Why is it important for a trailer to show us the genre and how is this established? When an audience go to the cinema and see a collection of trailers feeds them information about the film, who the main stars are, the narrative, and what type of genre it is. The genre is what the audience “decode” from watching it themselves, this involves seeing celebrities that are commonly known for their continuously appearance in a specific genre eg: jack black in comical films, this is backed up with the bright lighting, the friendly atmosphere and bright visual colours, these are all examples of conventions that are thought about depending on what genre the film is. Genre is an important key in film marketing as it targets certain audiences, for example: if a person prefers horror films then they will automatically be interested in a trailer about horror. However sometimes a genre isn’t clear from the beginning of the trailer as a film will be a hybrid of one of more different genres combined together this makes the audience want to see what happens if the film has a certain twist.
How does the trailer show that a film is worth going to see?Films need to stand out and be unique from one another, especially if they are realised at the same time and are targeting the same audience and consist of the same genre then the marketing campaign have to compete with their rivals for the target audience, this is why a unique selling point is majorly advertised in the marketing campaign. A thing that is commonly used to make each trailer different is a unique selling point, this could a unique twist, a character playing a role they are not famous for, and the use of special effects or the narrative varies. Common conventions also help indicate to the audience why a film is worth going to see, if the actors are well known, if there is a lot of action, lots of blood and drama and if the sub genre appeals to the audience.
What types of trailers are there? A distribution company have the power to decide how many trailers arereleased of a certain film depending on if the film itself it’s a big productionwith a substantial budget for marketing. To gain the interest of theaudience, a “teaser” trailer is made and is realised online or played at thecinema in the early stages of the promotional campaign. A teaser trailer isshorter than the actual trailer; this is suggested in the name “teaser” and isdone to leave the audience wanting more. The distribution company tries toreach the target audience in many ways, after a “teaser” trailer is viewedpeople begin to tell their friends and family, thus creating a word of mouthcampaign as news of the trailer is spread via mouth, phone, socialnetworking and other media platforms. This is a very popular approach usedby the distribution company as it a immensely cheap as they themselves arenot wasting time and money as the audience are the ones spreading theinformation not knowing subconsciously what they are doing. Once a buzz iscreated due to the effect of the teaser trailer, an full length clip of the traileris released in cinemas three to four weeks before the film is due to bereleased. Trailers are also shown on TV and are known as “TVSpots”, however air time is very expensive therefore not a lot is shown, butenough to engage the audience.
How are trailers chosen to preview before certain films:Trailers that preview the main film are shown in cinemas; however certain trailers are shown to a certain audience. The exhibitor (cinema manager) uses their marketing knowledge to target a certain audience and select trailers which are aimed at the same target audience of that of the main film. For example: if the audience come to watch a comedy film, then the exhibitor shows other comedy trailers, making the audience want to come back again, this process is repeated continuously until a regular audience is established. Classifications are also taken in consideration when showing trailers, some film have certain age restrictions, therefore a trailer for a 15 certificate film will not be played before a PG film is shown as language and scenes maybe inappropriate for the younger audience. However the cinema manager is aware that adults accompany the younger audience, therefore films that have a certain age restriction are edited to make them suitable or the younger audience as it is indirectly appealing to the adults, making them want to come back alone to see the film.
Location:As times have now evolved, there are different ways in whichtrailers can be viewed, the internet is a new found tool in filmmarketing. Different forms of media platforms allow trailers to beviewed, web 2.0 and websites such as apple movie trailers andofficial websites for film titles show trailers, however this trailersare cut and edited to make them suitable for a general audiencethis is done because age restrictions can be very difficult to enforceonline in comparison to the cinema. The same film can havedifferent trailers with different names and edited in many differentways as different audiences can view it, media platforms such associal networking allow users to engage and create interest in thetrailer as comments can be shared, the more good reviews, themore people will want to see it, therefore creating more money.
What are the features of a trailer?Trailers are viewed everywhere, however they are not “mini films”,trailers have a genre of their own and have stereotypicalconventions that follow. Trailers consist of a selection f variousshots from the film, since the purpose of the trailer is to attract anaudience; these chosen shots are usually drawn from the mostexciting parts of the film and are designed to capture the attentionof the audience for a limited amount of minutes. They create acertain mood and enigma, creating interest and anticipation ofwhat the film is about. In a trailer important facts are given, someinformation about the plot, characters within in the film and thesubgenre. Trailers follow a certain structure, the information andscenes are often fast moving with a lot of footage which requiresour attention, creating roller coaster effect as tension builds up andthen drops and the trailer finishes.
Conventions:• “best bits” are highlighted• Showcases the stars• Visual images are not shown for long• Conversations between characters=one liners• Dramatic camera angels• Action interrupted by credits• Voiceovers to tell the story and give more information• Title may not appear until the end• Trailer builds up to the climax where it ends