Kansas City Regional Clean Cities Coalition


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ITS Heartland 2012
Annual Meeting
Kansas City, MO

Presented by Kelly Gilbert, Coordinator for the Kansas City Regional Clean Cities Coalition

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Kansas City Regional Clean Cities Coalition

  1. 1. KANSAS CITY REGIONAL CLEAN CITIES COALITION Kelly GilbertAlternative Fuels Overview 816-561-1625ITS Heartland 2012 Annual Meeting kgilbert@kcenergy.orgMarch 27, 2012 KC Clean Cities / 1
  2. 2. U.S. Department of Energy Mission To ensure America’s security and prosperity by addressing its energy, environmental, and nuclear challenges through transformative science and technology solutionsKC Clean Cities / 2
  3. 3. Clean CitiesA voluntary, locally-based government-industry partnership Clean Cities Mission: To advance the energy, economic, and environmental security of the U.S. by supporting local decisions to reduce petroleum use in transportation. • Established in 1993; Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992 • Provides a framework for businesses and government agencies to work together • Reduce U.S. petroleum use by 2.5 billion gallons per year KC Clean Cities / 3
  4. 4. Clean Cities Coalitions • Nearly 100 coalitions in 45 states • 775,000 AFVs using alternative fuels • 6,600 fueling stations KC Clean Cities / 4
  5. 5. Clean Cities Stakeholders Coalitions are made up of local and national stakeholders. • 8,400 stakeholders nationwide • 49% private-sector stakeholders • 51% public-sector stakeholders • In KS-MO Clean Cities, now more than 500 stakeholder companies and government agenciesKC Clean Cities / 5
  6. 6. Programs & Projects Midwest Region Alternative Fuels ProjectKC Clean Cities / 6
  7. 7. U.S. Energy Consumption Liquid fuels consumption by sector, 1990-2035 (million barrels per day)Source: Annual Energy Outlook 2011. Energy Information Administration. KC Clean Cities / 7
  8. 8. U.S. Petroleum Trends Petroleum Consumption, Production, and Import TrendsSource: Monthly Energy Review (May 2011) and Annual Energy Review 2009. Energy Information Administration. KC Clean Cities / 8
  9. 9. U.S. Petroleum Trends Sources of Net Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Imports: • Canada (25%) • Saudi Arabia (12%) • Nigeria (11%) • Venezuela (10%) • Mexico (9%) Net Imports and Domestic Petroleum as Shares of U.S. DemandSources: Monthly Energy Review (April 2011). Petroleum Supply Monthly (February 2011). EIA KC Clean Cities / 9
  10. 10. Clean Cities Strategies  Replace petroleum with alternative and renewable fuels  Reduce petroleum use through fuel efficiency measures, smarter driving practices, and idle reduction  Eliminate petroleum use by promoting mass transit, trip elimination, and congestion mitigation Eliminate Clean Cities has saved nearly 3 billion gallons of petroleum since 1993.KC Clean Cities / 10
  11. 11. Clean Cities Portfolio of Technologies Alternative and Renewable Fuels • Biodiesel • Electricity • Ethanol (E85) • Hydrogen • Natural gas • Propane Fuel Economy • Fuel efficient vehicles • Driving habits • Vehicle maintenance Idle Reduction • Technologies • Behavioral changes Trip Elimination • Telecommuting • RidesharingKC Clean Cities / 11
  12. 12. Biodiesel• Domestically produced, renewable • Fatty acid methyl esters (FAME), fuel fatty acid alkyl esters, long-chain mono alkyl esters• Manufactured from vegetable oils, animal fats, restaurant grease• Reduces greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions• Biodegradable and nontoxic• Cleaner-burning replacement for diesel fuel KC Clean Cities / 12
  13. 13. Biodiesel Use• Biodiesel can be blended with diesel in any proportion: B2, B5, B20, B100.• B20 is the most common blend in U.S.• Most OEMs approve up to B5 with no modifications.• Similar payload capacity, range, horsepower, and torque as diesel.• B20 suitable for nearly all unmodified diesel engines.KC Clean Cities / 13
  14. 14. Electricity: Hybrids and Plug-ins Hybrids and plug-in electric vehicles use electricity either as their primary fuel or to improve the efficiency of conventional design Three categories of vehicles: Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) All-Electric Vehicles (EVs)KC Clean Cities / 14
  15. 15. Charging EVs and PHEVs• Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE)• Charging times for fully depleted batteries vary based on type of battery and type of EVSE – Level 1: AC, 120V, 6-20 hours, residential – Level 2: AC, 240V, 3-8 hours, residential and public – Level 3 (in development): AC, 30 minutes, public – DC Fast: DC, 208-600V, 30 minutes, publicKC Clean Cities / 15
