fair Use  Educational  Teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use)  Research  Scholarship  Criticism  Comment  Parody  Transformative or changes the work to a new purpose  Nonprofit use  Commercial, entertainment or for profit  Public distribution  Verbatim or exact copy, not transformative  Factual, nonfiction, news  Published Work  Creative (art, music, fiction) or consumable work (workbook, test)  Unpublished work AMOUNT COPIED EFFECT ON THE MARKET FOR THE ORIGINAL Favoring Fair Use Weighing against Fair Use Favoring Fair Use Weighing against Fair Use  Small quantity (e.g. single chapter or journal article, other short excerpt consisting of less than 10% of the work)  Portion used is not central to work as a whole  Amount is appropriate to the educational purpose  Large portion or entire work  Portion used is central or the “heart” of the work  Includes more than necessary for the educational purpose  No significant effect on the market or potential market for the copyrighted work  One or few copies made and/or distributed  No longer in print; absence of a licensing mechanism  Restrict access (limited to students in a class or other appropriate group)  One-time, spontaneous use (no time to obtain permission)  Cumulative effect of copying would be to substitute for purchase of work  Numerous copies are made and/or distributed  Reasonably available licensing mechanism for obtaining permission exists (CCC license or off-print for sale)  Repeated or long-term use ™ Disney Corporation
  16. 16. TEXTBOOKS KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
  17. 17. KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
  18. 18. KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016 http://www.delawareonline.com/story/news/education/2016/08/17/ud-senior-takes-text-book-tyranny/88891288/
  19. 19. Increase in textbook prices and college tuition (GAO) KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
  20. 20. Demand for degrees KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016 McCoy, D., Schiller, S. R., Frank, E., & Schiller, S. (2011, April 4). Textbook Affordability: Emerging Solutions in Ohio. Webinar, . Retrieved from http://www.educause.edu/Resources/TextbookAffordabilityEmergingS/226560
  21. 21. Low-cost pathways KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
  22. 22. Open textbooks in K12 • State of Utah pilot provides a printed copy for $5 per student. • Replaces a 7 year cycle. • Fresh content every year, students keep the book. • Open textbook calculator: • http://openedgroup.org/calculator/ David Wiley, http://www.slideshare.net/opencontent/the-5-texbook
  23. 23. State of Washington The Open Course Library has saved students $5.5 million in textbook costs to date, including $2.9 million during the 2012-2013 academic year alone.”
  24. 24. Tidewater Community College “For students who pursue the new “textbook-free” degree, the total cost for required textbooks will be zero. Instead, the program will use high quality open textbooks and other open educational resources, known as OER, which are freely accessible, openly licensed materials useful for teaching, learning, assessment and research. It is estimated that a TCC student who completes the degree through the textbook-free initiative might save one-third on the cost of college.” http://www.tcc.edu/news/press/2013/TextbookFreeDegree.htm
  25. 25. http://achievingthedream.org/resources/initiatives/open-educational-resources-oer-degree-initiative KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
  26. 26. OPEN EDUCATION KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
  27. 27. Open education "...is the simple and powerful idea that the world’s knowledge is a public good and that technology in general and the Worldwide Web in particular provide an extraordinary opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse knowledge." —The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
  28. 28. Open educational resources
  29. 29. Learning materials Collection Learning object
  30. 30. Learning materials Collection Learning object Whole Traditional Fixed Peer-reviewed "Nugget" Innovative Evolving "Wisdom of the crowd"
  31. 31. Learning materials Collection Learning object Whole Traditional Fixed Peer-reviewed "Nugget" Innovative Evolving "Wisdom of the crowd"
  32. 32. What makes a resource open? • David Wiley's 5Rs: • Retain – the right to make, own, and control copies of the content • Reuse – the right to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video) • Revise – the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language) • Remix – the right to combine the original or revised content with other open content to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup) • Redistribute – the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend)
  33. 33. Copyright licensing • Open educational resources (OER) are powered by Creative Commons. The author sets the acceptable uses from the get-go. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
  34. 34. BARRIERS TO OPEN KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
  35. 35. Perception of quality • Outside resources: • “Not mine” • “Not peer-reviewed” • “Not someone I know” • Personal resources: • Copyright confusion • “Not perfect enough to share” KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
  36. 36. Startup cost and time • Finding • Vetting • Sequencing • Remixing • Filling up gaps • Assembling in a web format • Missing ancillaries and homework-as-a-service KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
  37. 37. CONCLUSION KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
  38. 38. Learning resources ecosystem KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
  39. 39. UD Library • Talk to your librarian about: • Open textbooks • Special collections • Databases and e-texts KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
  40. 40. Curriculum design • Commercial textbook selection • Build from scratch • Learning objectives • Course outline • Explore OER • Identify gaps • Explore commercial options • Remix, repurpose • Build, share, improve KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
  41. 41. Course continuous improvement with OER KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016
  42. 42. Open as a competitive advantage • Selling your program/course as “textbook-free” • Custom course content vetted and adapted yearly by professors • 21st century scholarship (open and networked) • Faculty development • Public engagement
  43. 43. Explore OER on your own! Explore and submit UD resources http://ats.udel.edu/open List of global resources http://sites.udel.edu/open/finding/ OER Treasure Hunt www.udel.edu/003275
  44. 44. Sharing an Item to OER Commons https://www.oercommons.org/
  45. 45. About • Mathieu Plourde Ed.D. in Educational Leadership Candidate M.B.A. • Educational Technologist/LMS Project Leader IT-Academic Technology Services University of Delaware KCTOOER-M.Plourde-August24,2016 www.google.com/ +MathieuPlourde @mathplourdebit.ly/mathplourde

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