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Importance of information system in raising public awareness about domestic violence

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Across the globe, information system tools have helped fuel social movements. Information system has been shown to strengthen social actors’ ability to challenge and change power relations in society, providing platforms for debate, reflection, influencing and mobilizing people. To better understand the potential of information system to engage especially young people in efforts to prevent domestic violence the Partners for Prevention regional project, Engaging Young Men Through Information system for the Prevention of Domestic violence’ which supported information system awareness campaigns designed to raise awareness and motivate young people to take action to prevent domestic violence has revealed practical lessons from three awareness campaigns on the effective use of information system tools for violence protection.

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Importance of information system in raising public awareness about domestic violence

  1. 1. 1 Importance of information system in raising public awareness about domestic violence in Bangladesh
  2. 2. Mahmudul Hasan ID: 1611017014 Romana Begum ID: 1611017047 Farhana Jahan Liza ID: 1611017049 Masum Hussain ID: 1611017021 Md.Yeasir Arafath ID: 1611017008 Tahfim Ahmed Chy ID:1611017051
  3. 3. Submitted to: Md. Mahbubur Rahaman Assistant Professor (MIS) Department of Business Administration Leading University, Sylhet
  4. 4. Definition of the terms Information system: It is the process means of connecting people that allows for peer-to-peer interaction, and gets people talking with each other on a mass scale. Domestic violence: It means physical abuse, psychological abuse, sexual abuse or economic abuse against a woman or a child of a family by any other person of that family with whom victim is, or has been, in family relationship. Public awareness: It means raising consciousness among the mass people regarding any phenomenon.
  5. 5. Types of Domestic violence (contd.) (a) "Physical abuse“ That is, any act or conduct which is of such a nature as to cause bodily pain, harm, or danger to life, limb, or health or impair the health or development of the victim and includes assault, criminal intimidation and criminal force; (b) "Psychological abuse"- (i) verbal abuse including insults, ridicule, humiliation, insults or threats of any nature; (ii) harassment; or (iii) controlling behaviour, such as restrictions on mobility, communication or self-expression; (c) "Sexual abuse“ That is, any conduct of a sexual nature that abuses, humiliates, degrades or otherwise violates the dignity of the victim;
  6. 6. Types of Domestic violence (d) Economic abuse (i) deprivation of all or any economic or financial resources or property to which the victim is entitled under any law or custom whether payable under any law or custom or an order of a court or any other competent authority; (ii) not allow to use the articles of daily necessities to the victim (iii) deprivation or prohibiting the victim from applying legal rights to her stridhan or dower or alimony or any consideration for marriage or any property owned by the victim; (iv) transferring without consent of the victim or prohibiting the victim from applying legal rights to any assets whether movable or immovable owned by her; (v) deprivation or prohibiting the victim from applying legal rights to continued access to resources or facilities which the victim is entitled to use or enjoy by virtue of the family relationship.
  7. 7. 7 Historical Background  Bangladesh is one of the poorest countries in the world and its estimated prevalence rate of domestic violence is extremely high which, in turn, is ‘an obstacle to the achievement of equality, development and peace” . Violence against women has been recognized as an Human Rights issue since the 1993 World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna, which established that “human rights of women and of the girl-child are an inalienable, integral and indivisible part of universal human rights” (VDPA, Part I, para. 18).  The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action (VDPA) was adopted by 171 States in 1993 (including Bangladesh), and obliges them to work towards the “elimination of violence against women in public and private life”
  8. 8. 8 What are the forms of "cruelty" recognized by the Courts?  Persistent denial of food,  Constantly locking a woman out of the house,  Denying the woman access to children, thereby causing mental torture,  Physical violence,  Taunting, demoralizing and putting down the woman with the intention of causing mental torture,  Confining the woman at home and not allowing her normal social intercourse,  Abusing children in their mother's presence with the intention of causing her mental torture,  Threatening divorce unless dowry is given.
  9. 9. Childhood problems associated with exposure to domestic violence fall into three primary categories: 1) Behavioural, social, and emotional problems Higher Levels Of Aggression, Anger, Hostility, Oppositional Behaviour, And Disobedience; Fear, Anxiety, Withdrawal, And Depression; Poor Peer, Sibling, And Social Relationships; And Low Self-esteem. Childhood Problems (contd.)
