Good Mafternoon! 8/19/14
EQ: What are the environmental issues of Europe?What are the environmental issues of Europe?
HW: Study for your map quiz- 8/21 (Thursday)
#1. Update your TOC (table of contents)
#2. Discuss with a partner: Which country
in Europe do you think experiences the
most pollution and why?
DateDate ## TitleTitle
8-19 5 Environmental Issues GO
On your piece of chalk…
Using a pencil, decorate it like a statue or a
You have 3 minutes
Make a prediction…
How will the chalk interact with the
What will happen?
Learning Group Expert Group
• Your "home" group, where
most will have a different
• You will teach them your
topic after you become the
• Will have GO complete after
meeting with LG.
• Your group where everyone
has the SAME topic
• You will become an expert
on your topic.
• Will have one section of GO
complete after meeting
concerns do countries
in Europe face?
How has Europe
dealt with the major
of acid rain, air
pollution, and nuclear
Many of the world’s largest and most
industrialized countries are in Europe.
Paris, London, Berlin, Rome, Amsterdam
These cities tend to have lots of factories, lots of
traffic, and produce a lot of Air pollution.
Factories and Power
Plants also pump
pollutants into Europe’s
The country with the
worst Air Pollution in
Europe is the UNITED
Air Pollution in the United Kingdom
London, capital of UK, is
famous for air pollution
Word “smog” first used in 1905
to describe air in London (thick
fog + smoke)
Thick London smog happens
when water in the air mixes
with smoke particles from a
The Great Smog of 1952
Smog was so dense that, for 4 days, people in
London could not see what was in front of
Transportation slowed, crime increased, & thousands
of people died from the pollution
People around the world became frightened &
worried about the quality of the air they were
Sources of Air Pollution
In the past, the major source was smoke from
burning coal (factories)
Today, exhaust from cars & buses is the
Effects of Air Pollution
Asthma and pneumonia are linked to vehicle
Burns the lungs, nose, and eyes, and endangers
High air pollution keeps children & senior
& harms wildlife
with the worst
acid rain in
Germany is Its Own Worst Enemy…
Main source of acid rain is smoke from
factories (burning fuels like natural gas, coal, &
Germany is a top manufacturing country—leads the
world in cars, steel, & chemical products—so it
depends on these factories
Cars & buses also produce harmful gases
Germans own more cars than people of most other
Acid Rain in Germany
Acid rain has destroyed nearly half of the
This has really harmed Germany’s economy because
one of its major natural resources is timber.
What is Acid Rain?
Air Pollution leads to health
problems, and can affect the
environment through ACID
Acid Rain is caused by factories
and car exhaust.
The pollution gets into the
clouds and causes the rain to be
This is harmful to plant life,
aquatic animals, humans
(cancer), and even buildings
What is Acid Rain?
Acid rain is a result of air pollution. When any
type of fuel is burnt, lots of different chemicals
are produced and released into the air and
mix with water in the clouds.
The rain from these clouds then falls as very
It’s not acidic enough to burn your skin, but it’s very
harmful for the environment.
3- Things you learned today
2- questions you still have
1- thing you still want to learn
What is Europe
doing to fix these
In Western Europe, nations are trying to lessen
They are spending money and researching new ways
to produce power that cause less environmental
In Eastern Europe, few nations are researching
They have less money
Ukraine still has a higher than normal radiation level.
Bulgaria has made no effort at all to decrease its air pollution
caused by traffic.
Romania has one of the highest industrial pollution rates in
Europe. This is because its factories are still using old-fashioned
Lithuania’s forests are dying rapidly from acid rain but their
government refuses to acknowledge the problem.
Yugoslavia is preparing to build a new nuclear power plant but
hasn’t let anyone see their plans or safety policies.
Governments are also
fuel sources for cars
which would lessen air
pollution and acid rain.
Rather than being made
of oil, these fuels come
from plant soil.
Most countries in Europe
are members of a group
called the European
Since its formation in 1993,
the EU has passed policies
designed to fight acid rain,
improve air quality,
restrict toxic waste, and
Acid rain is created
when gases such as
nitrogen oxide (NOx)
and sulfur oxide (SOx),
generated in the burning
of fossil fuels such as
coal and oil, react in the
sunlight to produce
acids such as nitric and
sulfuric acid. These
acids dissolve in rain to
become acid rain.