Unit 1 l,c,nr,t-uk germany russia italy


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Unit 1 l,c,nr,t-uk germany russia italy

  1. 1. 4 European Countries UUnniitteedd KKiinnggddoomm GGeerrmmaannyy RRuussssiiaa Italy EQ: WHY are people attracted to certain regions to live?
  3. 3. U. K.  4 regions:  England  Scotland  Wales  Northern Ireland
  4. 4. ENGLAND
  5. 5. British Royal Guard
  6. 6. Beefeaters
  7. 7. Wales
  8. 8. Scotland
  9. 9. North Ireland
  10. 10. U.K. Population / Languages Population: 60 million people live in the U.K. Wales – 2.9 millions Scotland – 5.1 million North Ireland – 1.8 million Fact: 90% of the UK’s people live in cities. Languages: English, Welsh, Scottish Gaelic
  11. 11. Government  Parliamentary Democracy  The political leader is called the Prime Minister.  The UK also has a constitutional monarchy, in which the king or queen is the official head of state.
  12. 12. British Parliament Building
  13. 13. Prime Minister – David Cameron
  14. 14. Queen Elizabeth of England
  15. 15. Location Do you see all the ISLANDS??
  16. 16. English Channel
  17. 17. Resources  Major export: manufactured goods  Natural resources: coal, petroleum, and natural gas 
  18. 18. RUSSIA
  19. 19. Location
  20. 20. Saint Basil’s Cathedral is one of Russia’s most famous buildings.
  21. 21. Population / Languages  Russia is one of the most populous countries in the world, with 145.5 million people.  Most people live WEST of the Ural mountains, where the climate is mildest and the land is the most fertile. (see next slide)  Russian and local village languages
  22. 22. (population map)
  23. 23. Government  Since the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia has moved away from a communist government.  Today Russia is a democracy, (a government in which people freely elect their leaders) AND a federal republic (the power is divided between national and state governments)
  24. 24. President - Dmi t r y Medvedev
  25. 25. Climate  Western Russia has a continental climate. Summers are warm and rainy, while winters are cold and snowy.
  26. 26. Climate  Northern Russia is a tundra and the land is frozen all year.  Siberia is a famous part of the Russian tundra.
  27. 27. Siberia
  28. 28. Natural Resources  Major export: petroleum  Bauxite, coal, copper, fishing,
  29. 29. GERMANY
  30. 30. Location Do you see the LAND on sides? Do you see the small peninsula on top?
  31. 31. Population / Language  Germany has 82.6 million people.  Because of its rivers and fertile land, Germany’s northern plain has many cities and towns. People speak German.
  32. 32. The Rhine River The Rhine River Has a HUGE impact on Germany’s cities, population, economy and Transportation.
  33. 33. Government  Federal Republic (US and Russia) in which the national and state governments share power.  Chancellor - chosen by the parliament and is the real head of government.  President - serves as head of state, but only has ceremonial powers.
  34. 34. President and Chancellor  President: Horst Köhler  Chancellor: Angela Merkel
  35. 35. Climate Because of its mountainous landscape, Germany has a cool climate. Part of the Alps are in the South.
  36. 36. Natural Resources The Ruhr ranks (in west Germany) has one of the WORLD’s LARGEST deposits of coal and iron ore. Black Forest is a huge producer of timber.
  37. 37. ITALY
  38. 38. Location Do you see the funny Peninsula? Do you see How close it is to Africa?
  39. 39. Population  Italy has 57.2 million people.  About 70% of the population live in towns and cities.  More than 90% of Italians work in manufacturing and service industries.
  40. 40. Languages  The people of Italy speak Italian (which developed from Latin, the language of ancient Rome)  Italian is closely related to French and Spanish
  41. 41. Natural Resources  Major export: metal  coal, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, lead, zinc, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, potash, silica sand, slate, arable land
  42. 42. Government  After WWII, Italy became a democratic government, although it is not stable.  Many political parties exist in Italy, and no single party has been strong enough to gain control alone.  Italy is unique because often two or more political parties work together to run the country.
  43. 43. President – Giorgio Napolitano
  44. 44. Climate  Most of Italy has a mild climate of sunny summers and rainy winters.  In spring and summer, hot dry winds called siroccos blow across Italy from North Africa.
  45. 45. 4 European Countries….. UUnniitteedd KKiinnggddoomm GGeerrmmaannyy RRuussssiiaa Italy Which one would you live in?