Upcoming SlideShare
×

# 5 5factoring trinomial iii

1,116 views

Published on

Published in: Economy & Finance, Business
• Full Name
Comment goes here.

Are you sure you want to Yes No
• Be the first to comment

• Be the first to like this

### 5 5factoring trinomial iii

1. 1. Factoring Trinomials III
2. 2. Factoring Trinomials III Too factor trinomials of the form ax2 + bx + c, the shortest, but not a reliable way, is by guessing, .i.e. we reverse the FOIL procedure and try to guess what numbers are needed.
3. 3. Factoring Trinomials III Reversed FOIL Method Too factor trinomials of the form ax2 + bx + c, the shortest, but not a reliable way, is by guessing, .i.e. we reverse the FOIL procedure and try to guess what numbers are needed.
4. 4. Factoring Trinomials III For this method, we need to find four numbers that fit certain descriptions. Reversed FOIL Method Too factor trinomials of the form ax2 + bx + c, the shortest, but not a reliable way, is by guessing, .i.e. we reverse the FOIL procedure and try to guess what numbers are needed.
5. 5. Factoring Trinomials III For this method, we need to find four numbers that fit certain descriptions. The following are examples of the task to be accomplished. Reversed FOIL Method Too factor trinomials of the form ax2 + bx + c, the shortest, but not a reliable way, is by guessing, .i.e. we reverse the FOIL procedure and try to guess what numbers are needed.
6. 6. Factoring Trinomials III For this method, we need to find four numbers that fit certain descriptions. The following are examples of the task to be accomplished. Example A. Let {1, 3} and {1, 2} be two pairs of numbers. Is it possible to split the {1, 2 }, put them in the boxes that makes the equality true? Reversed FOIL Method Too factor trinomials of the form ax2 + bx + c, the shortest, but not a reliable way, is by guessing, .i.e. we reverse the FOIL procedure and try to guess what numbers are needed.
7. 7. Factoring Trinomials III For this method, we need to find four numbers that fit certain descriptions. The following are examples of the task to be accomplished. Example A. Let {1, 3} and {1, 2} be two pairs of numbers. Is it possible to split the {1, 2 }, put them in the boxes that makes the equality true? a. 1* (± ) + 3*(± ) = 5. Reversed FOIL Method Too factor trinomials of the form ax2 + bx + c, the shortest, but not a reliable way, is by guessing, .i.e. we reverse the FOIL procedure and try to guess what numbers are needed.
8. 8. Factoring Trinomials III For this method, we need to find four numbers that fit certain descriptions. The following are examples of the task to be accomplished. Example A. Let {1, 3} and {1, 2} be two pairs of numbers. Is it possible to split the {1, 2 }, put them in the boxes that makes the equality true? a. 1* (± ) + 3*(± ) = 5. Yes, 1* (2) + 3 * (1) = 5 Reversed FOIL Method Too factor trinomials of the form ax2 + bx + c, the shortest, but not a reliable way, is by guessing, .i.e. we reverse the FOIL procedure and try to guess what numbers are needed.
9. 9. Factoring Trinomials III For this method, we need to find four numbers that fit certain descriptions. The following are examples of the task to be accomplished. Example A. Let {1, 3} and {1, 2} be two pairs of numbers. Is it possible to split the {1, 2 }, put them in the boxes that makes the equality true? a. 1* (± ) + 3*(± ) = 5. Yes, 1* (2) + 3 * (1) = 5 b. 1* (± ) + 3* (± ) = –5. Reversed FOIL Method Too factor trinomials of the form ax2 + bx + c, the shortest, but not a reliable way, is by guessing, .i.e. we reverse the FOIL procedure and try to guess what numbers are needed.
