WHAT IS FLUENCY?
Speed + Accuracy =
Reading quickly and in a
meaningful way (prosody)
Did you know …. The word fluency comes from the latin word fluens which
means to flow?
WHAT CAN FLUENT READERS DO?
Recognize words automatically
Read aloud effortlessly and with
Decode without concentrating on it
Focus on comprehension
FACTORS THAT CAUSE DIFFICULTY WITH FLUENCY
Unfamiliarity with a text
HOW SHOULD FLUENCY BE ASSESSED?
Both formally and informally
Sometimes using grade level passages that are timed
Monitor accuracy and speed
Consistent progress monitoring is key
HOW TO BUILD READING FLUENCY
Fluency Graphing to display progress
WHAT DOES REPEATED READING LOOK LIKE?
Read the same passage several times until the
desired rate is reached
Keep reading at the same level until the same rate
is reached (three times),
then move on to a new level and repeat procedure
Do it daily!
Perform at least 3-4 repetitions of the text each
WHY DO REPEATED READINGS WORK?
Fluency rate increases with each reading
Word recognition errors drop
Improves rate on the next passage
Tompkins, G (2010). Literacy For the 21st Century a Balanced Approach.