PARCC     The Partnership for Assessment of     Readiness for College and Careers    Massachusetts Governing State Visit  ...
A Strong Foundation:                      The Common Core State Standards    • Content Areas       – English language arts...
45 States + DC Have Adopted the                                      Common Core State Standards*Minnesota adopted the CCS...
Key Features of the Common Core             MATHEMATICS                      ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS/LITERACY    Focus on st...
Partnership for Assessment of Readiness    for College and Careers (PARCC)    Governing Board States   Participating States5
PARCC is State-Led                        K-12 and Postsecondary Roles in PARCC    K-12 & Higher Education Faculty and Lea...
PARCC’s Goals    1. Create high-quality assessments    2. Build a pathway to college and career readiness    3. Support ed...
Goal #1: Create High Quality                        Assessments    Priorities of PARCC Assessments:     1. Determine wheth...
Goal #1: Create High-Quality                                           Assessments                               Flexible ...
Goal #1: Create High Quality                           Assessments     The PARCC assessments will allow us to make importa...
Goal #2: Build a Pathway to College and                                 Career Readiness for All Students                 ...
Goal #3: Support Educators in the                        Classroom       INSTRUCTIONAL TOOLS TO                           ...
Goal #4: Make use of technology in all                          phases of the system PARCC’s assessments will be computer-...
Goal #5: Support Accountability • PARCC assessments will be purposefully designed to   generate valid, reliable and timely...
PARCC Timeline                                   SY 2012-13         SY 2013-14        SY 2014-15     Summer 2015     SY 20...
Jeff Nellhaus                Director, PARCC Assessment                            Achieve                   jnellhaus@ach...
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What Is the PARCC Assessment? How Will It Work, and Who Will Benefit?

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Presented by Jeff Nellhaus, Director of PARCC Assessment for Achieve, at the PARCC Massachusetts Launch Conference for Public Higher Education on October 28, 2011, in Leominster, MA. More information about PARCC available at www.mass.edu/parcc and www.parcconline.org.

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  • AchieveCreated in 1996 by the nation's governors and corporate leaders, Achieve is an independent, bipartisan, non-profit education reform organization based in Washington, D.C. that helps states raise academic standards and graduation requirements, improve assessments and strengthen accountability.
  • Completed a little over a year ago. Explicitly designed to be a carefully identified progression of K and S through the grades leading to CCR
  • TALKING POINTS:45 States and the District of Columbia have adopted the Common Core State StandardsMost states are committed to implementing the standards by the 2014-2015 school year
  • TALKING POINTSMATHEMATICSFocus, coherence and clarityFocus on key topics at each grade levelCoherent progressions across grade levelsAddresses long-heard criticism of mile-wide, inch-deep math curriculaProcedural fluency and understanding of concepts and skillsContent standards require both conceptual understanding and procedural fluencyMathematical proficienciesMathematical proficiencies students should develop (e.g., abstract reasoning, modeling,precision, perseverance, strategic use of tools, making arguments)Using mathematics to understand a problem – even in new or unfamiliar contextsOrganized around conceptual categoriesPromotes various approaches to high school curriculumStandards are organized into conceptual categories and models of traditional, integrated, & advanced coursesELA/LITERACYReadingBalance of literature and informational textsFocus on text complexity and what students readWritingEmphasis on argument and informative/explanatory writingWriting about sources (evidence) – answer questions that require students to have readthe textSpeaking and ListeningInclusion of formal and informal talkLiteracy standards for history, science and technical subjectsPromotes the idea that teaching literacy skills is not just the job of the English teacherComplements rather than replaces those subjectsBOTH CONTENT AREASAnchored in college and career readinessExplicitly define the knowledge and skills that students must master to be college and career ready by the end of high school, and the knowledge and skills in each grade that build towards that goal
  • TALKING POINTSWhile adopting CCSS was a great first step, we have all learned that without strong incentives, standards wont be implemented with urgency or fidelity. State assessements based n the standards and linked with accountability measures are needed.PARCC is an alliance of 24 states, educating nearly 25 million students, that are working together to develop a common set of K-12 assessments in English and math anchored in what it takes to be ready for college and careers. PARCC is led by 17 governing board states (and D.C.) represented in Dark Blue. CLICK: The chair of the governing board is Mitchell Chester, Education Commissioner of Massachusetts, and the state of Florida is serving as its fiscal agent. CLICK: Achieve is the project manager for PARCC, essentially serving as the staff for the consortium and coordinating the work. Collectively the PARCC states educate nearly 25 million students.Governing States will pilot and field test the assessment system components over the next three years and administer the new assessment system during the 2014-15 school year. Governing States will use the results from the PARCC assessments in their state accountability systemsThe chief state school officers of the Governing States serve on the PARCC Governing Board and make decisions on behalf of the Partnership on major policies and operational procedures Participating States (light blue) provide staff to serve on PARCC’s design committees, working groups, and other task forces established by the Governing Board to conduct the work necessary to design and develop PARCC’s proposed assessment system.By 2014–15, any state that remains in PARCC must commit to statewide implementation and administration of the Partnership’s assessment system Any PARCC Participating State prepared to make the commitments and take on the responsibilities of a Governing State can become oneNOTESGoverning Board: Comprised of K-12 chiefs from Governing Board StatesTechnical Advisory Committee: Comprised of state/national assessment expertsLeadership Team: Comprised of delegates of K-12 chiefs from Governing Board States (e.g., Assoc. Supt for Curriculum, Assessment and/or Instruction)ACCR: Comprised of national and state postsecondary leadersOperational Working Groups: Comprised of national, state, and local experts and leaders in their specific areas of expertise
  • TALKING POINTS This is a state-led initiative, but the input of those in the field will be crucial. That includes both K-12 teachers and leaders, as well as faculty and leaders from the higher education community. K-12: We have already engaged more than 1,000 educators directly in the process. Some will sit on our content teams and committees that will develop and implement the assessments. Many have provided input through surveys or have simply engaged us in a conversation. We are thrilled to have this involvement and it will only grow as we move forward. This will include the development of K-12 educator cadres that will allow educators the opportunity to learn about PARCC up close and personally, test the instructional tools described above, and get the information they need to educate their peers on PARCC and its related resources.POSTSECONDARY: Our postsecondary community will be vital partners in the creation and implementation of these next generation assessments. This is crucial because the whole point is to make sure we are assessing students for college- and career-readiness. So the postsecondary community will be an important partner in this effort.
