COMBUSTION:• A CHEMICAL PROCESS IN WHICH A SUBSTANCE REACTS WITH THE OXYGEN OF
AIR TO GIVE HEAT & LIGHT IS CALLED COMBUSTI...
TYPES OF COMBUSTION:-

•COMBUSTIBLE &
•NON COMBUSTIBLE SUBSTANCES
COMBUSTIBLE SUBSTANCES:• THOSE SUBSTANCES WHICH CAN BURN ARE CALLED COMBUSTIBLE
SUBSTANCES.

• EXAMPLES ARE PAPER, PETROL,...
NON-COMBUSTIBLE SUBSTANCES:• THOSE SUBSTANCES WHICH DO NOT BURN ARE CALLED NONCOMBUSTIBLE SUBSTANCES.

• EXAMPLES ARE STON...
CONDITIONS NECESSARY FOR
COMBUSTION:• PRESENCE OF THE COMBUSTIBLE SUBSTANCES ( A SUBSTANCE WHICH CAN
BURN)

• PRESENCE OF ...
FOREST FIRES:•THE FOREST FIRES OCCUR DURING THE HOTTEST SUMMER DAYS.
•IT IS OCCURRED DUE TO THE EXTREME HEAT OF SUMMER,
SO...
HISTORY OF MATCH STICK:• A SHORT THIN PIECE OF WOOD HAVING CHEMICALS COTTED AT ONE END WHICH IS
USED TO LIGHT A FIRE BY RU...
HOW DO WE CONTROL FIRE:• BY REMOVING THE FUEL ( COMBUSTIBLE SUBSTANCES)
• REMOVE THE HEAT
• CUT OF THE AIR SUPPLY
TYPES OF COMBUSTION:• THERE ARE 3 TYPES OF COMBUSTION:• RAPID COMBUSTION
• SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION
• EXPLOSIVE COMBUSTION
RAPID COMBUSTION:• THE COMBUSTION REACTION IN WHICH A
LARGE AMOUNT OF HEAT & LIGHT ARE PRODUCED
IN A SHORT TIME IS CALLED ...
SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION:• THE COMBUSTION REACTION WHICH OCCURS ON
ITS OWN ( WITHOUT THE HELP OF ANY EXTERNAL

HEAT ) IS CAL...
EXPLOSIVE COMBUSTION:• A VERY FAST COMBUSTION REACTION IN
WHICH A LARGE AMOUNT OF HEAT, LIGHT &
SOUND PRODUCED IS CALLED E...
FUELS
• A MATERIAL WHICH IS BURNT TO PRODUCE HEAT IS CALLED FUEL .
• EG:-WOOD, COAL,GAS, KEROSENE, PETROL,DIESEL,ETC,.
• T...
CALORIFIC VALUE OF FUELS:-
FLAME
• A FLAME IS A REGION WHERE COMBUSTION ( OR BURNING ) OF GASEOUS
SUBSTANCES TAKES PLACE.

• SOME OF THE SUBSTANCES W...
STRUCTURE OF A FLAME:-
BURNING OF FUEL LEADS TO HARMFUL
PRODUCTS
• THE BURNING OF FUEL LIKE WOOD,COAL RELEASES UNBURNT CARBON PARTICLES IN
THE AI...
CASE OF CNG:• THE USE OF PETROL & DIESEL AS FUELS IN AUTOMOBILES IS BEING REPLACED BY CNG.

• THIS IS BECAUSE WHEN CNG BUR...
CASE OF WOOD:• WOOD HAS BEEN USED AS A DOMESTIC &
INDUSTRIAL FUEL FOR CENTURIES.

• SOME OF THE DIS ADVANTAGES OF WOOD ARE...
Combustion & flame cbse 8th class SCIENCE PHYSICS
Combustion & flame cbse 8th class SCIENCE PHYSICS
Combustion & flame cbse 8th class SCIENCE PHYSICS
Combustion & flame cbse 8th class SCIENCE PHYSICS
Combustion & flame cbse 8th class SCIENCE PHYSICS
Combustion & flame cbse 8th class SCIENCE PHYSICS
Combustion & flame cbse 8th class SCIENCE PHYSICS
Combustion & flame cbse 8th class SCIENCE PHYSICS
Combustion & flame cbse 8th class SCIENCE PHYSICS
Combustion & flame cbse 8th class SCIENCE PHYSICS
Combustion & flame cbse 8th class SCIENCE PHYSICS
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Combustion & flame cbse 8th class SCIENCE PHYSICS

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Combustion & flame cbse 8th class SCIENCE PHYSICS

