DON’T ASK , DON’T TELL Homosexuality in the  United States Military by Mary Zancocchio
Homosexuality in the Military <ul><li>Military organizations around the world have various policies regarding the enlistme...
Foreign Policies <ul><li>Out of 26 countries comprising NATO, over 20 allow homosexual and bisexual people to join the mil...
Policies Around the World <ul><ul><ul><li>Orange = ambiguous policies on homosexuality in military </li></ul></ul></ul><ul...
United States Policy <ul><li>The United States has a “don’t ask, don’t tell policy. </li></ul><ul><li>While not banned, be...
United States Policy <ul><li>This policy was proposed by President Clinton , who proposed that homosexuals should be allow...
United States Policy <ul><li>In 1999, 1034 members of the U.S. military were discharged for being homosexual, a 73%  incre...
WHY ? <ul><li>The don’t ask, don’t tell policy was created because of a belief that open homosexuality in the military end...
Historical Background <ul><li>The ancient Greeks believed that homosexuality among soldiers was beneficial, helping to cre...
Gender <ul><li>There is no differentiation between homosexual males or homosexual females in the United States military; b...
Religious Influences <ul><li>There are opposing viewpoints on the issue of allowing homosexuals to serve in the U.S. milit...
Political / Legal Influences <ul><li>As a result of colleges enforcing regulations that ban discrimination against homosex...
Political / Legal Influences <ul><li>In response to colleges banning recruiters because of this policy, laws have been pas...
Political / Legal Influences <ul><li>In 2006, the Supreme Court ruled that the Solomon Amendment , the law allowing this w...
Recent Changes <ul><li>The 2008 Democratic National Platform supports the inclusion of homosexuals in the military. </li><...
References <ul><li>Homosexuals in the military: where do candidates stand?  Center for Military Readiness  [online]  Augus...
References <ul><li>Gays in the military.  International Debate Education Association [online]  November 2000. Available fr...
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Dont Ask Dont Tell

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Dont Ask Dont Tell

  1. 1. DON’T ASK , DON’T TELL Homosexuality in the United States Military by Mary Zancocchio
  2. 2. Homosexuality in the Military <ul><li>Military organizations around the world have various policies regarding the enlistment of lesbian, gay, or bisexual individuals. </li></ul><ul><li>The policies vary from banning these individuals to welcoming them without restriction. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Foreign Policies <ul><li>Out of 26 countries comprising NATO, over 20 allow homosexual and bisexual people to join the military. </li></ul><ul><li>China does not allow homosexuals to serve in the military. </li></ul><ul><li>Russia permits gay men to serve only during wartime. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Policies Around the World <ul><ul><ul><li>Orange = ambiguous policies on homosexuality in military </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blue = no policy against homosexuality in military </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Red = homosexuality banned in military </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. United States Policy <ul><li>The United States has a “don’t ask, don’t tell policy. </li></ul><ul><li>While not banned, being a homosexual in the military subjects the individual to secrecy; he / she faces discharge if openly homosexual. </li></ul>
  6. 6. United States Policy <ul><li>This policy was proposed by President Clinton , who proposed that homosexuals should be allowed in the military only if they kept their sexuality a secret. </li></ul>
  7. 7. United States Policy <ul><li>In 1999, 1034 members of the U.S. military were discharged for being homosexual, a 73% increase from prior to the policy. </li></ul>
  8. 8. WHY ? <ul><li>The don’t ask, don’t tell policy was created because of a belief that open homosexuality in the military endanger the teamwork, organization and discipline necessary for military efficiency and safety. </li></ul><ul><li>There are no studies that prove any detrimental effect from allowing homosexuals to serve in the military. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Historical Background <ul><li>The ancient Greeks believed that homosexuality among soldiers was beneficial, helping to create strong bonds and increase bravery. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Gender <ul><li>There is no differentiation between homosexual males or homosexual females in the United States military; both must be kept secret. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Religious Influences <ul><li>There are opposing viewpoints on the issue of allowing homosexuals to serve in the U.S. military. </li></ul><ul><li>While some conservative religious groups openly oppose homosexuality in the military, others have become advocates of homosexuals in the military. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Political / Legal Influences <ul><li>As a result of colleges enforcing regulations that ban discrimination against homosexuals on campuses, some schools have banned military recruitment because of the “don’t ask, don’t tell” policy. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Political / Legal Influences <ul><li>In response to colleges banning recruiters because of this policy, laws have been passed that take away federal funding from colleges that ban military recruitment. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Political / Legal Influences <ul><li>In 2006, the Supreme Court ruled that the Solomon Amendment , the law allowing this withholding of funding, was not unconstitutional. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Recent Changes <ul><li>The 2008 Democratic National Platform supports the inclusion of homosexuals in the military. </li></ul><ul><li>Human rights groups such as the ACLU are working for the repeal of the “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” law passed in 1993. </li></ul>
  16. 16. References <ul><li>Homosexuals in the military: where do candidates stand? Center for Military Readiness [online] August 2008. Available from http://cmrlink.org/printfriendly.asp?docID=339 </li></ul><ul><li>Gays in the U.S. military. Religious Tolerance.Org [online] November 2008. Available from www.religioustolerance.org/hom_mili.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual orientation and military service. Wikipedia [online] November2008. Available from </li></ul><ul><li> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sexual_orientation_and_military_service </li></ul>
  17. 17. References <ul><li>Gays in the military. International Debate Education Association [online] November 2000. Available from </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.idebate.org/debatabase/topic_details.php?topicID=103 </li></ul><ul><li>Nasaw, D., 2008. Obama wants progressive plan for homosexuals in the military. Guardian.com.uk [online] April 2008. Available from </li></ul><ul><li> http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/apr/10/barackobama.uselections2008 </li></ul>

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