  10. 10. 2) Cognitive and attitudinal problems. Lower Cognitive Functioning, Poor School Performance, Lack Of Conflict Resolution Skills, Limited Problem Solving Skills, Pro-violence Attitudes, Belief In Rigid Gender Stereotypes And Male Privilege. 3) Long-term problems. Higher levels of adult depression and trauma symptoms and increased tolerance for and use of violence in adult relationships. Children need to know that there are adults who will listen to them and shelter them. Children need a sense of routine and normalcy. Children need support services to meet their needs. Childhood Problems (contd.)
  11. 11. Children need to learn that domestic violence is wrong and learn non-violent methods of resolving conflicts. Children need adults to speak out and break the silence. In order to protect adult survivors and their children, we engage with : Survivors and her family Community Civil Society organizations Government machinery Childhood Problems
  12. 12. Magnitude Type of GBV Prevalence Males Females Sexual violence 35.4 39.2 60.8 Physical violence 24.6 35.7 64.2 Psycho-social violence 42.9 45.6 54.4 Globally most studies have focused on GBV (Gender based violence) in general A baseline survey on GBV found the following: (NSO, UNFPA & UN Women, 2012)
  13. 13. 13 Affirmative Action  Improve Women's Economic Capacities: Improve women's access to and control of income and assets, recognize her shared right to the family home, and incorporate the principle of division of community property in divorce laws.
  14. 14. 14 Strengthen and expand Training and sensitization Programs  Programme designed to train, sensitize and inter-link those working at critical entry points to identify and treat abused women should be a priority, with one aim being increased accountability across institutions.
  15. 15. 15 Effective use of the Media to build Public Awareness  Mobilisation of communities around campaigns such as that for "Zero Tolerance of Violence" requires improved skills and capacity among NGOs to enter new forms of dialogue with journalists and media personnel to heighten awareness of human rights and their significance for addressing domestic violence.
  16. 16. 16 Addressing Domestic Violence through Education Prevention of domestic violence ultimately depends upon changing the norms of society regarding violence as means of conflict resolution and traditional attitudes about gender. To achieve this, there must be introduction of gender and human rights in the curricula of schools, universities, professional colleges, and other training colleges. Along with this, there must be recognition and commitment to the principle of free compulsory primary and secondary education for girls.
  17. 17. One-Stop Centres (OSCs) Located within a health facility with linkages to other services based outside the facility Provide comprehensive integrated services including health, social welfare and police services to victims violence This reduces secondary victimisation
  18. 18. Victim Support Units (VSUs) Attached to most police stations Provide counselling, legal advice, assistance in prosecutions and sometimes food and temporary accommodation
  19. 19. Strengths on grass-root level interventions Availability of services Service integration Male involvement Multi-sectoral approach Availability of guidelines for the provision of services at OSCs
  20. 20. Challenges on grass-root level interventions Poor publicity of the services Lack of resources Shortage of staff Low prosecution rate – Only 30 percent of cases of violence reported are prosecuted (UN, 2014)
  21. 21. Domestic Violence (Prevention and Protection) Act, 2010  An Act to provide as a signatory state of the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, 1979 and the Convention on the Children’s Right, 1989 and to establish equal rights for women and children guaranteed in the Constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh prevention of domestic violence, protection of women and children from domestic violence and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
  22. 22. 22 Implementation of laws (contd.)  Appointment and empowerment of statutory authorities at the central and state levels.  Preparation of policy statements by such statutory authorities enclosing clear guidelines  Evaluation and auditing the effectiveness of particular laws and the periodic publication.  Upgrading the quality of statistics maintained on women. Each statutory body to conduct yearly surveys in their particular field.  Building capacity of the functionaries appointed under the law such as statutory authorities, police personnel, health personnel, counselors.
  23. 23. 23 Implementation of laws (contd.)  Introducing mechanisms to ensure quicker and simpler procedures for women to obtain legal redress to their problems.  Raising awareness of the services and support available to women facing discrimination, from both governmental and non governmental sources.  Ensuring adequate representation of women in statutory advisory bodies/ policy making bodies.
  24. 24. 24 Implementation of laws  Sustained interactions between different governmental agencies to promote multi agency working.  Allocation of adequate budgets for the proper functioning of the statutory authorities.  Constant monitoring and auditing of accounts by a central authority.  Submission of financial reports to the Auditor General for it to be placed before on the floor of the Parliament or State Legislature as the case may be.
