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Chapter 17 section 3


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Chapter 17 section 3

  1. 1. “The Ming Dynasty” a. the Mongol rule weakened because of floods, disease, famine, and death of Kublai Khan I. The Ming Restore Chinese Power A. Absolute Rule a. Zhu Yuan Zhang lead rebellion against Mongols b. moved capital to Nanjing c. China returned to a strong, centralized rule d. however, over time, he turned into a despot (defined as a tyrant or dictator) e. Hongwu grew very paranoid about the people plotting against him B. Yongle’s Rule a. after father’s death, his son took power and moved capital to Beijing for China’s return to northern heartland and strengthen defense b. the capital was built to impress visitors, reinforced China as the Middle Kingdom of the world, and at center was the palace called Forbidden City II. Ming Foreign Policy a. China shut itself off from other lands A. The Tributary System a. Tribute: a gift or payment to prevent attacks from other powerful countries b. Ming China traded with parts of Asia and Eastern Africa for goods such as horses, silver, and spices c. China gained peace which allowed for building armies, and projects such as building canals B. The Voyages of Zheng He a. 1405-1433: Yongle sent an official to demonstrate Chinese power and win over more tributary states b. Southeast Asia, India, and Africa with 60 ships and 27,000. C. China Turns Inward a. Yongle’s death ended all foreign travel due to cost b. China turned inward because officials believed that the country had everything needed and foreigners were a threat to culture c. Silk Road became dangerous and it was no longer serving as a trade route D. Contact with Europe a. European merchants refused to pay tribute and were seen by officials as smugglers E. End of the Ming Dynasty a. the Great Wall was built to repel invaders and the despotism cause rebellion and corruption b. end of dynasty 1644