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McCarthyism & The Crucible


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McCarthyism & The Crucible

  1. 1. Joseph Raymond McCarthy<br />&<br />McCarthyism<br />
  2. 2. Joseph Raymond McCarthy<br />“This witch-hunt and anti-communist hysteria became known as McCarthyism”<br />
  3. 3. Joseph Raymond McCarthy was a U.S. senator who during the early 1950s conducted a highly controversial campaign against supposed Communist infiltration of the U.S. government. His accusations and methods of interrogation of witnesses came to be called &quot;McCarthyism,&quot; a term that remains a part of the U.S. political vocabulary. Though he was ultimately censured for his activities by the Senate, McCarthy was, between 1950 and 1954, the most powerful voice of anti-Communism in the United States.<br />&quot;McCarthyism&quot; <br />
  4. 4. McCarthy&apos;s Crusade <br />Despite this failure to produce evidence, McCarthy escalated his anti-Communist crusade. He accused Democratic President HARRY S. TRUMANadministration of harboring Communists and of failing to stop Communist aggression. <br />
  5. 5. The Crucible (Arthur Miller) 1953<br />The Crucible was released, based on the original play written by Arthur Miller in 1953. The movie did not only deal with the Salem witch-hunt of 1692, but was also a metaphor of a dark chapter in American history. This chapter, also known as McCarthyism, occurred during the fifties. <br />
  6. 6. He was then convinced that his art would help to change society by commenting on social and human conditions. <br />He supported dissident writers in Communist Eastern Europe. The Crucible became for him a &quot;developer&quot;, as he said in Timebends. He could almost tell what the political situation in a country was when the play was suddenly a hit there - it was either a warning of tyranny on the way or a reminder of tyranny just past. Not surprisingly, Paul Libin&apos;s production of The Crucible was a hit for nearly two consecutive years in the United States, after McCarthyism was over. <br />Arthur Miller <br />
  7. 7. Alien Registration Act <br />The Alien Registration Act passed by Congress on 29th June, 1940, made it illegal for anyone in the United States to advocate, abet, or teach the desirability of overthrowing the government.<br />The Main objective was to undermine the ACP American Communist Party and other left-wing political groups in the USA.<br />
  8. 8. House un-American Activities Committee<br />Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives, established in 1938 under Martin Dies as chairman, that conducted investigations through the 1940s and &apos;50s into alleged communist activities. Those investigated included many artists and entertainers<br />