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Commissioned by Finding Time: ColumbusPublicArt2012
Copyright © 2013 by Mary Jo Bole
All rights reserved.
Edition of 750
Printing: AM Lithography Corporation, Chicopee, MA 01013
ISBN: 978-0-615-75833-6
1819: The Christopher
Columbus Tavern was on S.
High St. There was a
sign board depicting
Columbus landing on
Western soil.
-Gilbert F. Dodds
says so...
Columbus was
the last person
to see the new
world before
global (stew)
began to take
place. He was
the first to
see the yawning
biological gap
between (his)
Europe and the
Americas
...(1491 New
Revelations of the
Americas Before
Columbus)
1892
Properly called “the
Christopher Columbus
Discovery Monument”,
It was first located
at the Josephinum
Pontifical College
courtyard on Main St.
...donated to the state in
1932
Malcolm
Cochran’s
field of
giant corn
ears. 1994
Dublin Arts
Council
Columbus Metropolitan
Library’s call # is
Bronzeville
stretches from 71 to
Woodland & from 670
to Broad.
-1920s historically African-American neighborhood whose
energy & prosperity supported the 5 jazz theaters.
Wiki says, “It’s an informal
name for the Somali-language
film industry that has devel-
oped in the Somali community of
Columbus, Ohio. Where a large
Somali diaspora exists.”
1965 2001
Godman
Guild
Goodale
Park
FLYTOWN
MARKER
GOODALE STREET
SPRUCE STREET
NEW YORK CENTRAL RAILROAD
HARRISONAVENUE
NEILAVENUE
DENNISONAVENUE
OlentangyRiver
ARCH CITY
I’ve Called You
Was a Columbus steelmaker known
for it’s long time president
Samual Bush. Grand and Great-
grand Father of Pres.
George/George W. Bush. (Buried
@ Greenlawn Cemetery)
I love that we
have an official
state fossil, a
trilobite that
was 9.5” in
length. The
Isotelus Maximus.
I have a Dr.
that tells me
that Columbus
is the “Kidney
Stone Belt.”
Bankrupt 2002
The Buckeye Capital
MARTIN
A simplified version of
the story says that Native
Americans named the fruit
of the buckeye tree after
a BUCK’S EYE.
1840s
“T.L. Shields moved the
above establishment,
where he intends to
serve up all kinds of
drinks and eatables on
the shortest notice.
Turtle Soup will be
served on Tuesdays and
Thursdays.”
Abbreviated from the
Bronze Historic Marker:
One of the many activi-
ties for children at
the Godman Guild.
The Godman
Guild was
founded by
women,
especially
school
teacher Anna Keagle,
to support the immi-
grant children. The
Guild still exists.
Flytown became
known as the port
entry for the
immigrant settlers. 17 nation-
alities contributed to the
spirit and culture of Flytown.
By 1880 it was an industrial
neighborhood as well.
The
OSU Mascot
Brutus Buckeye
...The Largest City In The Country
called
Some say Flytown was so named because the
houses flew up overnight or maybe the overcrowding
and lack of refuse removal caused a
lot of flies. Or that the residents were migratory
and quickly flew out. (There is an annual Flytown
Reunion in Goodale Park)
977.13
C72M
1962
Bottom of Ray
Rohn’s caricature
from “Club Men
of Columbus”.
(1911)
My book is a thrift find
An OSU nickname
“College In The Corn Field!”
The Discovery City!
Biggest Small Town
In America!
SISTER CITIES OF COLUMBUS
Genoa, Italy
Sevilla, Spain
Herzliya, Israel
Ahedabad, India
Dresden, Germany
Tainan, Taiwan
Odense, Denmark
Hefei, China
“Don’t change
the size or
position of
graphic
elements or
put the logo
on an angle or
lock up
promotional
slogans with
the logo.”
“To guarantee that our new identity is successful, the city of
Columbus must be vigilant in ensuring that its brand identity is
clearly communicated.”
No longer can you see
Flippo @ 4:30 daily on
Channel 10. But you can
see his giant shoes at
the Ohio Historical
Society.
Inside City Hall look to
your right and you’ll see
this dedication to the
sister cities of Columbus:
Ahmedabad, Dresden, Genoa,
Hefei, Herzliya, Odense &
Tainan
The Columbus Artificial Limb Company
(Also pictured in the P. & P. Club Book)
Columbus Oil Cloth Company
(Pictured in The 1915 Pen & Pencil Club Book)
Adopted Sept. 12, 1912The Columbus Pottery Company
1789
1851
1929
Published by The Columbus Chamber of Commerce
(1914)
(company mag. 1962)
The S.
Fund Door
in City
Hall
(Official Publication of
the City of Columbus 1918)
(1910)
Old Franklinton
Court House
weather vane
riddled with bulletst
City Hall Rug
(A survey
made by the
Econometric
Institute)
Doral Chenoweth III/Dispatch
Loveday, Chief Curator at the Ohio Historical Society, inspects the inside of the Statehouse
cupola. The structure, at right, is the outside of the dome.