10. 10. Factoring Trinomials III For this method, we need to find four numbers that fit certain descriptions. The following are examples of the task to be accomplished. Example A. Let {1, 3} and {1, 2} be two pairs of numbers. Is it possible to split the {1, 2 }, put them in the boxes that makes the equality true? a. 1* (± ) + 3*(± ) = 5. Yes, 1* (2) + 3 * (1) = 5 b. 1* (± ) + 3* (± ) = –5. Yes, 1* (1) + 3* (–2) = –5 Reversed FOIL Method Too factor trinomials of the form ax2 + bx + c, the shortest, but not a reliable way, is by guessing, .i.e. we reverse the FOIL procedure and try to guess what numbers are needed.
11. 11. Factoring Trinomials III For this method, we need to find four numbers that fit certain descriptions. The following are examples of the task to be accomplished. Example A. Let {1, 3} and {1, 2} be two pairs of numbers. Is it possible to split the {1, 2 }, put them in the boxes that makes the equality true? a. 1* (± ) + 3*(± ) = 5. Yes, 1* (2) + 3 * (1) = 5 b. 1* (± ) + 3* (± ) = –5. Yes, 1* (1) + 3* (–2) = –5 or 1* (–2) + 3* (–1) = –5 Reversed FOIL Method Too factor trinomials of the form ax2 + bx + c, the shortest, but not a reliable way, is by guessing, .i.e. we reverse the FOIL procedure and try to guess what numbers are needed.
12. 12. Factoring Trinomials III For this method, we need to find four numbers that fit certain descriptions. The following are examples of the task to be accomplished. Example A. Let {1, 3} and {1, 2} be two pairs of numbers. Is it possible to split the {1, 2 }, put them in the boxes that makes the equality true? a. 1* (± ) + 3*(± ) = 5. Yes, 1* (2) + 3 * (1) = 5 b. 1* (± ) + 3* (± ) = –5. Yes, 1* (1) + 3* (–2) = –5 or 1* (–2) + 3* (–1) = –5 c. 1* (± ) + 3* (± ) = 8. Reversed FOIL Method Too factor trinomials of the form ax2 + bx + c, the shortest, but not a reliable way, is by guessing, .i.e. we reverse the FOIL procedure and try to guess what numbers are needed.
13. 13. Factoring Trinomials III Too factor trinomials of the form ax2 + bx + c, the shortest, but not a reliable way, is by guessing, .i.e. we reverse the FOIL procedure and try to guess what numbers are needed. For this method, we need to find four numbers that fit certain descriptions. The following are examples of the task to be accomplished. Example A. Let {1, 3} and {1, 2} be two pairs of numbers. Is it possible to split the {1, 2 }, put them in the boxes that makes the equality true? a. 1* (± ) + 3*(± ) = 5. Yes, 1* (2) + 3 * (1) = 5 b. 1* (± ) + 3* (± ) = –5. Yes, 1* (1) + 3* (–2) = –5 or 1* (–2) + 3* (–1) = –5 c. 1* (± ) + 3* (± ) = 8. No, since the most we can obtain is 1* (1) + 3* (2) = 7. Reversed FOIL Method
14. 14. Factoring Trinomials III (Reversed FOIL Method)
15. 15. Factoring Trinomials III (Reversed FOIL Method) Let’s see how the above examples are related to factoring.
16. 16. Example B. Factor 3x2 + 5x + 2. Factoring Trinomials III (Reversed FOIL Method) Let’s see how the above examples are related to factoring.
17. 17. Example B. Factor 3x2 + 5x + 2. The only way to get 3x2 is (3x ± #)(1x ± #). Factoring Trinomials III (Reversed FOIL Method) Let’s see how the above examples are related to factoring.
18. 18. Example B. Factor 3x2 + 5x + 2. The only way to get 3x2 is (3x ± #)(1x ± #). The #’s must be 1 and 2 Factoring Trinomials III (Reversed FOIL Method) Let’s see how the above examples are related to factoring.