  16. 16. Ethanol• Renewable fuel produced from plant materials (biomass)• Same chemical compound in alcoholic beverages• Comes from starchy feedstocks (corn, sugar cane, sugar beets) and cellulosic feedstocks (yard waste, grasses, poplars)• Blended at low levels into 80% of gasoline sold in the United States• Increasingly available as E85, for use in flex fuel vehicles• High-octane fuel• Reduces greenhouse gas emissions KC Clean Cities / 16
  17. 17. Ethanol Blends E10 • Contains 10% ethanol, 90% gasoline • Most common blend in U.S. E15 • Contains 15% ethanol, 85% gasoline • EPA approved for use in MY2001 and newer vehicles E85 • Contains 51%-83% ethanol • Alternative fuel under Energy Policy Act of 1992 • Used in flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs) • Available in most statesKC Clean Cities / 17
  18. 18. Hydrogen• Hydrogen exists in water, hydrocarbons (such as methane), and organic matter.• The energy in 2.2 lb of hydrogen gas is about the same as the energy in 1 gallon of gasoline.• Steam reforming of methane (natural gas) accounts for about 95% of the hydrogen produced in the U.S.• About 9 million tons of hydrogen is produced in the U.S. each year.• Fuel cell vehicles powered by hydrogen potentially 2 to 3 times more efficient than conventional vehicles.KC Clean Cities / 18
  19. 19. Hydrogen Use• Currently used in modified internal combustion engines.• Several OEMs have pre-production light-duty vehicles in demonstration projects.• Hydrogen can be blended with natural gas to create a fuel for natural gas vehicles.KC Clean Cities / 19
  20. 20. Natural Gas Natural Gas • Hydrocarbons, predominantly methane (CH4) • High octane rating • Nontoxic, noncorrosive, and noncarcinogenic • Not a threat to soil, surface water, or groundwater • Extracted from gas and oil wells • Existing pipeline distribution systemKC Clean Cities / 20
  21. 21. Natural Gas: CNG and LNG Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) • Stored in onboard tanks under high pressure • Fuel economy similar to gasoline • 1 GGE = 5.7 lb CNG Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) • Kept at cold temperatures • Stored in double-wall, vacuum-insulated pressure vessels • Heavy-duty vehicles • 1 GGE = 1.5 gal LNGKC Clean Cities / 21
  22. 22. Propane • Also known as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) • Colorless, odorless liquid (when stored under pressure) • High octane rating • Nontoxic • By-product of natural gas processing and crude oil refining • Less than 2% of propane used in U.S. used in transportation • Lower GHG emissionsKC Clean Cities / 22
  23. 23. Propane VehiclesPropane Vehicle Availability• Light-duty vehicles available• Engines and fueling systems for heavy- and medium-duty vehicles• Conversions KC Clean Cities / 23
  24. 24. Coalition Activities • Apr 20 – Electrify Heartland press event to launch project • Apr 30–May 1 – First Responder Training for Alternative Fuels • Late Spring (date tbd) – Biofuels and Idle-reduction Workshop for Fleets and Retailers • July (dates tbd) – Energy Independence Days, biofuels discounts and more, at participating fuel retailers • October 23 – Clean Transportation Exposition • As needed – Technician trainings for gaseous fuels KC Clean Cities / 24
  25. 25. Clean Cities Web ResourcesClean CitiesAFDCFuelEconomy.govKC Clean Cities / 25
  26. 26. Websites and Tools Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (AFDC) Access all of the tools and information at http://www.afdc.energy.gov/afdc/info_resources.html KC Clean Cities / 26
  27. 27. Important Web Sites and ResourcesClean Cities www.cleancities.energy.govAlternative Fuels & Advanced Vehicles Data Center www.afdc.energy.govClean Cities Coordinator Contact Information and Coalitions www.afdc.energy.gov/cleancities/coalitions/coalition_locations.phpTechnical Response Service Email: technicalresponse@icfi.com KC Clean Cities / 27
  28. 28. Contact Information & Important Links Kelly Gilbert Director of Transportation Metropolitan Energy Center 3810 Paseo Blvd. Office: (816) 561-1625 E-mail: KGilbert@KCenergy.org Kansas City Regional Clean Cities Website: www.kcenergy.org/transportation.aspx Clean Cities Website: www.cleancities.energy.gov Fuel Economy Guide and Website: www.FuelEconomy.gov Alternative Fuels & Advanced Vehicles Data Center: www.afdc.energy.gov DOE National Idling Reduction Network : http://www1.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/resources/fcvt_national_idling.html KC Clean Cities / 28