Relgious schism

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this shows and illustrate the history of the tangible result of revolutio

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  • Gregorio Aglipay
  • Relgious schism

    1. 1. Religious Schism (the Aglipayan Church)
    2. 2. Archbishop Bernardino Nozaleda And Gen. Basilio Augustine VS. Revolutionary leaders: Artemio ricarte Mariano Trias Emiliano Regio de Dios
    3. 3. <ul><li>Archbishop Bernardino Nozaleda </li></ul>Gregorio Aglipay Emilio Aguinaldo
    4. 4. Aglipay go to north to investigate the condition of the bishopric in Nueva Segovia and he secured the release of two Jesuit priest
    5. 5. Aglipay went back to Manila to report to Nozaleda BUT….. it was besieged
    6. 6. October 20,1898 – Aguinaldo appoint Aglipay as Vicar General , this made Aglipay to be the religious leader Of the revolution movement
    7. 7. Filipino Republican Army
    8. 8. Oct. 21,1898 -Aglipay issued a letter to the Filipino clergy urging them To organize themselves into a cohesive body geared to national emergency. <ul><li>Oct.22, 1898 </li></ul><ul><li>Aglipay issued a manifesto asking </li></ul><ul><li>the Filipino clergy </li></ul><ul><li>to organize themselves and </li></ul><ul><li>take charge of all vacant parishes </li></ul>
    9. 9. VS . Nozaleda Aglipay
    10. 10. <ul><li>April 29,1899-Nozaleda charged Aglipay with usurpation of power and he excommunicate him on May 5. </li></ul><ul><li>He also declared that Aglipay is a usurper and Schismatic. </li></ul><ul><li>But Aglipay charged him of starving the people </li></ul>
    11. 12. Mabini and the National Church
    12. 13. <ul><li>Agilpay called an assembly at </li></ul><ul><li>PaniquiTarlac on Oct.23, 1899 </li></ul><ul><li>Agenda: </li></ul><ul><li>Filipinization of Catholic church </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of anarchy in religious matter </li></ul><ul><li>Provisional constitution of the Filipino </li></ul><ul><li>Church was framed </li></ul>
    13. 14. Mons. Placido Chapelle On January 2 1902, He arrived at the Phillipines. He is known to be pro –friar and insulted the Filipino clergy He said that they are incompetent thus holding menial position only on the Church
    14. 15. The schism Influenced by Chapelle’s undiplomatic language Salustiano Araullo and Jose Chanco -Filipino in Rome who laid the Filipino problem before the Pope Pope John Paul II  
    15. 16. Isabelo de los Reyes - “ Enough of Rome!” 1901-he campaigned relentlessly for the establishment Of Filipino church. On July , he founded the Union Obrera Democratica
    16. 17. Pascual H. Poblete- scheduled a mass meeting at the Zorilla theater. But it did not take place……… That same night ,Isabelo de los Reyes called a meeting to his Union <ul><li>Aglipay was appointed as Obispo maximo </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Church was Established </li></ul>
    17. 18. Executive comittee <ul><li>Priest: </li></ul><ul><li>Adriano Garces </li></ul><ul><li>J. Barlin </li></ul><ul><li>Manuel Roxas </li></ul><ul><li>Toribio Dominguez </li></ul><ul><li>However,…. </li></ul><ul><li>They denied any connection with the independent church </li></ul><ul><li>Trinidad H. Pardo </li></ul><ul><li>Fernando Maria Guerero </li></ul><ul><li>Martin Ocampo </li></ul><ul><li>Manuel ortigas </li></ul>
    18. 19. Aglipay and the Jesuits Father Francisco Foradada - Dr. Leon Ma. Guerrero and Joaquin Luna Invited Aglipay to an inter View at Jesuit house at Sta. Ana Manila . He Insulted the Filipino priest that urge Alipay to continue the schism
    19. 20. <ul><li>Now, let’s get to know their Doctrines … </li></ul>
    20. 21. Father Joaquin Villalonga Deal with Aglipay after what Foradada had done and he urged him to come back to the catholic faith. Aglipay is accompanied with young priest Santiago Fonacier
    21. 22. Consecration of Aglipay Aglipay was consecrated on September 6 1902 as bishop and he also accept the position of supreme Bishop Oct. 26- First mass of Aglipay as supreme bishop Jan.18, 1903- He was consecrated as supreme bishop of the bishop of isabela , Cagayan, Pangasinan , Nueva Ecija, Cavite and Manila
    22. 23. <ul><li>They believe that … </li></ul>
    23. 24. <ul><li>It is essentially naturalistic </li></ul><ul><li>Revelation is impossible </li></ul><ul><li>And so with miracles and prophecies </li></ul>1. All religions are good and equal.
    24. 25. 2. The Gospels do not possess historical value. <ul><li>Except for the book of Mark and some Logia of Matthew. </li></ul><ul><li>They believe in this because according to them the Gospel books are full of interpolations (addition or somethings). </li></ul>
    25. 26. 3. The Bible is just like other books. <ul><li>According to them, the Bible is just like any other book like Mythology or a folklore of various people. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not inspired and it is full of errors. </li></ul>
    26. 27. 4. God Exists. <ul><li>According to them, we can form some idea of His nature. </li></ul><ul><li>We cannot say He is the Creator in a strict sense. </li></ul><ul><li>Trinity Person of God is denied. </li></ul>
    27. 28. 5. ‘Creation’ is denied. <ul><li>Existence of Angels and Demons are also denied. </li></ul><ul><li>Man is a product of evolution. </li></ul><ul><li>The soul of man is material and comes from the soul of the parents, in the sense of generationism. </li></ul>
    28. 29. 6. Existence of Grace is denied. <ul><li>The original sin is also expressly denied. </li></ul>
    29. 30. 7. Jesus Christ Existed. <ul><li>Even though if He existed they believe that He was not the Messiah and He did not announce the Kingdom of God. </li></ul>
    30. 31. 8. Divinity of Jesus is denied. <ul><li>They believe this because according to them Jesus was subject to errors and defects. </li></ul>
    31. 32. 9. Death of Jesus was expiatory. <ul><li>He redeemed us not with His death but through His examples and teachings. </li></ul>
    32. 33. 10. Mary is not the mother of God. <ul><li>Duh?! Obviously she’s not! God has no mother. </li></ul><ul><li>They believe the virginal concept of Jesus by Mary. </li></ul><ul><li>Her virginity was admitted but later denied. </li></ul>
    33. 34. 11. There is no supernatural state of any kind, and consequently no grace. <ul><li>Charity for them is just natural love. </li></ul><ul><li>There’s no source of truth except reason. </li></ul><ul><li>Even human testimony seems without validity. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, Faith does not exist. </li></ul>
    34. 35. 12. Sacraments are ritual prayers. <ul><li>Baptism doesn’t cleanse the soul of original sin. </li></ul><ul><li>Confirmation is merely ratification of baptism in adults. </li></ul><ul><li>Eucharist is just a memorial and there is no transubstantiation. </li></ul>
    35. 36. <ul><li>Penance is useful for counsel but there is no real absolution of sins because only God can forgive sins. </li></ul>
    36. 37. 13. There is no ‘other life’. <ul><li>Death is the total penalty of our sins. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no such thing as hell, heaven, purgatory, limbo for babies. </li></ul>
    37. 38. <ul><li>So what is their moral theology? </li></ul>
    38. 39. <ul><li>Their moral theology is based on the assumption that the purpose of mans existence is HUMAN PROGRESS. </li></ul>
    39. 40. <ul><li>Be faithful still! </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you ! </li></ul>

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