Week 27 day 2- unit 7- fall of aztec and incas


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Week 27 day 2- unit 7- fall of aztec and incas

  1. 1. Good Morning 2/20/13 Good Morning! 1/10/12 Good Morning! 1/10/12EQ: How did the empires of the Aztec andIncas fall?HW: study vocab. Sponge#1. Take out your homework (venndiagram)#2. Name two impacts of Europeancolonization of South America
  2. 2. Take out a sheet of paper
  3. 3. Aztec IncasLocation Mexico and Central America Colombia, Peru, Chile (western South America) Andes MntsDates 1250- 1521 AD 1438-1532 AD 1428-1521 ADFact #1 Had human sacrifice- saw Large empire and organized death as honorable society/Sapa Inca- leader of the Montezuma II- Leader IncasFact #2 Capital city- Tenochtitlan Cuzco- Capital City Nahuatl- Language Quecha languageReligion Quetzalocoat- sky god Blamed earthquakes on god Had human sacrifice Pachacamac Polytheistic - Sacrificed childrenAccomplishment #1 roads, bridges, taxes Quipu- a rope with knotted cords of different lengths and colors- kept recordsAccomplishment #2 Farmers- Chinampas Thousands of miles of roads and bridges- master craftsman
  4. 4. Fall of the Aztec & Incan Empires Unit Eight Notes
  5. 5. The race is on…Spain Vs. Portugal Christopher Columbus asks both countries to sponsor his voyage--Spain agrees. Portugal saw the wealth that Spain was gaining, and wanted to be part of the action. Countries became rivals and tried to stop each other from claiming land in the Americas.
  6. 6. Spanish Conquistadors soldier-explorerswho settled in the Americas in hopes of finding treasure inspired by Columbus to seek fortune in the New World Many came from the part of Spain called Extremadura. – poor soil, icy winters, & blistering hot summers held little chance for wealth – Hernan Cortes was born in this province
  7. 7. Why did Conquistadorswant to explore?
  8. 8. Spanish Conquistadors
  9. 9. Hernan Cortes - Aztec Conqueror  Spanish conquistador who reached Mexico in 1519 in search of treasure  arrivedin Mexico with 550 soldiers, 16 horses, 14 canons, & a few dogs  groupwas met by Aztec emperor, Montezuma II
  10. 10. Who was Cortes?
  11. 11. How could such a small force conquer a huge empire?
  12. 12. Cortes invades MexicoHow could such a small force conquer ahuge empire?1. Cortes knew how to use Spanish horse andguns to shock Aztecs.2. Cortes had invisible help--diseases that killedmore Aztecs than Spanish swords.3. Montezuma believed Cortes to beQuetzalcoatl--an important Aztec god.
  13. 13. Cortes Meeting Montezuma
  14. 14. Cortes Defeats the Aztec Cortes traveled 400 miles to reach Tenochitlan. Montezuma did not attack right away because he first thought Cortes was Quetzalcoatl. The Spanish were able to take control of the city & took Montezuma hostage. hostage Cortes ordered the Aztec to stop sacrificing people.
  15. 15. Cortes Defeats Aztec Cortes’ orders angered Aztec; planned a rebellion. Fighting broke out & Montezuma was killed. killed The Spanish were outnumbered, so they fled the city. Before they could prepare a 2nd attack, smallpox broke out in Tenochitlan & greatly weakened the large Aztec empire. 1521--Spanish destroyed the Aztec capital.
  16. 16. What happenedto Montezuma II?
  17. 17. Francisco Pizarro Pizarro was also from the Extremadura. – He was not of noble birth; could not even write his name. – At age 16, Pizarro fled a job herding pigs in Italy. 1502--He arrived in the Americas and became very wealthy by exploring Panama. – heard a rumor that there was a great empire filled with gold in the mountains of South America
  18. 18. Who wasPizarro?
  19. 19. Why were theIncas conquered?
  20. 20. The Inca 1530s--Inca thought they ruled most of the world; two threats from the north proved they did not.1.They couldn’t stop the spread of smallpox. smallpox2. They couldn’t scare away Pizarro. Pizarro
  21. 21. Pizarro Conquers the Inca Pizarro led 160 soldiers to the Incan homeland. – raided Incan storehouses & fired guns at villagers Incan emperor, Atahualpa, Atahualpa thought Pizarro was crazy--how could he stand up to an army of 80,000 Incan warriors? 1532--Pizarro came up with a plan to defeat the Inca.
  22. 22. Atahualpa
  23. 23. Pizarro Defeats the Inca Spanish messengers invited Atahualpa to a meeting. He agreed & left most of his army behind-- brought only 5,000 bodyguards. Pizarro’s 160 soldiers attacked the Inca & kidnapped Atahualpa. Atahualpa Pizarro offered to free Atahualpa if he filled one room with gold & one with silver. Atahualpa kept his end of the bargain, but Pizarro killed him in 1533. 1533
  24. 24. What happenedto Atahualpa?
  25. 25. After Conquering the Inca… Spanish king made Pizarro the governor of Peru. Pizarro’s conquest of Peru opened most of South America to Spanish rule. Spain controlled a vast territory covering 375,000 miles with almost seven million inhabitants.