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Wt p 2.10


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Wt p 2.10

  1. 1. We the People 2.10 How Did the States Govern Themselves After the Revolution?
  2. 2. Key Vocabulary <ul><li>Legislative Supremacy </li></ul><ul><li>Petition </li></ul><ul><li>Popular Sovereignty </li></ul><ul><li>Veto </li></ul>
  3. 3. Basic Ideas About Government in the State Constitutions <ul><li>A. Natural rights and higher law </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a. Purpose: to protect the people’s rights of life, liberty and pursuit of happiness </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Basic Ideas cont. <ul><li>B. Social Contract </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a. The people agree to government (consent to be governed) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b. People give power to government in return for protection </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Basic Ideas cont. <ul><li>C. Popular Sovereignty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The people are the highest authority because they are the source of power </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Basic Ideas cont. <ul><li>D. Representation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a. people are elected to office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b. White men who owned property could vote </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Basic Ideas cont. <ul><li>E. Separation of Powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a. Government was divided into branches: judicial, executive, legislative </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Basic Ideas cont. <ul><li>F. Checks and Balances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a. None of the branches of government had all of the power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b. Branches checked each other </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Basic Ideas cont. <ul><li>G. Legislative Supremacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a. Majority of states set up their government so that the majority (most) power was controlled by the legislative branch </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Problems of Legislative Supremacy <ul><li>A. State governments did not protect property rights of citizens </li></ul><ul><li>B. Factions formed seeking to promote own interests </li></ul>
  11. 11. Problems cont. <ul><li>C. State government taxed and controlled citizens (people) far more than British </li></ul><ul><li>D. State laws interfered with private lives of citizens </li></ul>
  12. 12. Importance of Massachusetts Constitution <ul><li>A. Last state to write its constitution </li></ul><ul><li>B. Distributed power more evenly among branches </li></ul>
  13. 13. Importance cont. <ul><li>C. Governor could veto (refuse to sign laws) proposed by the legislature </li></ul><ul><li>D. Governor could appoint officials in executive and judicial branches </li></ul>
  14. 14. Importance cont. <ul><li>E. Also divided into voting groups based on wealth </li></ul>
  15. 15. All Constitutions had a Declaration of Rights of Citizens <ul><li>Also known as a bill of rights and protected the natural rights of the people </li></ul>
  16. 16. Important Ideas in Virginia Declaration of Rights <ul><li>A. All power comes from and kept by the people </li></ul><ul><li>B. Men are created equal with basic rights </li></ul>
  17. 17. Importance cont. <ul><li>C. Government looks out for common good of people </li></ul><ul><li>(Relate back to Magna Carta and Declaration of Independence) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Importance cont. <ul><li>D. Listed individual rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a. Trial by jury </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b. Protection against self-incrimination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c. Protection against cruel and unusual punishment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>d. freedom of press </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e. Freedom of religion </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Rights Protected in Other States <ul><li>A. Right to vote </li></ul><ul><li>B. Free elections </li></ul><ul><li>C. Freedom of speech and press </li></ul>
  20. 20. Other States cont. <ul><li>D. No taxation without representation </li></ul><ul><li>E. The right to petition (plead for change) to government </li></ul>