  • Create high-quality assessments that measure the full range of the CCSS AND the full range of student achievement, including the achievement of high and low performing students.
  • TALKING POINTSGraphic depiction of the assessment system.The PARCC assessment system will:Better reflect the sophisticated knowledge and skills found in the English and math Common Core State StandardsInclude a mix of item types (e.g., short answer, richer multiple choice, longer open response, performance-based)Make significant use of technologyInclude testing at key points throughout the year to give teachers, parents and students better information about whether students are on track or need additional support in particular areas
  • Based on the priority purposes for the assessments, the PARCC states are designing the assessments so that they enable us to make the following claims about students:ELA/literacy:Students can read and comprehend complex literary and informational textCan write effectively to sourcesHave attained overall proficiency in ELA/literacy – e.g. whether they are “college- and career-ready” in ELA/literacy by the end of high school or are on-track in earlier grades.Mathematics:Students have mastered the knowledge & skills in highlighted domains in mathematics – these are the domains of highest importance for a particular grade level. For example, in grade 4, whether students have mastered numbers and fractions. The highlighted domain varies from grade-level to grade-level, depending on the area of focus emphasized in the CCSS.Have attained overall proficiency in mathematics – e.g. whether they are “college- and career-ready” in mathematics by the end of high school or are on-track in earlier grades.
  • The PARCC assessment system will be aligned to the college- and career-ready, Common Core State Standards, and is being designed to challenge students, help identify when they’re not meeting the standards, and provide targeted instruction, supports and interventions to help them succeedStudents who score proficient on the assessments will know they are on track for the next steps in their education, creating a more meaningful targetIn high school, results will send an early signal about whether students are ready for entry-level, non-remedial courses at higher education institutions in all 25 PARCC statesStudents who are identified as not being on track, or who do not meet the college readiness score, will receive targeted supports and interventionsHigher education partners in PARCC—more than 200 institutions and systems covering nearly 1,000 campuses across the country—have committed to help develop the high school assessments and set the college-ready cut score that will be used to place incoming freshman in credit-bearing college courses
  • TALKING POINTSThe PARCC assessments will be built with the K-12 educator in mind around four different areas. (CLICK) INSTRUCTIONAL TOOLS TO SUPPORT IMPLEMENTATION Content frameworks Sample assessment tasks Model instructional unitsPROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT MODULES Common Assessment 101-103: PD focused on the implementation the new assessments Common Assessment 201-204: PD focused on how to interpret and use the assessment resultsTIMELY STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT DATA Aligned performance-based assessments given throughout year Data reports will be available, designed with teacher use in mindEDUCATOR-LED TRAINING TO SUPPORT “PEER-TO-PEER” TRAINING Training for cadres of K-12 educators around the instructional tools AND around training their peers to use the instructional tools
  • What Is the PARCC Assessment? How Will It Work, and Who Will Benefit?

