TINA showcase: Introduction

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This video introduces the showcase event held by the Intelligent Airport (TINA) project: http://intelligentairport.org.uk.

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TINA showcase: Introduction

  1. 1. The INtelligent Airport (TINA)<br />Showcase Event<br />Welcome<br />Ian White<br />8 January 2010, Cambridge<br />
  2. 2. The Challenges of Airport Infrastructure<br /><ul><li>Have advanced greatly in recent years
  3. 3. Demand for IT infrastructure is immense
  4. 4. Hard to remember what it used to be like!</li></ul>Source: African Capital Airport, 2008<br />
  5. 5. The Challenges of Airport Infrastructure<br /><ul><li>Now require a plethora of advanced services</li></li></ul><li>The INtelligent Airport<br />Project Aims<br />To develop a next generation<br />advanced wired and wireless network for future airport environments<br />
  6. 6. The INtelligent Airport<br />Project Aims<br />To develop a next generation<br />advanced wired and wireless network for future airport environments<br />
  7. 7. The INtelligent Airport<br />Project Aims<br />To develop a next generation<br />advanced wired and wireless network for future airport environments<br />
  8. 8. The INtelligent Airport<br />Project Aims<br />To develop a next generation<br />advanced wired and wireless network for future airport environments<br />
  9. 9. The INtelligent Airport<br />Project Aims:To develop a next generation advanced wired and wireless network for futureairport environments<br />Project Objectives:<br />To study the feasibility of a single multi-service infrastructure to replace the many independently installed systems characteristic of current installations<br />2. To determine new system architectures which provide dynamic capacity allocation, wireless/wired interworking and device location<br />3. To determine new algorithms for addressing and routeing, able to operate seamlessly in a combined wired and wireless environment<br />4. To design a new form of wireless signal distribution network where multiservice antenna units cooperate, not only to provide communication, but also to provide identification and location services<br />5. In collaboration with our industrial partners, to define and build small proof of principle demonstrators using the proposed architectures and technologies<br />
  10. 10. The INtelligent Airport<br />Project Aims:To develop a next generation advanced wired and wireless network for futureairport environments<br />Project Objectives:<br />To study the feasibility of a single multi-service infrastructure to replace the many independently installed systems characteristic of current installations<br />2. To determine new system architectures which provide dynamic capacity allocation, wireless/wired interworking and device location<br />3. To determine new algorithms for addressing and routeing, able to operate seamlessly in a combined wired and wireless environment<br />4. To design a new form of wireless signal distribution network where multiservice antenna units cooperate, not only to provide communication, but also to provide identification and location services<br />5. In collaboration with our industrial partners, to define and build small proof of principle demonstrators using the proposed architectures and technologies<br />
  11. 11. The Applications Challenge<br />
  12. 12. The Applications Challenge<br />Services to be supported in airport environment (mean data rates):<br />1,000 Fixed and 500 Mobile Video Cameras - 10 Gb/s<br />500 Displays - 10 Gb/s<br />500 Biometric Scanners - 10 Gb/s<br />Private and Public Fixed and Wireless LAN - 20 Gb/s<br />Cellular services - 10 Gb/s<br />TETRA and private radio - 0.5 Gb/s<br />Passive RFID - 0.2 Gb/s <br />Active locatable RFID - 5 Gb/s<br />Aggregate Mean Rate 65.7 Gb/s, assumed Aggregate Peak Rate 100 Gb/s<br />and<br />The system must be upgradeable, scalable, resilient and secure<br />
  13. 13. Current Airport Installations<br />Main Hub<br /> Hub<br />Base Station<br />Cellular/PCS/Pagers<br />Tetra/PDAs/Private Radio<br />Antenna<br />Unit<br />Antenna<br />Unit<br />Wireless Coverage Area<br />Main Hub<br /> Hub<br />Cellular <br />Operator 2<br />Base Station<br />Cellular/PCS/Pagers<br />Tetra/PDAs/Private Radio<br />Antenna<br />Unit<br />Antenna<br />Unit<br />IT Closet<br />X n<br />Access<br />Point<br />Access<br />Point<br />Ethernet switch<br />< 100m<br />802.11<br />WLAN<br />Server<br />Fixed Ethernet<br />IT Equipment Room(s)<br />
  14. 14. First Phase Airport Network<br />IT Room<br />RfID <br />Antenna<br />Unit<br />Antenna<br />Unit<br />Single Wired/<br />Wireless<br /> Infrastructure<br />Central Units<br />WLAN, Cellular RFID Coverage<br />Cellular <br />Operators<br />Antenna<br />Unit<br />Antenna<br />Unit<br />WLAN, Cellular RFID Coverage<br />Data<br />Server<br />Splitter/<br />Combiner Unit<br />Splitter/<br />Combiner Unit<br />
  15. 15. The INtelligent Airport<br />Project Aims:To develop a next generation advanced wired and wireless network for futureairport environments<br />Project Objectives:<br />To study the feasibility of a single multi-service infrastructure to replace the many independently installed systems characteristic of current installations<br />To determine new system architectures which provide dynamic capacity allocation, wireless/wired interworking and device location<br /> - To do this we need to understand how people use airports<br /> - And where their communication requirements are<br /> - The first aspect of the work is therefore to develop a flow model<br />
