WHAT IS FLUENCY?
Speed + Accuracy =
Fluency
Reading quickly and in a
meaningful way (prosody)
Decoding and
comprehending
s...
WHAT CAN FLUENT READERS DO?
Recognize words automatically
Read aloud effortlessly and with
expression
Decode without conce...
FACTORS THAT CAUSE DIFFICULTY WITH FLUENCY
Unfamiliarity with a text
Limited vocabulary
Decoding problems
Syntax problems
HOW SHOULD FLUENCY BE ASSESSED?
Both formally and informally
Sometimes using grade level passages that are timed
Monitor a...
HOW TO BUILD READING FLUENCY
Daily Practice
Repeated Readings
Goal setting
Fluency Graphing to display progress
WHAT DOES REPEATED READING LOOK LIKE?
Read the same passage several times until the
desired rate is reached
Keep reading a...
WHY DO REPEATED READINGS WORK?
Fluency rate increases with each reading
Word recognition errors drop
Improves rate on the ...
RESOURCES
Tompkins, G (2010). Literacy For the 21st Century a Balanced Approach.
Fluency for the elementary student
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Fluency for the elementary student

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Fluency for the elementary student

  1. 1. WHAT IS FLUENCY? Speed + Accuracy = Fluency Reading quickly and in a meaningful way (prosody) Decoding and comprehending simultaneously Did you know …. The word fluency comes from the latin word fluens which means to flow?
  2. 2. WHAT CAN FLUENT READERS DO? Recognize words automatically Read aloud effortlessly and with expression Decode without concentrating on it Focus on comprehension
  3. 3. FACTORS THAT CAUSE DIFFICULTY WITH FLUENCY Unfamiliarity with a text Limited vocabulary Decoding problems Syntax problems
  4. 4. HOW SHOULD FLUENCY BE ASSESSED? Both formally and informally Sometimes using grade level passages that are timed Monitor accuracy and speed Consistent progress monitoring is key
  5. 5. HOW TO BUILD READING FLUENCY Daily Practice Repeated Readings Goal setting Fluency Graphing to display progress
  6. 6. WHAT DOES REPEATED READING LOOK LIKE? Read the same passage several times until the desired rate is reached Keep reading at the same level until the same rate is reached (three times), then move on to a new level and repeat procedure Do it daily! Perform at least 3-4 repetitions of the text each day.
  7. 7. WHY DO REPEATED READINGS WORK? Fluency rate increases with each reading Word recognition errors drop Improves rate on the next passage
  8. 8. RESOURCES Tompkins, G (2010). Literacy For the 21st Century a Balanced Approach.

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