Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Independence movements


  • Login to see the comments

  • Be the first to like this

Independence movements

  1. 1. Top of the Mornin! 3/17/15 EQ: How did Latin America gain their Independence? HW: NoneNone SPONGE #1. Update TOC and glue handout on to page 71 #2. What does Independence mean to you? Quietly discuss with a person sitting next to you. DateDate ## TitleTitle 3-17 71 LA Independence Leaders 3-17 72 LA Liberator Action Figure Project
  2. 2. Directions- PIG OUT Notes 1. Pair- Individual- Group (no more than 3) 2. Get BYOT/iPad- Go to (link on edmodo) OR use coachbook pgs 99-102 3. Complete your graphic organizer using technology 4. You will have 12 minutes and then we will go over it as a class *If you finish early, come get your project from the Blue tray on my desk.
  3. 3. Unit 7 Notes
  4. 4. • Spain is building an empire- Native Americans are the lowest class • Native Americans begin to die because of European diseases • Introduction of Slavery • New ethnicities- Mestizo, Mulatto, Criollo • More money from Triangle Trade = more slaves • Slaves are unhappy= more rebellions
  5. 5. Haiti
  6. 6. • former slave in Haitiformer slave in Haiti; freed in 1777 • Plantation owner allowed him to learn how to read and write • Read books about freedom and equality for all • 1789- French revolution occurs, and they free all blacks and mulattoes • This made plantation owners MAD- so France took it back • 1791: led a huge slave revolthuge slave revolt against the FrenchFrench in Hispanola
  7. 7. • 1793- French government abolishes slavery • 1801: L’Ouverture led a huge army into a Spanish colony & freed all slavesfreed all slaves there • Six months later, he became “governor general of Haiti for life.” • 1802: Napoleon sends Large French army lands in Haiti wanted to restore old French government & regain control of sugar trade • L’Ouverture was asked to attend a peace treaty in France • French tricked and arrested L’Ouverture and sent him to prisonprison in Francein France • L’Ouverture died in prisondied in prison
  8. 8. • L’Ouverture’s army was outraged; it took up arms again against France. • November 1803: defeated last of the French forces • 1804: declared Haiti independent of French rule • HaitiHaiti became the 1st country in Latin America1st country in Latin America to break freefree of European imperialism.
  9. 9. Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Bolivia
  10. 10. • wealthy Venezuelan criollocriollo who spent many years traveling Europe • While in Italy, he discovered his life’s purpose: to liberate his homeland from European control. • 1810: Bolivar’s army kicks Spanishkicks Spanish governor out of VenezuelaVenezuela • 1811: new constitution proclaimed Venezuela’s independent of Spanish rule • Soon after, Spanish royalists defeated the new country’s army & Bolivar was forced to flee to New Granada (Colombia).
  11. 11. • Bolivar organized a bigger armybigger army & marched back into Venezuela. • 1813: Bolivar’s army won & took controlwon & took control of Venezuela’s capital, Caracas • Bolivar was nicknamed El Libertador.El Libertador. • Over the next few years, Bolivar liberated New Granada (now Colombia),New Granada (now Colombia), Ecuador, Panama, Peru, & Upper PeruEcuador, Panama, Peru, & Upper Peru (now Bolivia).(now Bolivia).
  12. 12. Mexico
  13. 13. • Catholic priestCatholic priest in the town of Dolores • began the struggle for Mexico’sMexico’s independence in 1810 • September 16th, 1810September 16th, 1810: “Cry ofCry of DoloresDolores” was his call for revolution; rang church bells and shouted, “Long live our Lady of Guadalupe! Death to bad government! Death to the Spaniards!” • an army of mestizos & Nativemestizos & Native Americans rallied behind HidalgoAmericans rallied behind Hidalgo
  14. 14. • 80,000 people joined the fight, but the army was soon defeated by the SpanishSpanish. • Hidalgo was captured and executed in 1811Hidalgo was captured and executed in 1811 • Mexicans continued to fight for independence over the next decade. • 1821: Mexico gained independence1821: Mexico gained independence from Spain.from Spain. • Mexico celebrates September 16th as it’s Independence Day. • The president rings a bell in Mexico city and repeats Hidalgo’s “Cry of Dolores.”