• Presidential-- a system of government in which the executive branch (president) exists separately from the legislature• Citizens vote for leader •Examples: Russia, US• Parliamentary – citizens elect legislature, legislature selects the leader •United Kingdom, Germany
Parliamentary Presidential System SystemExecutive Executive Legislature SelectLegislature ElectCitizens Citizens
• There are TWO types of Democratic governments in the world• 1. Presidential 2. Parliamentary• Sounds easy enough. So if you have a president, you’re Presidential and if you have a parliament, you’re Parliamentary??• Ehhh…not exactly. Let me explain…
• Citizens vote for members of the legislative branch, and then the legislature chooses the leader • The citizens DO NOT get to directly choose the leader• They have to vote on members of legislature first, and then those representatives choose the leader• Head of government and head of state are TWO different people Examples: United Kingdom, Germany,
• Citizens usually vote for members of the executive AND legislative branch • Citizens directly vote for the leader• A single person is elected as the leader• This person is both head of government (chief executive) and head of stateExamples: U.S.A., Russia, Mexico
• Unique thing about this type: there’s a separation of powers between the branches of government• The leader is constitutionally independent of the legislature • Example: the leader does not make the laws, the legislature does
• Parliamentary: Citizens do not vote directly for the leader. They vote on the legislature, then the legislature chooses the leader.• Presidential: Citizens directly vote on the leader.• Which would you prefer to participate in??
•Coach Book: pg 137- 138•Read•Fill in Venn Diagram
In my country, the people are in charge because they can vote.
• I can be a dictatorship or an absolute monarchy.
• I have a small group of people ruling my country.
The citizens have no participation in my government.
• 1. What are the two types of Autocratic governments?• 2. Who rules the country in an Oligarchy?• 3. Compare and contrast Autocracy vs. Democracy.• 4. What are the two types of Democratic governments?
5. How is the leader chosen in aParliamentary democracy?6. Do the citizens get to choose theleader in a Parliamentary democracy?7. How is the leader chosen in aPresidential democracy?
• Your Task: Create a mascot that will go with the two ways that citizens can participate in Democratic governments, Parliamentary and Presidential.• Fold your paper in half—on each side:1. Draw and color the mascot.2. Write a brief description of why the mascot was chosen. • Your paper should look something like this…