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Curriculum development

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Curriculum development

  1. 1. Curriculum Viewed as a listing of subjects to be taught in school. It refers to the total learning experiences of individuals not only in schools but in a society as well.
  2. 2. oTraditional Points of View of Curriculum Traditional Points of View of Curriculum  "curriculum is that it is a body of subjects or subject matter prepared by the teachers for the students to learn.“  " It was synonymous to the "course of study" and "syllabus".
  3. 3. Robert Maynard Hutchins (January 17, 1899 – May 17, 1977) Views curriculum as "permanent studies" where the rules of grammar, rhetoric and logic and mathematics for basic education are emphasized. Basic education should emphasize 3 Rs and college education should be grounded on liberal education.
  4. 4. Arthur Bestor (September 20, 1908 – December 13, 1994) Essentialist He believes that the mission of the school should be intellectual training.
  5. 5. Joseph Schwab (1909–1988)  discipline is the sole source of curriculum.  Thus, in our education system, curriculum is divided into chunks of knowledge we call subject areas in basic education such as English, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies and others
  6. 6. Thus curriculum can be viewed as a field of study. It is made up of its foundations (philosophical, historical, psychological, and social foundations); domains of knowledge as well as its research theories and principles. Curriculum is taken as scholarly and theoretical.
  7. 7. Progressive Points of View of Curriculum To a progressivist, a listing of school subjects, syllabi, course of study, and list of courses of specific discipline do not make a curriculum.
  8. 8. John Dewey October 20, 1859 – June 1, 1952 He believed that reflective thinking is a means that unifies curricular elements. Thought is not derived from action but tested by application.
  9. 9. Caswell and Campbell  curriculum as "all experiences children have under the guidance of teachers.“  Stanley and shores when they defined "curriculum as a sequence of potential experiences set up in schools for the purpose of disciplining children and youth in group ways of thinking and acting."
  10. 10. Marsh and Willis curriculum as all the "experiences in the classroom which are planned and enacted by teacher, and also learned by the students.
  11. 11. THANK YOU!!

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