ISO 50001: Energy Management Systems StandardAdvit Foundation GreenStratos Consulting Pvt. Ltd610 A, Udhyog Vihar Phase- V Plot. 59, Amar Co-op Society,Gurgaon Kavuri Hills, Madhapur, HyderabadPh; +91 124 4309491 Ph. +91 4064584004
“The judicious and effective use of energy to maximize profits(minimize costs) and enhance competitive positions”“The strategy of adjusting and optimizing energy, usingsystems and procedures so as to reduce energy requirementsper unit of output while holding constant or reducing totalcosts of producing the output from these systems”
ISO 50001: Energy Management Systems Standard-IntroductionISO 50001- the International Standard for Energy Management Systems (EnMS)Energy Management Systems offers a comprehensive and structured approach for energyefficiency improvement.ISO/FDIS 50001: 2011(E) defines EnMS as “set of interrelated or interacting elements toestablish an energy policy and energy objectives, and processes and procedures to achievethose objectives “Applicable to any organization, whatever the size, industry or geographical locationAn organization embracing ISO 50001 is likely to further accelerate adoption of energyefficiency practices and to continuously improve its energy performance and cost.
Application of the standard can be tailored to fit the requirements of the organization, including degree of documentation, resources and complexity of the system The International Standard can be used for certification/registration and/or self-declaration of an organizations energy management system. The fact that its based on measurement and verification will help organization stay on track to meet their declared energy policies. Adoption of ISO 50001 by any organization will:• Reduce energy bills• Make manufacturing more sustainable• Promotes energy efficiency throughout the supply chain• Helps in meeting National GHG reduction targets
ISO 50001 specifies requirements for an organization to establish, implement, maintain and improve an energy management system. EnMS Specifies to :• Develop and implement an energy policy,• Establish objectives, targets, and action plans which take into account legal requirements The International Standard specifies requirements for all factors affecting:• Energy supply, uses and consumption• Measurement, documentation and reporting,• Design and procurement practices for energy using equipment, processes, systems, and personnel.• ISO 50001 does not prescribe specific performance criteria with respect to energy
Clause 4.1: General requirements• Establish, document, implement, and maintain an energy management system (EnMS) in accordance with the requirements of this standard;• Define and document the scope and boundaries of its EnMS; and• Determine and document how it will meet the requirements of this standard in order to achieve continual improvement of its energy performance and of its EnMS.
Clause 4.2: Management Responsibility• Establishing, implementing, and maintaining the energy policy• Identifying the scope and boundaries to be addressed by the Energy management system• Communicating to the organization the importance of energy management• Including energy considerations in long-term planning, if applicable,• Ensuring that results are measured and reported, and• Conducting management reviews• 4.2.2. Management Representative: – Skills & competencies – Level & Authority – Reports to top management – Ensures PDCA
ISO 50001 is based on the Plan - Do - Check - Act (PDCA) continual improvement framework andincorporates energy management practices into everyday organizational activities. As per ISO/FDIS 50001:2011(E): Plan: Conduct the energy use assessment, establish the baseline, energy performance indicators (EnPIs), objectives, targets and action plans necessary to deliver results that will improve energy performance (measurable results related to energy efficiency, use and consumption) in line with the organizations energy policy;
Do: Implement the energy management action plans; Check: Monitor and measure processes and the key characteristics of operations that determineenergy performance against the energy policy and objectives, and report the results; Act: Take actions to continually improve energy performance and the EnMS.
ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MODEL ISO 50001 CONTINUAL ENERGY POLICY IMPROVEMENT ENERGY PLANNING MANAGEMENT IMPLEMENTATION REVIEW AND OPERATION INTERNAL AUDIT CHECKING MONITORING, MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS CORRECTIVE AND PREVENTIVE ACTIONS
• Defines and documents the scope and boundaries of the energy management system;• Impact on the organizations energy use• Includes a commitment to continual improvement in energy performance• Includes a commitment to ensure the availability of information and of all necessary resources to achieve• objectives and targets• Includes a commitment to comply with all applicable legal and other requirements;• Provides the framework for setting and reviewing energy objectives and targets
Energy Conservation ApproachReduce specific consumption of energy by 2% every year over next ten yearsIntentTo lessen the burden on the environment by reducing energy on a continuous basis and conserve natural resources.RequirementsImplement the following fundamental practices related to energy consumption in our organization. These practices have to be taken up on acontinuous basis.1. Monitor energy and water consumption for the whole plant with section wise breakup2. Establish specific energy (kWh or kCal or kL / ton or unit of production)3. Develop an in house programme to sustain energy conservation activities in the plant. Strategies PLANNING & ACHIEVEING TARGET DEFINE PLAN TRACK & MANAGE COLLECT STATUS COLLECTION OF DEVELOP THE DATA STRATEGIES PLAN & TAKE DEVEELOP SCHEDULE ADOPTIVE COMAPARISON OF DATA PREPARE REPORT ANALYZE TO DOCUMENT THE RESOURCES RESULTS ANALYSIS OF DATA DEVELOP RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN Energy Conservation Team
The organization should establish the following :• Energy Profile• Energy Baseline• Energy Performance Indicators• Legal and other requirements• Objectives, Targets, and Action Plans.
• Energy Review The organization shall develop, maintain, and record an energy profile. The methodology and criteria used to develop the energy profile shall be documented.• Energy Baseline The energy baseline shall be established using the information in the initial energy profile considering a minimum of 12 months of data. Changes in energy performance shall be measured against the energy baseline.• Energy performance indicators The organization shall identify EnPIs to be used to determine energy performance and to subsequently evaluate progress towards objectives and targets.
• Legal and other requirements The organization shall identify and have access to the applicable legal requirements and other requirements to which the organization subscribes related to its energy uses.• Objectives, targets and action plans The organization shall establish, implement and maintain documented energy objectives and targets at the relevant functions, levels, processes or facilities within the organization. The energy objectives and target(s) shall be measurable and a time frame set for achievement.
PlanENERGY POLICYISO/FDIS 50001 defines Energy Policy as “Statement by theorganization of its overall intentions, and direction of anorganization related to its energy performance, as formallyexpressed by top management.” The energy policy provides a framework for action and for thesetting of energy objectives and energy targets and is documented,communicated, and understood well within the organization.Appropriate to the scale and nature of the organization energy use.Availability of necessary resources and support.Commitment to comply with applicable regulations and otherrequirements.Setting and reviewing of energy objectives and targets.Supports the purchase of energy efficient technology and services.Energy policy declaration by an organization is seen as a topmanagement commitment to continual improvement oforganizations energy performance
Plan (contd.) ENERGY PLANNING Consistent with energy policy and has the following activities:• Energy review- determination of Energy performance for identification of energy saving opportunities• Energy baseline- establishing basis for energy performance comparison.• Energy performance indicators (EnPIs)- setting EnPIs, measure of energy performance.• Objectives- establishing, implementing and maintaining documented energy objectives.• Targets- setting targets consistent with the objectives.• Action plans- formulating action plans to achieve objectives and targets, legal/ regulations and other requirements and shall include: – designation of responsibility; – the means and time frame by which individual targets are to be achieved; – a statement of the method by which an improvement in energy performance shall be verified; – a statement of the method of verifying the results.
Clause 4.5: Implementation & 4.5: operation• The organization shall ensure that any person or person(s) working for, or on its behalf related to significant energy uses are competent on the basis of appropriate education, training, skills or experience.• The organization shall identify training needs associated with the control of its significant energy uses and the operation of its energy management system. It shall provide training or take other action to meet these needs.• The importance of conformity with the energy policy, procedures and with the requirements of the EnMS,• Provide inputs for significant energy uses associated with their work, and the potential consequences of departure from specified procedures,
IMPLEMENTATION AND OPERATION• Organization to use the action plans and other outputs resulting from the planning process for implementation and operations and would require:• Competence, training and awareness of work force on their role, responsibilities and duties• Communicate internally with workforce on energy performance, EnMS and establish a process through which suggestions can be invited to improve EnMS• Records and document of the implementation and operation of the EnMS- scope and boundaries, energy policy , objectives , targets, action plan and other documents as required• Operational Controls of those operation and maintenance activities related to significant use of energy• Design of new, modified and renovated facilities, equipment, systems and processes that can have a significant impact on energy performance.• Procurement of energy efficient products, services and energy.
