JOURNALISM Journalism is the investigation and reporting of events, issues and trends to a broad audience. The activity or profession of writing for Newspapers or Magazines or of Broadcasting News on Radio or Television.
ACRONYMS Acronyms are abbreviations formed from the initial components in a phrase or a word.
CROSS FADE Cross fade is editing that makes a smooth transition between two files. To show something exiting from the scene or other is inserting is cross fade. This method creates a smooth transition, for a short period of time the listener hears both files playing simultaneously.
TALK BACK Is a means of instantaneous communication between the MCR (Master Control Room) and Studio is Talk Back. A system of communications links in a radio studio that enables directions to be given while a program is being produced.
DTH Direct-to-Home broadcast A digital signal transmitted directly from satellite, received through small dish at home or subscriber’s end.
FIX SPOT 1.The continuity of one portion in every episode of some program is fix spot. 2. Commercial spot broadcast at fixed time Example: HBL advertisement broadcast before 8 O clock News
VOICERReport which is based on reporter’s own voice
STAND UP To give report at the actual location.
CROSS SCRIPT When the voice over is different from the video is cross script. It means reporter that reporting the news is entirely different from the video displaying on your television ,there is no connection between them.
ACTUALITY Recoded segment of any event or subject is called actuality.
ADLIB Spontaneous act of speaking Unscripted material to be spoken To improvise and deliver without preparation
FEED Broadcasts sent by radio and TV networks to local stations or by a local station or medium to the headquarters office or other media. The origination point is called the feed point.
DIARY A list of broadcasted programmes in a record is Diary.
DATELINE A dateline is a brief piece of text included in news articles that describes where and when the story occurred. Example Women Entrepreneurship Development Lahore 20-10-2011 By Muhammad Ahmad sheikh (International Broadcaster/ Journalist. Bureau chief Mediaco m
EMBARGO: To hold a story for specific time period is called embargo
TIMELINE: Chronological order of a story is called timeline.
Deep Focus a b : A technique in which objects very near the camera as well as those far away are in focus at the same time. To focus the two persons and also focus their background deeply.
Beat A special area of journalism that a reporter always cover. E.g. health, entertainment.