19. 19. Example B. Factor 3x2 + 5x + 2. The only way to get 3x2 is (3x ± #)(1x ± #). The #’s must be 1 and 2 to get the constant term +2. Factoring Trinomials III (Reversed FOIL Method) Let’s see how the above examples are related to factoring.
20. 20. Example B. Factor 3x2 + 5x + 2. The only way to get 3x2 is (3x ± #)(1x ± #). The #’s must be 1 and 2 to get the constant term +2. We need to place 1 and 2 as the #'s so the product will yield the correct middle term +5x. Factoring Trinomials III (Reversed FOIL Method) Let’s see how the above examples are related to factoring.
21. 21. Example B. Factor 3x2 + 5x + 2. The only way to get 3x2 is (3x ± #)(1x ± #). The #’s must be 1 and 2 to get the constant term +2. We need to place 1 and 2 as the #'s so the product will yield the correct middle term +5x. That is, (3x ± #)(1x ± #) must yields +5x, Factoring Trinomials III (Reversed FOIL Method) Let’s see how the above examples are related to factoring.
22. 22. 3(± # ) +1(± #) = 5 where the #’s are 1 and 2. Factoring Trinomials III (Reversed FOIL Method) Let’s see how the above examples are related to factoring. Example B. Factor 3x2 + 5x + 2. The only way to get 3x2 is (3x ± #)(1x ± #). The #’s must be 1 and 2 to get the constant term +2. We need to place 1 and 2 as the #'s so the product will yield the correct middle term +5x. That is, (3x ± #)(1x ± #) must yields +5x, or that
23. 23. 3(± # ) +1(± #) = 5 where the #’s are 1 and 2. Since 3(1) +1(2) = 5, Factoring Trinomials III (Reversed FOIL Method) Let’s see how the above examples are related to factoring. Example B. Factor 3x2 + 5x + 2. The only way to get 3x2 is (3x ± #)(1x ± #). The #’s must be 1 and 2 to get the constant term +2. We need to place 1 and 2 as the #'s so the product will yield the correct middle term +5x. That is, (3x ± #)(1x ± #) must yields +5x, or that
24. 24. 3(± # ) +1(± #) = 5 where the #’s are 1 and 2. Since 3(1) +1(2) = 5, Factoring Trinomials III (Reversed FOIL Method) Let’s see how the above examples are related to factoring. Example B. Factor 3x2 + 5x + 2. The only way to get 3x2 is (3x ± #)(1x ± #). The #’s must be 1 and 2 to get the constant term +2. We need to place 1 and 2 as the #'s so the product will yield the correct middle term +5x. That is, (3x ± #)(1x ± #) must yields +5x, or that
25. 25. 3(± # ) +1(± #) = 5 where the #’s are 1 and 2. Since 3(1) +1(2) = 5, Factoring Trinomials III (Reversed FOIL Method) Let’s see how the above examples are related to factoring. Example B. Factor 3x2 + 5x + 2. The only way to get 3x2 is (3x ± #)(1x ± #). The #’s must be 1 and 2 to get the constant term +2. We need to place 1 and 2 as the #'s so the product will yield the correct middle term +5x. That is, (3x ± #)(1x ± #) must yields +5x, or that
26. 26. 3(± # ) +1(± #) = 5 where the #’s are 1 and 2. Since 3(1) +1(2) = 5, we see that 3x2 + 5x + 2 = (3x + 2)(1x + 1). Factoring Trinomials III (Reversed FOIL Method) Let’s see how the above examples are related to factoring. Example B. Factor 3x2 + 5x + 2. The only way to get 3x2 is (3x ± #)(1x ± #). The #’s must be 1 and 2 to get the constant term +2. We need to place 1 and 2 as the #'s so the product will yield the correct middle term +5x. That is, (3x ± #)(1x ± #) must yields +5x, or that
27. 27. 3(± # ) +1(± #) = 5 where the #’s are 1 and 2. Since 3(1) +1(2) = 5, we see that 3x2 + 5x + 2 = (3x + 2)(1x + 1). 5x Factoring Trinomials III (Reversed FOIL Method) Let’s see how the above examples are related to factoring. Example B. Factor 3x2 + 5x + 2. The only way to get 3x2 is (3x ± #)(1x ± #). The #’s must be 1 and 2 to get the constant term +2. We need to place 1 and 2 as the #'s so the product will yield the correct middle term +5x. That is, (3x ± #)(1x ± #) must yields +5x, or that
28. 28. Factoring Trinomials III Example C. Factor 3x2 – 7x + 2.