  1. 1. COMBUSTION:• A CHEMICAL PROCESS IN WHICH A SUBSTANCE REACTS WITH THE OXYGEN OF AIR TO GIVE HEAT & LIGHT IS CALLED COMBUSTION. • OXYGEN IS NECESSARY FOR COMBUSTION TO TAKE PLACE. • RESPIRATION IS A KIND OF SLOW COMBUSTION OF FOOD WHICH TAKES PLACE IN THE BODY TO PRODUCE ENERGY. • RUSTING OF IRON IS AN EXAMPLE OF SLOW COMBUSTION.
  2. 2. TYPES OF COMBUSTION:- •COMBUSTIBLE & •NON COMBUSTIBLE SUBSTANCES
  3. 3. COMBUSTIBLE SUBSTANCES:• THOSE SUBSTANCES WHICH CAN BURN ARE CALLED COMBUSTIBLE SUBSTANCES. • EXAMPLES ARE PAPER, PETROL, KEROSENE, WOOD, COAL, COW DUNG CAKES, DIESEL, CHARCOAL ETC.
  4. 4. NON-COMBUSTIBLE SUBSTANCES:• THOSE SUBSTANCES WHICH DO NOT BURN ARE CALLED NONCOMBUSTIBLE SUBSTANCES. • EXAMPLES ARE STONE,GLASS,CEMENT,BRICKS,SOIL,SAND,WATER,IRON NAILS,COPPER,ASBESTOS,ETC.,
  5. 5. CONDITIONS NECESSARY FOR COMBUSTION:• PRESENCE OF THE COMBUSTIBLE SUBSTANCES ( A SUBSTANCE WHICH CAN BURN) • PRESENCE OF A SUPPORTER OF OXYGEN ( I.E. AIR) • HEATING THE COMBUSTIBLE SUBSTANCES TO ITS IGNITION TEMPERATURE.
  6. 6. FOREST FIRES:•THE FOREST FIRES OCCUR DURING THE HOTTEST SUMMER DAYS. •IT IS OCCURRED DUE TO THE EXTREME HEAT OF SUMMER, SOMETIMES THE IGNITION TEMPERATURE OF DRY GRASS IN THE FOREST IS REACHED, WHICH MAKES THE DRY GRASS CATCH FIRE.
  7. 7. HISTORY OF MATCH STICK:• A SHORT THIN PIECE OF WOOD HAVING CHEMICALS COTTED AT ONE END WHICH IS USED TO LIGHT A FIRE BY RUBBING AGAINST A ROUGH SURFACE IS CALLED MATCH STICK. • THE HISTORY OF MATCH STICK IS VERY OLD ABOUT 5000 YAERS AGO SMALL THIN PIECES OF PINEWOOD DIPPED IN SULPHUR AT ONE END WERE USED AS MATCH STICKS IN ANCIENT EGYPT.THE MODERN SAFETY MATCH STICK WAS DEVOLEOPED ONLY ABOUT 200 YEARS AGO.
  8. 8. HOW DO WE CONTROL FIRE:• BY REMOVING THE FUEL ( COMBUSTIBLE SUBSTANCES) • REMOVE THE HEAT • CUT OF THE AIR SUPPLY
  9. 9. TYPES OF COMBUSTION:• THERE ARE 3 TYPES OF COMBUSTION:• RAPID COMBUSTION • SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION • EXPLOSIVE COMBUSTION
  10. 10. RAPID COMBUSTION:• THE COMBUSTION REACTION IN WHICH A LARGE AMOUNT OF HEAT & LIGHT ARE PRODUCED IN A SHORT TIME IS CALLED RAPID COMBUSTION.
  11. 11. SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION:• THE COMBUSTION REACTION WHICH OCCURS ON ITS OWN ( WITHOUT THE HELP OF ANY EXTERNAL HEAT ) IS CALLED SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION.
  12. 12. EXPLOSIVE COMBUSTION:• A VERY FAST COMBUSTION REACTION IN WHICH A LARGE AMOUNT OF HEAT, LIGHT & SOUND PRODUCED IS CALLED EXPLOSIVE COMBUSTION.
  13. 13. FUELS • A MATERIAL WHICH IS BURNT TO PRODUCE HEAT IS CALLED FUEL . • EG:-WOOD, COAL,GAS, KEROSENE, PETROL,DIESEL,ETC,. • THE THREE TYPES OF FUEL ARE SOLID FUELS , LIQUID FUELS & GASEOUS FUELS.
  14. 14. CALORIFIC VALUE OF FUELS:-
  15. 15. FLAME • A FLAME IS A REGION WHERE COMBUSTION ( OR BURNING ) OF GASEOUS SUBSTANCES TAKES PLACE. • SOME OF THE SUBSTANCES WHICH BURN BY PRODUCING FLAMES ARE;LPG,BIOGAS,WAX,CAMPHOR,MAGNESIUM,KEROSENE OIL AND MUSTARD OIL.
  16. 16. STRUCTURE OF A FLAME:-
  17. 17. BURNING OF FUEL LEADS TO HARMFUL PRODUCTS • THE BURNING OF FUEL LIKE WOOD,COAL RELEASES UNBURNT CARBON PARTICLES IN THE AIR. • INCOMPLETE COMBUSTION OF FUEL (DUE TO INSUFFICIENT AIR ) PRODUCES A VERY POISONOUS GAS CALLED CARBON MONOXIDE. • BURNING OF FUELS RELAESES CARBONDI OXIDE INTO AIR ENVIRONMENT. • BURNING OF FUEL PRODUCES SULPHUR DI OXIDE GAS WHICH GOES INTO THE AIR.
  18. 18. CASE OF CNG:• THE USE OF PETROL & DIESEL AS FUELS IN AUTOMOBILES IS BEING REPLACED BY CNG. • THIS IS BECAUSE WHEN CNG BURNS IT PRODUCES VERY SMALL AMOUNT OF HARMFUL PRODUCTS.
  19. 19. CASE OF WOOD:• WOOD HAS BEEN USED AS A DOMESTIC & INDUSTRIAL FUEL FOR CENTURIES. • SOME OF THE DIS ADVANTAGES OF WOOD ARE • IT PRODUCES A LOT OF SMOKE • IT INCREASES DEFORESTATION • IT IS HARMFUL TO ENVIRONMENT

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