    1. 1. PARCC The Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers Massachusetts Governing State Visit October 28, 2011 Leominster, MA Jeffrey Nellhaus Director, PARCC Assessment Achieve, Inc. Washington, DC1
    2. 2. A Strong Foundation: The Common Core State Standards • Content Areas – English language arts/literacy – Mathematics • State-Led Effort: Sponsors – Council of Chief State School Officers – National Governors Association • Contributors – K-12 and Higher Education faculty and leaders from across the nation2
    3. 3. 45 States + DC Have Adopted the Common Core State Standards*Minnesota adopted the CCSS in ELA/literacy only
    4. 4. Key Features of the Common Core MATHEMATICS ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS/LITERACY Focus on student mastery of key Address domains of reading, writing, concepts at each grade. language, speaking and listening Call for procedural fluency as well as Give attention to both literary and understanding of concepts and skills informational texts and focus on text complexity Promote rigor through mathematicalpractices that require students to model, Emphasis on argument, informative/ reason, and make math arguments explanatory writing, and research High school standards organized by Include literacy standards for history and conceptual categories, so they can be social sciences, science and technicalorganized into a variety of course options subjects ANCHORED IN COLLEGE AND CAREER READINESS
    5. 5. Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) Governing Board States Participating States5
    6. 6. PARCC is State-Led K-12 and Postsecondary Roles in PARCC K-12 & Higher Education Faculty and Leaders • Will be involved throughout the development of the PARCC assessments and related instructional resources • MA PARCC Leadership Team: Aundrea Kelley and Bob Bickerton Postsecondary Faculty & Leaders, in particular will play a major role in • Defining college- and career-readiness • Identifying the standards that will be emphsized on the high school assessments • Determining the threshold scores on the high school assessments that indicate that students are likely to succeed in entry-level, college, credit-bearing courses6
    7. 7. PARCC’s Goals 1. Create high-quality assessments 2. Build a pathway to college and career readiness 3. Support educators in the classroom 4. Promote innovation and strategic use of technology 5. Provide valid and reliable information for accountability systems7
    8. 8. Goal #1: Create High Quality Assessments Priorities of PARCC Assessments: 1. Determine whether students are college- and career-ready or on track 2. Assess the full range of the Common Core Standards, including standards that are difficult to measure 3. Measure the full range of student performance, including the performance of high and low performing students 4. Provide data during the academic year to inform instruction, interventions and professional development 5. Provide data for accountability, including measures of growth 6. Incorporate innovative approaches throughout the system8
    9. 9. Goal #1: Create High-Quality Assessments Flexible Diagnostic Mid-Year Assessment Performance-Based End-of-Year • Early indicator of • Performance-based Assessment (PBA) Assessment student knowledge • Emphasis on hard to • Extended tasks • Innovative, computer- and skills to inform measure standards • Applications of concepts based items instruction, supports, • Potentially and skills and PD summative ELA/Literacy • Speaking Summative Non-summative • Listening assessment assessment9
    10. 10. Goal #1: Create High Quality Assessments The PARCC assessments will allow us to make important claims about students’ knowledge and skills. • In English Language Arts/Literacy, whether students: – Can Read and Comprehend Complex Literary and Informational Text – Can Write Effectively When Analyzing Text – Have attained overall proficiency in ELA/literacy • In Mathematics, whether students: – Have mastered knowledge and skills in the area of highest importance for a particular grade level – fractions in grade 4; proportional reasoning and ratios in grade 6 – Have attained overall proficiency in mathematics10
    11. 11. Goal #2: Build a Pathway to College and Career Readiness for All Students TargetedK-2 formative Timely student achievement College interventions & assessment data showing students, readiness score supports: being parents and educators to identify who •12th-grade bridgedeveloped, ali whether ALL students are on- is ready for courses gned to the track to college and career college-level • PD for educatorsPARCC system readiness coursework SUCCESS IN High FIRST- K-2 3-8 YEAR, CREDIT- School BEARING, POSTS ECONDARY COURSEWORK ONGOING STUDENT SUPPORTS/INTERVENTIONS11
    12. 12. Goal #3: Support Educators in the Classroom INSTRUCTIONAL TOOLS TO PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT SUPPORT IMPLEMENTATION MODULES K-12 Educator TIMELY STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT EDUCATOR-LED TRAINING TO SUPPORT DATA “PEER-TO-PEER” TRAINING12
    13. 13. Goal #4: Make use of technology in all phases of the system PARCC’s assessments will be computer-based and use technology in a range of ways to: • Item Development – Develop technology enhanced tasks • Administration – Increase access to and provision of accommodations for SWDs and ELLs – Reduce paperwork, increase security, reduce shipping/receiving & storage • Scoring – Make scoring more efficient by using human and automated approaches • Reporting – Produce timely reports of students performance throughout the year to inform instruction, interventions, and professional development13
    14. 14. Goal #5: Support Accountability • PARCC assessments will be purposefully designed to generate valid, reliable and timely data, including measures of growth, for various accountability uses including: – School and district accountability systems – Educator effectiveness – Student placement into college-credit bearing courses – Comparisons with other state and international benchmarks • PARCC assessments may be used for other accountability uses as states deem appropriate (e.g., in MA, the high school competency determination)14
    15. 15. PARCC Timeline SY 2012-13 SY 2013-14 SY 2014-15 Summer 2015 SY 2010-11 SY 2011-12 First year Second year Set Full pilot/field pilot/field achievement Launch and Development administration testing and testing and levels, design phase begins of PARCC related research related research including assessments and data and data college-ready collection collection performance levels15
    16. 16. Jeff Nellhaus Director, PARCC Assessment Achieve jnellhaus@achieve.org 202.419.1540 Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers www.parcconline.org www.achieve.org16

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