29. 29. Factoring Trinomials III Example C. Factor 3x2 – 7x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #).
30. 30. Factoring Trinomials III Example C. Factor 3x2 – 7x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1 and 2 as #'s
31. 31. 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = –7. Factoring Trinomials III Example C. Factor 3x2 – 7x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1 and 2 as #'s so that
32. 32. 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = –7. It's 3(–2) + 1(–1) = –7. Factoring Trinomials III Example C. Factor 3x2 – 7x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1 and 2 as #'s so that
33. 33. 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = –7. It's 3(–2) + 1(–1) = –7. So 3x2 – 7x + 2 = (3x –1)(1x – 2) Factoring Trinomials III Example C. Factor 3x2 – 7x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1 and 2 as #'s so that
34. 34. 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = –7. It's 3(–2) + 1(–1) = –7. So 3x2 – 7x + 2 = (3x –1)(1x – 2) Example D. Factor 3x2 + 5x – 2. Factoring Trinomials III Example C. Factor 3x2 – 7x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1 and 2 as #'s so that
35. 35. 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = –7. It's 3(–2) + 1(–1) = –7. So 3x2 – 7x + 2 = (3x –1)(1x – 2) Example D. Factor 3x2 + 5x – 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). Factoring Trinomials III Example C. Factor 3x2 – 7x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1 and 2 as #'s so that
36. 36. 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = –7. It's 3(–2) + 1(–1) = –7. So 3x2 – 7x + 2 = (3x –1)(1x – 2) Example D. Factor 3x2 + 5x – 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1 and 2 as #'s Factoring Trinomials III Example C. Factor 3x2 – 7x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1 and 2 as #'s so that
37. 37. 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = –7. It's 3(–2) + 1(–1) = –7. So 3x2 – 7x + 2 = (3x –1)(1x – 2) Example D. Factor 3x2 + 5x – 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1 and 2 as #'s so that 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +5. Factoring Trinomials III Example C. Factor 3x2 – 7x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1 and 2 as #'s so that
38. 38. 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = –7. It's 3(–2) + 1(–1) = –7. So 3x2 – 7x + 2 = (3x –1)(1x – 2) Example D. Factor 3x2 + 5x – 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1 and 2 as #'s so that 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +5. Since c is negative, they must have opposite signs . Factoring Trinomials III Example C. Factor 3x2 – 7x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1 and 2 as #'s so that
39. 39. 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = –7. It's 3(–2) + 1(–1) = –7. So 3x2 – 7x + 2 = (3x –1)(1x – 2) Example D. Factor 3x2 + 5x – 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1 and 2 as #'s so that 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +5. It is 3(+2) + 1(–1) = +5. Since c is negative, they must have opposite signs . Factoring Trinomials III Example C. Factor 3x2 – 7x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1 and 2 as #'s so that
40. 40. 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = –7. It's 3(–2) + 1(–1) = –7. So 3x2 – 7x + 2 = (3x –1)(1x – 2) Example D. Factor 3x2 + 5x – 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1 and 2 as #'s so that 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +5. It is 3(+2) + 1(–1) = +5. So 3x2 + 5x + 2 = (3x –1)(1x + 2) Since c is negative, they must have opposite signs . Factoring Trinomials III Example C. Factor 3x2 – 7x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1 and 2 as #'s so that
41. 41. Example E. Factor 3x2 + 8x + 2. Factoring Trinomials III
42. 42. Example E. Factor 3x2 + 8x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). Factoring Trinomials III
43. 43. Example E. Factor 3x2 + 8x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1&2 so that 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +8. Factoring Trinomials III
44. 44. Example E. Factor 3x2 + 8x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1&2 so that 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +8. This is impossible. Factoring Trinomials III
45. 45. Example E. Factor 3x2 + 8x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1&2 so that 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +8. This is impossible. Hence the expression is prime. Factoring Trinomials III
46. 46. Example E. Factor 3x2 + 8x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1&2 so that 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +8. This is impossible. Hence the expression is prime. Factoring Trinomials III If both the numbers a and c in ax2 + bx + c have many factors then there are many possibilities to check.
