Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Unit 7 Notes
• Spain is building an empire- Native Americans are
the lowest class
• Native Americans begin to die because of
European d...
Haiti
• former slave in Haitiformer slave in Haiti; freed in
1777
• 1791: led a huge slave revolthuge slave revolt
against the F...
• 1801: L’Ouverture led a huge army into a Spanish colony &
freed all slavesfreed all slaves there
• Six months later, he ...
• L’Ouverture’s army was outraged; it took up arms
again against France.
• November 1803: defeated last of the French forc...
Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Bolivia
• wealthy Venezuelan criollocriollo who spent
many years traveling Europe
• While in Italy, he discovered his life’s
purpo...
• Bolivar organized a bigger armybigger army
& marched back into Venezuela.
• 1813: Bolivar’s army won & took controlwon &...
Mexico
• Catholic priestCatholic priest in the town of Dolores
• began the struggle for Mexico’sMexico’s
independence in 1810
• S...
• 80,000 people joined the fight, but the
army was soon defeated by the SpanishSpanish.
• Hidalgo was captured and execute...
Latin American Independence Leaders
Latin American Independence Leaders
Latin American Independence Leaders
Latin American Independence Leaders
Latin American Independence Leaders
Latin American Independence Leaders
Latin American Independence Leaders
Latin American Independence Leaders
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Latin American Independence Leaders

527 views

Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Latin American Independence Leaders

  1. 1. Unit 7 Notes
  2. 2. • Spain is building an empire- Native Americans are the lowest class • Native Americans begin to die because of European diseases • Introduction of Slavery • New ethnicities- Mestizo, Mulatto, Criollo • More money from Triangle Trade = more slaves • Slaves are unhappy= more rebellions
  3. 3. Haiti
  4. 4. • former slave in Haitiformer slave in Haiti; freed in 1777 • 1791: led a huge slave revolthuge slave revolt against the FrenchFrench in Hispanola • France was also fighting a war against Spanish forces in Hispaniola; couldn’t deal with slave rebellions • promised that any slave who joined the French army & fought the Spanish would be freed • 1795: L’Ouverture’s army helped French defeat the Spanish
  5. 5. • 1801: L’Ouverture led a huge army into a Spanish colony & freed all slavesfreed all slaves there • Six months later, he became “governor general of Haiti for life.” • 1802: Large French army lands in Haiti wanted to restore old French government & regain control of sugar trade • L’Ouverture’s army fought the French & lostfought the French & lost • French arrested L’Ouverture and sent him to prison inprison in FranceFrance • L’Ouverture dieddied
  6. 6. • L’Ouverture’s army was outraged; it took up arms again against France. • November 1803: defeated last of the French forces • 1804: declared Haiti independent of French rule • HaitiHaiti became the 1st country in Latin America1st country in Latin America to break freefree of European imperialism.
  7. 7. Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Bolivia
  8. 8. • wealthy Venezuelan criollocriollo who spent many years traveling Europe • While in Italy, he discovered his life’s purpose: to liberate his homeland from European control. • 1810: Bolivar’s army kicks Spanishkicks Spanish governor out of VenezuelaVenezuela • 1811: new constitution proclaimed Venezuela’s independent of Spanish rule • Soon after, Spanish royalists defeated the new country’s army & Bolivar was forced to flee to New Granada (Colombia).
  9. 9. • Bolivar organized a bigger armybigger army & marched back into Venezuela. • 1813: Bolivar’s army won & took controlwon & took control of Venezuela’s capital, Caracas • Bolivar was nicknamed El Libertador.El Libertador. • Over the next few years, Bolivar liberated New Granada (now Colombia),New Granada (now Colombia), Ecuador, Panama, Peru, & Upper PeruEcuador, Panama, Peru, & Upper Peru (now Bolivia).(now Bolivia).
  10. 10. Mexico
  11. 11. • Catholic priestCatholic priest in the town of Dolores • began the struggle for Mexico’sMexico’s independence in 1810 • September 16th, 1810September 16th, 1810: “Cry ofCry of DoloresDolores” was his call for revolution; rang church bells and shouted, “Long live our Lady of Guadalupe! Death to bad government! Death to the Spaniards!” • an army of mestizos & Nativemestizos & Native Americans rallied behind HidalgoAmericans rallied behind Hidalgo
  12. 12. • 80,000 people joined the fight, but the army was soon defeated by the SpanishSpanish. • Hidalgo was captured and executed in 1811Hidalgo was captured and executed in 1811 • Mexicans continued to fight for independence over the next decade. • 1821: Mexico gained independence1821: Mexico gained independence from Spain.from Spain. • Mexico celebrates September 16th as it’s Independence Day. • The president rings a bell in Mexico city and repeats Hidalgo’s “Cry of Dolores.”

×