  25. 25. Working with the media • Any presentation of stories, research, or quotes from people who have experienced or committed acts of violence, must protect their confidentiality • You should not use real names unless people specifically agree to be identified. • Take care when presenting research findings, to ensure that the information presented is sufficiently aggregated to ensure that no one community or individual can be identified. • When research findings are used, they must be disseminated in a scientifically rigorous manner. • In certain cases, using an interviewer or interviewee’s name and/or recognizable image is acceptable. • Avoid using images of, or identifying women’s shelters, psychosocial support/counseling centers, etc.
  26. 26. Negative effects of media Some bogus news given in the newspaper may raise blood pressure and create negative feelings in the mind. Over exposure to media may cause health problems also. The advertisements shown in TV and newspaper have got both positive and negative impact. The children learn violence by seeing movies and TV programs. They imitate super heroes they see in the screen which may cause danger to their life. The over exposure to media make them behave more aggressively, which spoils their future also. The children get immense pleasure in playing video games and they spend hours together before computer, surfing through internet. They see both the good and the bad things through media. The parents should make the children to play outdoor games and do physical exercise, diverting their attention from the media.
  27. 27. Roles of newspapers (contd.) • The newspapers can play a very vital role in the reconstruction and regeneration of a nation by highlighting and pin-pointing the social, economic and moral evils in the society. Can be helpful in eradicating these evils from the society. • They can also start propaganda against the economic evils like short- weights and measures, smuggling. Black-marketing income tax evasion hoarding corruption and bribery. Thus the newspapers can help greatly in the nation- building activities. • Newspapers provide some material for every type of interest. They give us stories, the crossword puzzles, the post page, the expert's comments on certain affairs of national and international importance.
  28. 28. Information media & how they contribute in prevention of domestic violence (contd.) Forums and message boards: Internet forums and message boards are online discussion sites where people can hold conversations in the for m of posted messages. They differ from chat rooms in that messages are at least temporarily archived. Blogs: A blog is a web site containing the writer's or group of writers' ow n experiences, observations, opinions, etc., Social networking sites: Social networking is the use of web sites or oth er online technologies to communicate with people and share inform ation, resources, etc. Wikis: A wiki is a Web site that allows anyone to add, delete, or revise c ontent by using a web browser.
  29. 29. Information media & how they contribute in prevention of domestic violence Podcasts: A podcast is a digital audio or video file or recording, usually p art of a themed series that can be downloaded from a Web site to a media player or computer. Image & video sharing: In addition to sharing videos and images, many of these sites also allow users to comment on and/or show support fo r posted videos and images, which can stimulate conversation. Mobile Devices: Mobile devices, such as cell phones and tablets, allow a ccess to websites, downloadable mobile applications, and “push notification” and texting campaigns. Creating mobile websites can be helpful for in dividuals using mobile phones to access information about an violenc e protectors or business.
  30. 30. 30 What can a woman do to prevent domestic violence ? • One option is to get the woman's husband to execute a "bond to keep peace", or a "bond of good behaviour" through the Executive, Magistrate who can order the husband to put a stop to domestic violence. The husband can also be asked to deposit securities (i.e. money or property) that will be forfeited if he continues to act violently.
  31. 31. Duties and Responsibilities of Concern authorities (contd.) Duties and responsibilities of Police Officer.- A Police Officer, who has received a complaint of domestic violence or is otherwise present at the place of an incident of domestic violence or when the incident of domestic violence is reported to him or her, shall inform the victim- (a) of her right to make an application for obtaining a relief by way of any orders under this Act; (b) of the availability of medical services; (c) of the availability of services of the Enforcement Officers; (d) where applicable, of her right to free legal services under the Legal Aid Act, 2000 (Act 6 of 2000); (e) of her right to file a complaint under any other existing law; and (f) other duties and responsibilities prescribed by the government in this behalf.
  32. 32. Duties and Responsibilities of Concern authorities Duties of shelter homes On request by a victim or on her behalf, a police officer, an Enforcement Officer or any other person, the authority responsible for a shelter home shall provide shelter to the victim therein. Duties of medical service provider On request by a victim or on her behalf, a police officer, an Enforcement Officer, a service provider or any other person, the person incharge of the medical facility in the hospital, clinic or medical centre shall provide medical aid to the victim.
  33. 33. Thanks for Patient Hearing

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