47. 47. Example E. Factor 3x2 + 8x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1&2 so that 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +8. This is impossible. Hence the expression is prime. Factoring Trinomials III If both the numbers a and c in ax2 + bx + c have many factors then there are many possibilities to check. Example F. Factor 3x2 + 11x – 4.
48. 48. Example E. Factor 3x2 + 8x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1&2 so that 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +8. This is impossible. Hence the expression is prime. Factoring Trinomials III If both the numbers a and c in ax2 + bx + c have many factors then there are many possibilities to check. Example F. Factor 3x2 + 11x – 4. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #).
49. 49. Example E. Factor 3x2 + 8x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1&2 so that 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +8. This is impossible. Hence the expression is prime. Factoring Trinomials III If both the numbers a and c in ax2 + bx + c have many factors then there are many possibilities to check. Example F. Factor 3x2 + 11x – 4. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). Since 4 = 2(2) = 1(4),
50. 50. Example E. Factor 3x2 + 8x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1&2 so that 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +8. This is impossible. Hence the expression is prime. 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +11. Factoring Trinomials III If both the numbers a and c in ax2 + bx + c have many factors then there are many possibilities to check. Example F. Factor 3x2 + 11x – 4. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). Since 4 = 2(2) = 1(4), we need to fill in 2&2 or 1&4 as #'s so that
51. 51. Example E. Factor 3x2 + 8x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1&2 so that 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +8. This is impossible. Hence the expression is prime. 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +11. It can't be 2&2. Factoring Trinomials III If both the numbers a and c in ax2 + bx + c have many factors then there are many possibilities to check. Example F. Factor 3x2 + 11x – 4. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). Since 4 = 2(2) = 1(4), we need to fill in 2&2 or 1&4 as #'s so that 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +11.
52. 52. Example E. Factor 3x2 + 8x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1&2 so that 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +8. This is impossible. Hence the expression is prime. 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +11. It can't be 2&2. Factoring Trinomials III If both the numbers a and c in ax2 + bx + c have many factors then there are many possibilities to check. Example F. Factor 3x2 + 11x – 4. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). Since 4 = 2(2) = 1(4), we need to fill in 2&2 or 1&4 as #'s so that Try 1&4, 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +11.
53. 53. Example E. Factor 3x2 + 8x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1&2 so that 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +8. This is impossible. Hence the expression is prime. 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +11. It can't be 2&2. Factoring Trinomials III If both the numbers a and c in ax2 + bx + c have many factors then there are many possibilities to check. Example F. Factor 3x2 + 11x – 4. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). Since 4 = 2(2) = 1(4), we need to fill in 2&2 or 1&4 as #'s so that Try 1&4, it is 3(+4) + 1(–1) = +11. 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +11.
54. 54. Example E. Factor 3x2 + 8x + 2. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We need to fill in 1&2 so that 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +8. This is impossible. Hence the expression is prime. 3(± # ) + 1(± # ) = +11. It can't be 2&2. Factoring Trinomials III If both the numbers a and c in ax2 + bx + c have many factors then there are many possibilities to check. Example F. Factor 3x2 + 11x – 4. We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). Since 4 = 2(2) = 1(4), we need to fill in 2&2 or 1&4 as #'s so that Try 1&4, it is 3(+4) + 1(–1) = +11. So 3x2 + 11x – 4 = (3x – 1)(1x + 4).