  16. 16. System Architecture Studies<br />Passenger flow and data traffic models leading to spatial distribution of bandwidth requirements in the terminal<br />Genetic algorithm optimisation to identify optimum number, capacity and location of BS/AU given the highly variable traffic demand in this application <br />Load balancing among BS using Relay Nodes<br />Network design tool<br />
  17. 17.
  18. 18. The INtelligent Airport<br />Project Aims:To develop a next generation advanced wired and wireless network for futureairport environments<br />Project Objectives:<br />To study the feasibility of a single multi-service infrastructure to replace the many independently installed systems characteristic of current installations<br />2. To determine new system architectures which provide dynamic capacity allocation, wireless/wired interworking and device location<br />3. To determine new algorithms for addressing and routeing, able to operate seamlessly in a combined wired and wireless environment<br />4. To design a new form of wireless signal distribution network where multiservice antenna units cooperate, not only to provide communication, but also to provide identification and location services<br />5. In collaboration with our industrial partners, to define and build small proof of principle demonstrators using the proposed architectures and technologies<br />
  19. 19. The Network Scenario<br />The Airport Network must be protocol agnostic<br />Ethernet good base as it is ubiquitous, but<br />Poor scalability<br />RSTP makes inefficient use of the network resources<br />Our solution - A Modified Ethernet which must:<br />be compatible with standard Ethernet end nodes<br />route more intelligently (shortest paths; failure avoidance)<br />be more scalable<br />
  20. 20. The solution: MOOSEMulti-layer Origin-Organised Scalable Ethernet<br />Introduce hierarchy into MAC addresses<br />switch ID : node ID<br />Addresses rewritten by switches<br />Switches only need track switch IDs not entire addresses<br />Limit now ~8000 switches not ~8000 nodes<br />Say 100 nodes connected to each switch<br />=> 100 fold scalability improvement<br />Transparent to standard Ethernet end nodes<br />Now being implemented<br />
  21. 21. The INtelligent Airport<br />Project Aims:To develop a next generation advanced wired and wireless network for futureairport environments<br />Project Objectives:<br />To study the feasibility of a single multi-service infrastructure to replace the many independently installed systems characteristic of current installations<br />2. To determine new system architectures which provide dynamic capacity allocation, wireless/wired interworking and device location<br />3. To determine new algorithms for addressing and routeing, able to operate seamlessly in a combined wired and wireless environment<br />4. To design a new form of wireless signal distribution network where multiservice antenna units cooperate, not only to provide communication, but also to provide identification and location services<br />5. In collaboration with our industrial partners, to define and build small proof of principle demonstrators using the proposed architectures and technologies<br />
  22. 22. Multi-Service Radio Distribution Network <br />First demonstration of communications<br />and sensing functions over single DAS<br />
  23. 23. Active RFID Tracking<br />Measured output frequency variation with time.<br />Battery powered Analog Devices AD9910 direct digital synthesizer (DDS) evaluation board.<br />Programmed FM chirp from 216.5 MHz to 300 MHz with 900 MHz sampling clock.<br />900 MHz<br />Clock<br />Bandpass filtered and amplified<br />DDS output spectrum<br />Frequency (Hz)<br />Fundamental chirp<br />Image chirps<br />
  24. 24. Active Tag Location Results Summary<br />30 measurements taken @ each of 30 chosen locations<br />Mean error distance: 1.1 m or better @ 29 out of 30 locations<br />Overall positional error: 0.72 m RMS<br />Upper no.: Mean error distance (m)<br />Lower no.: Standard deviation (m)<br />
  25. 25. DAS system<br />-64<br />-66<br />-60<br />-68<br />-70<br />-80<br />-70<br />-90<br />-100<br />Received power (dBm)<br />-72<br />-110<br />-120<br />-74<br />-130<br />-140<br />-76<br />-150<br />-78<br />-160<br />10<br />-80<br />8<br />6<br />4<br />6<br />2<br />4<br />-82<br />0<br />2<br />-2<br />0<br />-4<br />(m)<br />(m)<br />Passive Tag – 3 Antenna DAS<br />for Coverage Extension<br />Optimum DAS settings improves the read location success rate to 100% in a 100 m2 grid (room size limited)<br />
  26. 26. AU3<br />Rx<br />Tx<br />Zinwave Hub<br />Intel R1000 Firmware<br />DAS Processing<br />Intel R1000<br />Rx<br />AU2<br />Intel Transceiver R1000<br />AU1<br />AU3<br />AU2<br />Alien Tag<br />Tag<br />Alien Tag<br />Tag<br />Alien Tag<br />Tag<br />Alien Tag<br />Tag<br />Alien Tag<br />Tag<br />AU1<br />Rx<br />Tx<br />DAS RFID System<br />Tx<br />
  27. 27. Demonstration of a Passive RFID Tracking/Location System<br />
  28. 28. P R O G R A M M E<br />1000 Welcome and Overview of the TINA Project: Ian White, Electrical Engineering, University of Cambridge<br />1020 Project Advances (FW11)<br /> RF Bandwidth Mapping: An Airport Simulator: Jaafar Elmirghani<br /> MOOSE: A new scalable network infrastructure: Jon Crowcroft<br /> Tracking using Active RFID tags: Alwyn Seeds/Paul Brennan<br /> Passive RFID airport applications: Richard Penty<br /> Discussion<br />1140 The Hong Kong TINA Project: Dr Henry Chan, Hong Kong Polytechnic University<br />1200 Tour of Demonstrators Room (FW26)<br />1300 Lunch and Close (FW09)<br />
  29. 29. Thank You!<br />

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