Where do you live, Mate?
States and Territories of Australia
Australia is divided into states and territories? (DOK1)
∗ New South Wales
∗ South Australia
∗ Western Australia
∗ Northern Territory
∗ Australian Capital Territory
Where Do You Live
∗ Australia most likely has a unitary structure because it
is divided into states and territories. (DOK2)
∗ False- Australia is a federation. States and territories
have local governments. These local governments
share power with central government.
Western Australia must have the largest population
because it has the largest land size. (DOK2)
False- Land size can hold larger populations, but other
factors can influence whether a region is densely
∗ Larger states and territories can fit more people comfortably.
∗ Queensland, Western Australia and the Northern Territory are all
larger. However, large land size doesn’t always mean the state will
have a large population. Other factors also influence this.
∗ The states and territories in western Australia make
up the Outback. This region is arid and sparsely
populated. (DOK 1)
∗ True- Over 70% of the land in Australia is desert. This
region is sparsely populated.
∗ Most people live in climates that are mild and receive adequate
∗ The states that have the mildest climates and most adequate
rainfall are New South Wales and Victoria. Tasmania has a pleasant
climate, but it is isolated from the rest of Australia. Queensland
has a milder climate, but it is covered in humid rainforests. The ACT
is very small, but its climate is the same as New South Wales The
Northern Territory, Western Australia, and South Australia are
very arid. The Great Dividing range keeps rainfall from these
regions. This area is called the Outback.
∗ Most of Australia’s agriculture takes place in New South
Wales and Victoria near the Murray and Darling Rivers. This
area is also rich in copper and oil.
∗ Western Australia and South Australia are homes to sheep
stations and wheat fields. Australia leads the world in wheat
and wool production. It is rich in gold, copper, iron and other
∗ Queensland offers land suitable for cattle and sugar cane. It is
also rich in copper.
Arable Land/ Agriculture/Natural
Even though Australia is very dry and has little arable
land, it leads the world in production of wheat and wool
and other agricultural goods. (DOK 1)
True- The arid regions of South Australia and Western
Australia lead the world in both of these agricultural
goods. They dig deep artesian wells to accomplish this.
Most of Australia’s cities are located on the western
coast because the states are larger in the west. (DOK2)
False- Most of the cities are located near the eastern
coast where the climate is milder, and there are major
∗ Most of Australia’s cities are located on the southeastern
∗ Sydney, New South Wales
∗ Melbourne, Victoria
∗ Brisbane, Queensland
∗ Perth, Western Australia
∗ Gold Coast-Tweed, New South Wales and Queensland
∗ New Castle, New South Wales
∗ Canberra, ACT
∗ Queensland and Western Australia have the largest
population because they are the largest states. (DOK
∗ False- Victoria and New South Wales are smaller in
land size, but both have larger populations because
the climate, rivers, and resources make it a better to
place to live.
∗ Northern Territory- 232, 400
∗ ACT- 370, 700
∗ Tasmania- 511, 700
∗ South Australia- 1,645,00
∗ Western Australia- 2, 387,200
∗ Queensland- 4,513,000
∗ Victoria- 5,574,500
∗ New South Wales- 7,247,700
∗ 1. The Outback includes the Northern Territory, South
Australia and Western Australia. Why don’t many
people live in these regions? (DOK 2)
∗ 2. Why do most Australians live on the southeastern
coast of Australia? (DOK 2)
∗ 3. Which state or territory would you want to live in?
Why? Give evidence. (DOK 3)