55. 55. Factoring Trinomials III It's not necessary to always start with ax2. If c is a prime number, we start with c.
56. 56. Example G. Factor 12x2 – 5x – 3. Factoring Trinomials III It's not necessary to always start with ax2. If c is a prime number, we start with c.
57. 57. Example G. Factor 12x2 – 5x – 3. Since 3 must be 3(1), Factoring Trinomials III It's not necessary to always start with ax2. If c is a prime number, we start with c.
58. 58. Example G. Factor 12x2 – 5x – 3. Since 3 must be 3(1), we need to find two numbers such that (#)(#) = 12 Factoring Trinomials III It's not necessary to always start with ax2. If c is a prime number, we start with c.
59. 59. Example G. Factor 12x2 – 5x – 3. Since 3 must be 3(1), we need to find two numbers such that (#)(#) = 12 and that Factoring Trinomials III It's not necessary to always start with ax2. If c is a prime number, we start with c. (± #)(± 3) + (± #)(±1) = – 5.
60. 60. Example G. Factor 12x2 – 5x – 3. Since 3 must be 3(1), we need to find two numbers such that (#)(#) = 12 and that Factoring Trinomials III It's not necessary to always start with ax2. If c is a prime number, we start with c. (± #)(± 3) + (± #)(±1) = – 5. 12 = 1(12) = 2(6) = 3(4)
61. 61. Example G. Factor 12x2 – 5x – 3. Since 3 must be 3(1), we need to find two numbers such that (#)(#) = 12 and that Factoring Trinomials III It's not necessary to always start with ax2. If c is a prime number, we start with c. (± #)(± 3) + (± #)(±1) = – 5. 12 = 1(12) = 2(6) = 3(4) 1&12 and 2&6 can be quickly eliminated.
62. 62. Example G. Factor 12x2 – 5x – 3. Since 3 must be 3(1), we need to find two numbers such that (#)(#) = 12 and that Factoring Trinomials III It's not necessary to always start with ax2. If c is a prime number, we start with c. (± #)(± 3) + (± #)(±1) = – 5. 12 = 1(12) = 2(6) = 3(4) 1&12 and 2&6 can be quickly eliminated. We get (3)(–3) + (4)(+1) = – 5.
63. 63. Example G. Factor 12x2 – 5x – 3. Since 3 must be 3(1), we need to find two numbers such that (#)(#) = 12 and that So 12x2 – 5x – 3 = (3x + 1)(4x – 3). Factoring Trinomials III It's not necessary to always start with ax2. If c is a prime number, we start with c. (± #)(± 3) + (± #)(±1) = – 5. 12 = 1(12) = 2(6) = 3(4) 1&12 and 2&6 can be quickly eliminated. We get (3)(–3) + (4)(+1) = – 5.
64. 64. Example G. Factor 12x2 – 5x – 3. Since 3 must be 3(1), we need to find two numbers such that (#)(#) = 12 and that So 12x2 – 5x – 3 = (3x + 1)(4x – 3). Factoring Trinomials III It's not necessary to always start with ax2. If c is a prime number, we start with c. (± #)(± 3) + (± #)(±1) = – 5. 12 = 1(12) = 2(6) = 3(4) 1&12 and 2&6 can be quickly eliminated. We get (3)(–3) + (4)(+1) = – 5. Remark: In the above method, finding (#)(± #) + (#)( ± #) = b does not guarantee that the trinomial will factor.
