Building CT's State-Wide Capacity for Food Scrap Recycling


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Organics Workshop-Organics Diversion as Part of the Greater Strategic Shift Away from Disposal: K.C. Alexander & Diane Duva from CT DEEP present Connecticut's Solid Waste Master plan to divert organics from the waste stream.

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Building CT's State-Wide Capacity for Food Scrap Recycling

  1. 1. Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental ProtectionBuilding CT’s State-Wide Capacityfor Food Scrap RecyclingDiane Duva, Assistant Division DirectorKC Alexander, Environmental AnalystWaste Engineering and Enforcement DivisionBureau of Materials Management and Compliance AssuranceMarch 19, 2013MassRecycleR3 Recycling & Organics Conference
  2. 2. CT’s Food Scrap RecyclingInfrastructure Gap:Value to be UnlockedTons
  3. 3. Closing the Organics RecyclingInfrastructure Gap: 3 key steps• Solid Waste Management Plan:–• Where are the generators:– Food Residuals Mapping link• What’s still in the trash:– Waste Characterization linkIf any trouble with links, search key terms at
  4. 4. What is Still in Connecticut’s Trash?
  5. 5. Compostable Materials By WeightOverall Statewide DisposedSource: CT Statewide Solid Waste Composition andCharacterization Study Final Report 2009 – Table 6Material Est. Percent Est. TonsFood Waste 13.5% 321,481Compostable Paper 8.2% 195,185Leaves & Grass 7.2% 172,408Prunings & Trimmings 2.2% 51,550Branches & Stumps 0.4% 10,149Total 31.5% 750,773What is Still in Connecticut’s Trash?
  6. 6. Purpose of Public Act 11-217The purpose of the law is to incentivize companies to establishfacilities in Connecticut so that everyone will have the option toreduce the costs of disposal by recycling food waste rather thandisposing of it.The law is intended to get a valuable resource out of our trashand into local commerce and made into valuable products suchas compost and clean energy.Goals:• Save businesses money through avoided disposal cost savings.• Promote clean energy investments because it provides certaintyof feedstock to clean energy businesses.• Encourage economic development by encouraging businesses tolocate in Connecticut.• Move up the waste management hierarchy to higher value use.
  7. 7. How this law worksThe law requires large-scale commercialgenerators of food waste that generate morethan 104 tons per year [about 2 tons per week],to recycle source-separated organic material,once permitted capacity is available.Applicable to:1. Commercial food wholesalers or distributors2. Industrial food manufacturers or processors3. Supermarkets, [large stores, typically with 69+employees] (CT Food Association supported passage)4. Resorts and conference centers.
  8. 8. Specifics• Definitions of “Source-Separated Organic Material” and“Composting Facility” are in the law: Public Act 11-217.• The law kicks in once we have enough permitted compostingfacilities in the state that can handle the material generatedfrom the above facilities. (May be clarified this legislativesession.)• The law does not apply to municipalities, hospitals, schools, etc.—just large-scale commercial generators.• A generator is not required to divert their food waste to arecycling facility if there is not a recycling facility within 20 milesof the generator.– The reduced disposal costs associated with lower tipping fees at recyclingfacilities vs. at resource recovery facilities and landfills is the economicincentive that will be the real action driver (i.e. we expect generators tolook to recycling facilities for lower-cost options).– This exemption is intended to offset any concerns about mandates.
  9. 9. Proposed Changes to PA 11-217• SB 1081 introduced by Environment Committee on3-7-13. An Act Concerning Recycling and Jobs.• Removes existing implementation language andreplaces with specific dates:– On or after January 1, 2014 those same generators(wholesaler, distributor, processor, supermarket, conf.ctr.), within 20 miles and with 104 tpy shall sourceseparate and ensure recycling at a facility that hasavailable capacity and will accept such materials;– On or after January 1, 2020, ALL those types of generators,within 20 miles regardless of size, shall source separateand ensure recycling at a facility that has availablecapacity and will accept such materials
  10. 10. Sustainable Materials Management:Changing the Way CT Values Trash• Materials Management Summit Series Link– Stakeholder input on direction for organics• Governor’s Recycling Working Group Link– Recommend incentivizing organics recycling• Legislative Event – “Recycling Means Jobs” Link– Organics industry presentation to legislators• CEFIA Anerobic Digestion Pilot Project RFP Link– $6 million over 3 years; 1 project under review• Solid Waste Advisory Committee Link
  11. 11. ContactsDiane Duva, Assistant Director860-424-3271 diane.duva@ct.govChris Nelson, Supervisor,Source Reduction and Recycling Program860-424-3454 chris.nelson@ct.govK.C. Alexander, Organics Recycling SpecialistSource Reduction and Recycling Program860-424-3239 Engineering and Enforcement DivisionBureau of Materials Management & Compliance AssuranceCT Department of Energy and Environmental