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  1. 1. Mary Margarete Miller<br />Period 6<br />Focus Assignment #2<br />Colonial or British ResponseImpact on Colonial UnityContent/ProvisionsProclamation of 1763Colonists, especially land owners, were angry and discouraged. As they felt the land was rightfully theirs, a majority moved westward anyway, “clogging the trails”.This mass defiance was the first major act of mass deviance against the British. It led up to more and more tension.The British government issued. It prohibited settlement in the area beyond the Appalachians. Designed to calm colonial and Indian relations, and to prevent another battle, such as Pontiac’s uprising.Greenville ActsThe Americans were aroused at the fiscal aggression. Some defiantly refused to comply. Sons of Liberty, an American rights group, formed after the Stamp Act. For example, Stamp Act Congress, which took place in New York and they discussed the newly passed Stamp Act, was formed in protest.It brought the colonies together because they were working as a group to defy these acts. When working together in defiance, it creates a feeling of brotherhood.Prime minister George Greenville enforced the Navigation laws, the sugar laws, stamp act, quartering laws, etc. They felt that the colonist should pay taxes, like the native British. Also, after a lot of pressure the British government repealed the Stamp Act in the form of The Declaratory Act, which basically states that Parliament’s authority was the same in America as it was in England. Writs of assistance played an important role in the Navigation laws, because they gave an official permanent permission to do a certain task. Many colonists thought this was a violation of their rights. Plus, they were transferrable so it caused them some grief as those got passed around.<br />Townshend DutiesColonists were in a rebellious mood. They protested, smuggled, and with "Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania," being published in nine colonial newspapers, raised awareness to colonists. They performed different rebellions, such as the nonimportation movement (when they decided to import as little as possible). As they were trying to do that, they started to homespin their clothing so they don’t have to import clothing from Britain.The colonists generally worked together after the Townshend Duties. The threat of their liberty and an “invasion” of British brought them all together as one.Champagne Charley became stressed and wanting change soon after the Townshend revenue.Committees of Correspondence The British reacted poorly to the near constant protesting, but nothing outstanding when it comes to their reaction of the Committees of Correspondence.This was impactful on colonial unity because it created a system of legislatures that are trying to work together with other colonists and that hasn’t happened before.Groups appointed by the legislatures of all 13 American colonies to provide a means of intercolonial communication. The first group was formed by Samuel Adams in Boston. The Olive Branch Petition was brought up at this meeting and it was an attempt to avoid a full blown war with Great Britain. It said that they were still loyal to the crown and entreated the king. It was rejected, however, and the colonies were declared rebellious.Tea Act Colonial reaction to this was not a good one. They were displeased and worried about their progress boycotting, so they decided to act. Thus, the Boston Tea Party transpired.I think that this Act was important to colonial unity, because it was one of the causes of the Boston Tea Party, and many people in the colonies would support the raid on the Boston harbor. The Tea Act was passed in 1773, and was one of the major events leading to war with Britain. Imported tea was going to be cheaper than smuggled Dutch tea, but in doing so, it would open the door for other taxations.Boston Tea Party The British government was furious at this outburst. The Intolerable Acts were a direct result of the actions performed at the Boston Tea Party.This act brought together colonists because the rebels were fighting together for what they believe in, but they are also physically fighting the mother country. Plus, the uniqueness of the attack spread and inspired others.It was a raid by colonists on British ships in the Boston Harbor. They dumped tea into the harbor. This act was one of many that agitated the colonists and the British. The British also used vice-admiralty courts which are juryless courts in which the courts were granted jurisdiction on any maritime incident. <br />Intolerable Acts The colonists reacted furiously to the Intolerable Acts. Thus the name: “Intolerable” These acts that took away their liberty and rights pushed to colonists closer to rebellion than ever before. This eventually led to the Continental Congress and the Revolutionary War.After the acts were passed, Lord North had hoped to find the radical cell in Massachusetts from the rest of the colonies while also assuring that Parliament was superior to their own self governments. The harshness of the acts worked to prevent this as many in the colonies came to Massachusetts’s aid.Many colonists thought these acts were in violation of their natural rights and liberties. They consisted of these acts:The Boston Port Act: Closed the port of Boston until the East India Company was compensated for the lost tea.  Massachusetts Government Act: Modified the Massachusetts Charter, taking away many of its rights of self-government. Wanted to punish Boston.Administration of Justice Act: British officials accused of committing crimes in a colony might be taken to England for trial.  The witnesses would have to travel and thus they’d escape justice.The Quartering Act: Allowed the British to quarter British soldiers in colonial buildings at the expense of the colonists, including colonists' homes.The Quebec Act: Extended the boundaries of the province of Quebec. Many thought this was punishment as well.First Continental Congress The British did not support this whatsoever. The King and Lord North of England wanted to punish the colonies. Thus, they blocked colonial access to the North Atlantic fishing. This would cripple some towns without that market. Took place in Philadelphia.This is important because it brought all the colonies together to discuss the future as a whole. They were also starting to stand up to Britain as a leading force, which was a bold move, but it paid off.The First Continental Congress brought together representatives from each colony to discuss the response of the Intolerable Acts. The congress had three objectives: to declare colonial rights, to say which liberties Parliament is taking away, and to come up with a plan to restore the rights. The Congress adopted what is known as the Association, which established a total boycott by means of non-importation, non-exportation and non-consumption deals.Samuel Adams Adams was a thorn in the side of Great Britain. He was constantly creating new boycott, protest, fight, or plan or something to keep the colonist’s liberties. He fought long and hard for them, and the British knew that he was a problem for them.An example of his demeanor:He helped defend the Boston Tea Party right after it happened.Samuel Adams helped unite the colonists. They wouldn’t have got together without some charismatic leaders. He helped lead and perform many acts or rebellion against the British and their attempt to take away their liberties. Adams worked to oppose the Intolerable Acts. Adams was one of the five delegates attending the first Continental Congress. He spent a great amount of time in the public eye for agitating the resistance. He signed Declaration of Independence. Sons of Liberty The British cannot stand the Sons of Liberty. They helped plan a lot of acts and rebellions throughout the struggle. They took part in the Boston Tea Party, for example. It wasn’t just them either, they would bring recruits to the cause along, strengthening the resistance, which Britain obviously would be against.As resistance grew, so did colonial unity. The Sons and Daughters of Liberty were radicals, severely devoted to the cause. They helped motivate and protect people’s rights, and thus winning them over, if you will. As they spread their message of rebellion, the colonies continued to grow stronger as one.A group of American Patriots that formed to protect the rights of the colonists from the usurpations by the British government. They are best known for the Boston Tea Party, which led to the Intolerable Acts and a counter-mobilization by the Patriots that led directly to the American Revolutionary War. It started by a group of workers getting agitated by the Stamp Act.The Battle of Lexington and ConcordThe battle of Lexington and Concord was the first battle of the Revolutionary war. It was a colonial victory even though they were outnumbered. The first shot was fired from an unknown source.Liberty TreeLiberty tree was an elm tree that stood in Boston that was a rallying point for the growing resistance. In the years before the war, Britain often mocked the Liberty Tree. For example: British soldiers tarred and feathered a man named Thomas Ditson, and forced him to march in front of the tree.<br />