S-C-L With your partner, discuss… What do you think a treaty is?
In November 1918 Germany surrenders to the Allied countries. The most powerful ones, being France, USA and Britain, wanted to create a treaty that clearly explained what Germany would now have to do. BUT WHAT SHOULD THEY DO?
S-C-L With your partner, discuss… Punish? Rebuild? Take Over? or Revenge? What would you have done and why?
Allied countries could not agree on what thetreaty should include, but... They could agree on WHERE it should take place:A French palace in a city called Versailles (nearParis)W After World War I, leaders from countries involved inH the war met here to write a treaty (peace talks)Y Treaty outlined the terms of the winners and what they expected of the losing country
Many Historians believe that disagreements happened because the war affected thecountries in many different ways.WHAT COUNTRIES WERE INVOLVED...
The British Prime Minister thought that if the Treaty was too harsh, then Germany might one day start another war. Some British people blamed 750,000 menGermany for the diedwar and wanted revenge Spent nearly $8 billion of which $1 billion was borrowed from the USA I don’t want to cripple Germany in the Treaty. I think that this could start another war in the future, but people in Britain want Germany to pay.
They joined in 1917 and lost 113,000 men. USA wanted a ‘softer’ treaty USA’s homeland wasbecause they thought Germany never attackedwas important for the future... Woodrow Wilson: I don’t agree with France. It’s probably because we didn’t suffer nearly as much as the French. However, I want to focus upon setting up the League of Nations. The U.S. did not join the League of Nations for fear of being drawn into more wars. This also means the U.S. did not sign the Treaty of Versailles.
Most of the fighting Germany stole 90%took place in Northern of France’s coal France. and iron in 1914 Many roads and 1,250,000 factories had been men died destroyed I want to make sure that Germany pays for the problems it has caused us. We suffered the most in World War I, and we demand revenge and reparations Clemencau
S-C-L With your partner, discuss… Which country do you agree with most and why?
“SIGN THE TREATY OR WE WILL INVADE YOU……IT’S YOUR CHOICE!” 28 June 1919FRANCE USA The treaty was dictated to Germany-- they did not have a say in it.BRITAIN
WHAT DID THE TREATY ACCOMPLISH? LEAGUE OF NATIONS This organization of PAY COMPENSATION nations would GERMANY’S EMPIRE cooperate to keepThis was known as peace. All of Germany’s colonies were taken away and given reparations. away to the Allied Germany had to countries. Treaty of pay $33 billion Versailles dollars. MASSIVE ARMY CUTS GERMAN LAND GIVEN AWAY The Army was cut to just Germany lost land to France, 100,000 men, the Navy could Poland, Belgium, and only have 6 battleships, and Denmark. An area ofthey were not allowed to build Germany was even any new planes, tanks, or separated from the submarines. mainland.
Land taken away from Germany under the treaty of VersaillesNot only did Germany lose about 10% of its land, it also consequently lost 10% of its population. German people were now living in foreign countries.
S-C-L With your partner, discuss… What do you think will happen as a result of the Treaty of Versailles?
Excerpt from a German newspaper on the day the treaty was signed...“Today in the Hall of Mirrors ofVersailles the disgraceful Treaty isbeing signed.Do not forget it. The Germanpeople will press forward toreconquer the place amongnations to which we deserve.Then will come revenge for theshame of 1919.”
Germany was a proud country due to its military strength and strong traditions of dominance withinthat area of Europe. However, the treaty of Versailles created different feelings:
The war had left Germany almost bankrupt. As its people starved and the country lay inchaos, the Allies gavethem a bill (Treaty of Versailles) that they simply could not afford to pay... RESULT: German money become worthless German money was only good for starting fires…
HOW DID THE U.S. HELP GERMANY?The Dawes Plan Reduced the amount Germany owed Set payments Germany could handle Loaned Germany $200 million
Worldwide Depression Germany wasn’t the only country who suffered In the 1930s, countries around the world fell into a worldwide economic depression WHY?...
USAs Economic Depression1929—USA experienced astock market crash Value of stocks began to drop so stockholders began to sell their stocks as fast as they couldBusinesses could no longersell their goods becausepeople had less money tospend, so many had to close &workers lost their jobsPeople couldn’t repay theirloans to the bank, so they losteverything (homes, farms,etc.)
Worldwide Economic Depression Businesses around the world traded with the US: When the US stopped buying goods, it hurt businesses in other countries When US banks closed, banks in other countries were hurt too Stockholders in other countries could no longer sell their stocks to American companies As businesses and factories around the world closed one by one, buying and selling almost stopped…