65. 65. Example G. Factor 12x2 – 5x – 3. Since 3 must be 3(1), we need to find two numbers such that (#)(#) = 12 and that So 12x2 – 5x – 3 = (3x + 1)(4x – 3). Factoring Trinomials III It's not necessary to always start with ax2. If c is a prime number, we start with c. (± #)(± 3) + (± #)(±1) = – 5. 12 = 1(12) = 2(6) = 3(4) 1&12 and 2&6 can be quickly eliminated. We get (3)(–3) + (4)(+1) = – 5. Remark: In the above method, finding (#)(± #) + (#)( ± #) = b does not guarantee that the trinomial will factor. We have to match the sign of c also.
66. 66. Example H. Factor 3x2 – 7x – 2 . Factoring Trinomials III
67. 67. Example H. Factor 3x2 – 7x – 2 . We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). Factoring Trinomials III
68. 68. Example H. Factor 3x2 – 7x – 2 . We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We find that: 3(–2) + 1(–1) = –7. Factoring Trinomials III
69. 69. Example H. Factor 3x2 – 7x – 2 . We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We find that: 3(–2) + 1(–1) = –7. But this won't work since (–2)(–1) = 2 = c. Factoring Trinomials III
70. 70. Example H. Factor 3x2 – 7x – 2 . We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We find that: 3(–2) + 1(–1) = –7. But this won't work since (–2)(–1) = 2 = c. In fact this trinomial is prime. Factoring Trinomials III
71. 71. Example H. Factor 3x2 – 7x – 2 . We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We find that: 3(–2) + 1(–1) = –7. But this won't work since (–2)(–1) = 2 = c. In fact this trinomial is prime. Factoring Trinomials III There might be multiple matchings for (#)(± #) + (#)( ± #) = b make sure you chose the correct one, if any.
72. 72. Example H. Factor 3x2 – 7x – 2 . We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We find that: 3(–2) + 1(–1) = –7. But this won't work since (–2)(–1) = 2 = c. In fact this trinomial is prime. Factoring Trinomials III Example I: Factor 1x2 + 5x – 6 . There might be multiple matchings for (#)(± #) + (#)( ± #) = b make sure you chose the correct one, if any.
73. 73. Example H. Factor 3x2 – 7x – 2 . We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We find that: 3(–2) + 1(–1) = –7. But this won't work since (–2)(–1) = 2 = c. In fact this trinomial is prime. Factoring Trinomials III Example I: Factor 1x2 + 5x – 6 . We have: 1(+3) + 1(+2) = +5 There might be multiple matchings for (#)(± #) + (#)( ± #) = b make sure you chose the correct one, if any.
74. 74. Example H. Factor 3x2 – 7x – 2 . We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We find that: 3(–2) + 1(–1) = –7. But this won't work since (–2)(–1) = 2 = c. In fact this trinomial is prime. Factoring Trinomials III Example I: Factor 1x2 + 5x – 6 . We have: 1(+3) + 1(+2) = +5 1(+6) + 1(–1) = +5 There might be multiple matchings for (#)(± #) + (#)( ± #) = b make sure you chose the correct one, if any.
75. 75. Example H. Factor 3x2 – 7x – 2 . We start with (3x ± #)(1x ± #). We find that: 3(–2) + 1(–1) = –7. But this won't work since (–2)(–1) = 2 = c. In fact this trinomial is prime. Factoring Trinomials III Example I: Factor 1x2 + 5x – 6 . We have: 1(+3) + 1(+2) = +5 The one that works is x2 + 5x – 6 = (x + 6)(x – 1). 1(+6) + 1(–1) = +5 There might be multiple matchings for (#)(± #) + (#)( ± #) = b make sure you chose the correct one, if any.
76. 76. Factoring Trinomials III Finally, before starting the reverse-FOIL procedure 1. make sure the terms are arranged in order.
77. 77. Factoring Trinomials III Finally, before starting the reverse-FOIL procedure 1. make sure the terms are arranged in order. 2. if there is any common factor, pull out the GCF first.