• The organization should ensure awareness, understanding, commitment and participation that personnel at all levels within the organization are encouraged to and have a process to make proposals for improvements, and submit relevant comments on the EnMS.• The organization shall decide whether to communicate externally about its energy management system energy performance, and shall document its decision. If the decision is to communicate externally, the organization shall establish and implement a method for this external communication.
The EnMS documentation should include:• The energy policy;• Objectives, targets, and action plans;• Plans for achieving the energy objectives and targets; documents and records required by this International Standard• Documents and records determined by the organization to be necessary to ensure the effective planning,• Operation and control of processes and equipment related to its identified significant energy uses.
MONITORING ,MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS• Key characteristics of operations that determine energy performance are monitored, measured and analysed at planned intervals Corrective and preventive actions• Significant energy uses and other outputs.• Energy Performance Indicators (EnPIs).• Effectiveness of Action plans.• Energy measurement plan.• Evaluation and correction of deviations of the energy performance.• Control of records.
4.6.3 INTERNAL AUDIT• Conduct internal audits to ensure that Energy Management System(EnMS) confirms to:• planned arrangements for energy management• energy objectives and targets established;• effective implementationAn Audit Plan & Schedule developed factoring earlieraudits & implemented Selection of Auditors Records maintained & reported to top management
• Reviewing nonconformities or potential nonconformities• Determining the causes of nonconformities or potential nonconformities• Evaluating the need for action to ensure that nonconformities do not occur or reoccur• Determining and implementing the appropriate action needed• Reviewing the effectiveness of the action taken• Corrective actions and preventive actions shall be appropriate to the magnitude of the actual or potential problems and the energy consequences encountered.• The organization shall ensure that any necessary changes are made to the energy management system documentation. Records of corrective and preventive actions shall be maintained.
• The organization shall establish and maintain records as necessary to demonstrate conformity to the requirements of its energy management system and the energy performance results achieved.• Records shall be and remain legible, identifiable and traceable to the relevant activity, product or service for the established retention period.
At planned intervals top management shall review the performance of the organization’s energy management system to ensure its continuing suitability, adequacy and effectiveness.Input• Following-up actions from previous management reviews;• Review of the energy policy• Review of energy performance;• Review on Energy management system audit results• status of corrective and preventive actions
Output• a) the improvement in the energy performance of the organization since the last review;• b) changes to the energy policy;• c) Changes in Energy Performance Indicators• d) changes to objectives, targets or other elements of the energy management system, consistent with the organization’s commitment to continual improvement;• e) allocation of resources
Act MANAGEMENT REVIEW Top management shall review the organizations EnMS to ensure its continuing suitability, adequacy and effectiveness. Inputs for review will include:• Calendar of review.• Records.• Follow-up actions from previous management reviews.• Energy policy.• Energy Performance Indicators(EnPIs).• Legal compliance and other requirements.• Energy objectives and targets.• Results of the audit.
Continual Improvement A recurring process which results in enhancement of overall energy performance and the EnMS Output of Management Review will include:• Changes in the energy policy.• Changes in the EnPIs.• Changes in the targets, goals and objectives.• Allocation of resources.
Comparison between ISO 50001, ISO 9001 and ISO 14001• ISO 50001 is proposed to be in line with ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 standards that address quality management and environmental management issues.• ISO 50001 is based on the same Plan-Do-Check-Act approach of ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 and it draws extensively on the structure and content of the QMS and EMS.• Implementation of ISO 9001 means what the organization does to fulfill the customers quality requirements, and applicable regulatory requirements, while aiming to enhance customer satisfaction,• Implementation of ISO 14001 means what the organization does to minimize harmful effects on the environment caused by its activities, and to achieve continual improvement of its environmental performance.• Similarly ISO 50001 implementation is expected to address what the organization does to effectively manage energy resources and performance that is relevant to global standards.
What are we doing?Implementing an Energy Management System! 38