What is nature and scope of organisational behaviour

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What is nature and scope of organisational behaviour

  1. 1. What is nature and scope of organisationalbehaviour?Answer:Nature Of Organizational Behavior (OB)Organizational behaviour is an applied behavioral science that is built oncontributions from a number of behavioral disciplines such as psychology,sociology, social psychology, anthropology and economics.So now students lets see how these disciplines are related to organisationalbehaviour,• Psychology. Psychology is the study of human behavior which tries to identify thecharacteristics of individuals and provides an understanding why an individualbehaves in a particular way. This thus provides us with useful insight into areassuch as human motivation, perceptual processes or personality characteristics.• Sociology. Sociology is the study of social behavior, relationships among socialgroups and societies, and the maintenance of social order. The main focus ofattention is on the social system. This helps us to appreciate the functioning ofindividuals within the organization which is essentially a socio-technical entity.• Social psychology. Social psychology is the study of human behaviour in thecontext of social situations. This essentially addresses the problem of understandingthe typical behavioral patterns to be expected from an individual when he takespart in a group.• Anthropology. Anthropology is the science of mankind and the study of humanbehaviour as a whole. The main focus of attention is on the cultural system, beliefs,customs, ideas and values within a group or society and the comparison ofbehaviour among different cultures. In the context of todays organizationalscenario. It is very important to appreciate the differences thatexist among people coming from different cultural backgrounds as people are oftenfound to work with others from the other side of the globe.• Economics. Any organization to survive and sustain must be aware of theeconomic viability of their effort. This applies even to the non-profit and voluntaryorganizations as well.• Political Science Although frequently overlooked, the contributions of political
  2. 2. scientists are significant to the understand arrangement in organizations. It studiesindividuals and groups within specific conditions concerning the power dynamics.Important topics under here include structuring Of Conflict, allocation of power andhow people manipulate power for individual self-interest etc.Read

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