78. 78. Factoring Trinomials III Finally, before starting the reverse-FOIL procedure 1. make sure the terms are arranged in order. 2. if there is any common factor, pull out the GCF first. 3. make sure that x2 is positive, if not, factor out the negative sign first.
79. 79. Factoring Trinomials III Finally, before starting the reverse-FOIL procedure 1. make sure the terms are arranged in order. 2. if there is any common factor, pull out the GCF first. 3. make sure that x2 is positive, if not, factor out the negative sign first. Example J. Factor –x3 + 3x + 2x2
80. 80. Factoring Trinomials III Finally, before starting the reverse-FOIL procedure 1. make sure the terms are arranged in order. 2. if there is any common factor, pull out the GCF first. 3. make sure that x2 is positive, if not, factor out the negative sign first. Example J. Factor –x3 + 3x + 2x2 –x3 + 3x + 2x2 Arrange the terms in order = –x3 + 2x2 + 3x
81. 81. Factoring Trinomials III Finally, before starting the reverse-FOIL procedure 1. make sure the terms are arranged in order. 2. if there is any common factor, pull out the GCF first. 3. make sure that x2 is positive, if not, factor out the negative sign first. Example J. Factor –x3 + 3x + 2x2 –x3 + 3x + 2x2 Arrange the terms in order = –x3 + 2x2 + 3x Factor out the GCF = – x(x2 – 2x – 3)
82. 82. Factoring Trinomials III Finally, before starting the reverse-FOIL procedure 1. make sure the terms are arranged in order. 2. if there is any common factor, pull out the GCF first. 3. make sure that x2 is positive, if not, factor out the negative sign first. Example J. Factor –x3 + 3x + 2x2 –x3 + 3x + 2x2 Arrange the terms in order = –x3 + 2x2 + 3x Factor out the GCF = – x(x2 – 2x – 3) = – x(x – 3)(x + 1)
83. 83. Factoring Trinomials III Finally, before starting the reverse-FOIL procedure 1. make sure the terms are arranged in order. 2. if there is any common factor, pull out the GCF first. 3. make sure that x2 is positive, if not, factor out the negative sign first. Example J. Factor –x3 + 3x + 2x2 –x3 + 3x + 2x2 Arrange the terms in order = –x3 + 2x2 + 3x Factor out the GCF = – x(x2 – 2x – 3) = – x(x – 3)(x + 1) For factoring problems, try guessing first. If no answer is found, use the ac-method (or the formula) to determine if it is prime or do it by grouping, and always check your answers.
84. 84. Ex. A. Factor the following trinomials. If it’s prime, state so. 1. 3x2 – x – 2 2. 3x2 + x – 2 3. 3x2 – 2x – 1 4. 3x2 + 2x – 1 5. 2x2 – 3x + 1 6. 2x2 + 3x – 1 8. 2x2 – 3x – 27. 2x2 + 3x – 2 15. 6x2 + 5x – 6 10. 5x2 + 9x – 2 B. Factor. Factor out the GCF, the “–”, and arrange the terms in order first. 9. 5x2 – 3x – 2 12. 3x2 – 5x – 211. 3x2 + 5x + 2 14. 6x2 – 5x – 613. 3x2 – 5x + 2 16. 6x2 – x – 2 17. 6x2 – 13x + 2 18. 6x2 – 13x + 2 19. 6x2 + 7x + 2 20. 6x2 – 7x + 2 21. 6x2 – 13x + 6 22. 6x2 + 13x + 6 23. 6x2 – 5x – 4 24. 6x2 – 13x + 8 25. 6x2 – 13x – 8 Factoring Trinomials III 25. 4x2 – 9 26. 4x2 – 49 27. 25x2 – 4 28. 4x2 + 9 29. 25x2 + 9 30. – 6x2 – 5xy + 6y2 31. – 3x2 + 2x3– 2x 32. –6x3 – x2 + 2x 33. –15x2 – 25x2 – 10x 34. 12x2y2 –14x2y2 + 4xy2