Dorothea orem’s self care theory

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Dorothea orem’s self care theory

  1. 1. DOROTHEA OREM’s SELF-CARE THEORY<br />
  2. 2. THREE SUB THEORIES<br /> Self Care Theory<br />Self Care Deficit Theory<br />Nursing Systems Theory<br />
  3. 3. Self Care Theory<br />Self-Care<br />The practice of activities that individuals personally initiate and perform on their own behalf in maintaining health, life, and well-being.<br />
  4. 4. When self-care is effectively performed, it helps to maintain structural integrity and human functioning, and it contributes to human development<br />
  5. 5. Self Care Theory<br />Self-care agency<br />- complex acquired ability to meet one’s continuing requirements for care that regulates life processes; maintains integrity of human structure, functioning and development and promotes well being (Orem,1991)<br />Basic conditioning factors that affect an individual’s ability to engage in self-care:<br /> age<br /> gender<br /> developmental state<br /> health state<br />sociocultural orientation<br />family system factors<br />resource adequacy and availability <br />
  6. 6. Self Care Theory<br />Self-Care Requisites<br /> - actions or measures used to provide self care<br />Three Categories:<br />Universal self-care requisites<br />Developmental self-care requisites<br />Health-deviation self-care requisites<br />
  7. 7. Self-Care Requisites<br />Universal self-care requisites - common to all individual<br />Sufficient intake of air<br />Sufficient intake of water<br />Sufficient intake of food<br />Satisfactory eliminative functions<br />Activity balanced with rest<br />Balanced time spent alone and with others<br />Prevention of danger to self<br />Being Normal<br />
  8. 8. Self-Care Requisites<br />Developmental self-care requisites <br />Two Categories:<br />Conditions that support life processes and promote specific developmental stages.<br />Conditions affecting human development.<br />
  9. 9. Developmental self-care requisites <br />Conditions that support life processes and promote specific developmental stages.<br />Intra-uterine life and birth<br />Neonatal life<br />Infancy<br />Childhood<br />Adolescence<br />Adulthood<br />Pregnancy<br />
  10. 10. Developmental self-care requisites<br />CONDITIONS AFFECTING HUMAN DEVELOPMENT<br />Provision of care to prevent occurrence of deleterious effects of adverse conditions. <br />Example: <br /> Provision of adequate rest and nutrition during pregnancy.<br />Provision of care to prevent or overcome existing or potential deleterious effects of particular conditions or life events.<br /> - Educational deprivation<br /> - Social adaptation problem<br /> - Loss of significant others<br /> - Loss of possessions or job<br /> - Sudden change in living <br /> condition<br /> - Change in status <br /> (social/economic)<br /> - Poor health / disability<br /> - Terminal illness or <br /> expected death<br /> - Environmental hazards<br />
  11. 11. Health-deviation self-care requisites<br />Needs resulting from an illness, injury or its treatment<br />
  12. 12. Health-deviation self-care requisites<br />Six Categories:<br /> 1. Seeking and securing appropriate medical assistance<br />2. Being aware of and attending to the effects and results of pathologic conditions and states<br />3. Effectively carrying out medically prescribed diagnostic, therapeutic and rehabilitative measures<br />
  13. 13. Health-deviation self-care requisites<br /> 4. Being aware of and attending to or regulating the discomforting or deleterious effects of prescribed medical care measures<br />5. Modifying the self – concept in accepting oneself as being in a particular state of health and in need of specific forms of health care<br />6. Learning to live with the effects of pathologic conditions and states of medical diagnostic and treatment measures in a life-style that promotes continued personal development<br />
  14. 14. REFERENCES:<br />Anonuevo, C. Abaquin, C. et. al. (2000). Theoretical Foundations of Nursing. Philippines: UP Open University. <br />http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/494735/selfcare_deficit_theory_pg2.html?cat=5<br />

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