By Robert Albracht
Dispatch Staff Reporter
When Chris took me on the
Statehouse tour I asked him
what was the strangest thing they found
left up in the cupola by an early
visitor...
...He showed me the cat
in a shoebox, now just dust
and bones.
The Madstones (also
called bezoars) and
their attributed
curative powers can be
found in the stomachs
or intestines of cud
chewing animals.
Graffiti
left behind
by a prisoner
who constructed
the Statehouse but,
the name is
illegible.
Early visitors allowed up to the
cupola were instructed to:
You enter
through this
custom-fit
door and
climb
these
steep,
narrow,
twisting
stairs.
A section of the second fence,
placed around the Capitol Square
in the 1870s, now edges the
underground parking garage.
Lookwell Ann Able Ann Ringold Sturdy Ann
Why Cowtown?
Dispatch’s Joe Blundo says in his
“Simply Bovine” article (1997),
“We’ve been ashamed of our cows
since the early 19th century , when
the original Ohio Statehouse had
cattle grazing on the grounds.”
Alfred Lee’s History noted that it
...Joe’s article also
says cattle were
stabled in the new
Statehouse basement.
An 1879 report by the
state adjutant general
noted that the
appearance of the
statehouse basement
“would have done
credit to any barnyard
in the country.”
Infamously submitted by the agri-
culture students, a living cow
became OSU’s homecoming queen in
1926.
Bicentennial
Butter Cow.
(The first was in
1903 @ the Ohio
State Fair)
Are there other
cowtowns? Yes!
Tim Rietenbach’s
sculpture on the
Scioto for “Finding
Time: Columbus Public
Art 2012”
Found
in a
Business
First
Newspaper,
1988
1951 Dispatch celebrates 80th birthday
Borden’s food division was based
in Columbus, Ohio and Elsie the
cow was their mascot. She trav-
eled around the country on promo-
tional trips for Borden. OSU
students attempted to get hired
as “Elsie Escorts”. Look for an
Elsie imposter on Elmer’s Glue.
Elsie ™
People coming to Columbus on Route 23, from the
south, knew they were near Columbus when they
saw the vast fields of Hartman’s Dairy cows.
Hartman became rich making the infamous Peruna,
a largely alcoholic medical fraud marketed as a
remedy.
made for “an awk-
ward appearance to
strangers...”
“The
biggest
small
town
in
America”
There was a
Centennial
float
advertising Dairy
and carrying
a milkmaid and a
genuine cow.
Organized in NYC in
1868, The American
Jersey Cattle Assoc.
moved to Columbus in
1946 “After a long
study.”
Seems like there’s
co(w)-optation in
some local music
circles... There was Moo Maga-
zine (last issue
‘97) With headings
like these...
What happens when ya’put two moosters in a room? Well,
when it comes to chewin’ over music, they’ll either duke it
out or share a jug... EGO SUMMIT
I LOOOVE
LEAVING
NEW YORK
CITYYYY!!!!
bungalowjazz.com
1969 - 2000
Google Columbus, one
of our nicknames is
“The Indie Capital.”
Weekly rag 1940s
Wikipedia says
“Qube was a
cable televi-
sion system
that launched
in Columbus,
1977”
R.I.P.
South
Campus.
Only a few issues
around 1990. It came
with a cassette tape.
While the DooDah Parade started in Pasadena
Community Festival is our own claim to fame.
?
10:00 PM
Ronald Koal
Band
Shuttered.
Closed
Gone.
4
a
good
time
call
299-ROCK
1985 - 2010
Goblin
H
ood
a.k.a.
J
im
Beoddy
at
t
he
2012 ComF
est.
Since 1972
A zine by self
proclaimed
“Ohio freak” Liz
Clayton.
Community Festival
JUNE26.27.28 2009
Handmade & Homegrown
SINCE1972
Community Festival
JUNE 26.27.28 2009
Handmade & Homegrown
SINCE1972
ColumbusAlive.com
Free
live music on 2
sta
ges.
An
ad in Moo Magazine
By Robert D Thomas 1986
You can take
free classes
and learn to
play the
organ the
Magic
way!
Lyceum
23
Junctionview Studios
Corbett Reynold’s
“Circuit Party”
& some others, too...
The united commercial travelers, begun in 1888 was a
fraternal order to provide a safety net for traveling
salesmen & their families. Now the building houses
the Pizzuti Art Collection. This sculpture now located
in Goodale Park, commemorates the first supreme secretary of the council. It
contains three words of wisdom: unity, temperance & charity, it is now missing two side urns.
This is one of the best
lighted cities in the
world...( Glimpse of
Columbus 1890)
Original B&W by Larry Keys
(1910)
Cham
berofCom
m
erce
Elections1921
Mr. Oats
(Gas Co.
Logo)
as a
1907
“
”
“ ”
“…Columbus is easily the greatest CONVENTION
CITY on earth!... “…Take for instance the City of
Columbus planted in the very central Ohio...Columbus
is a city of level streets. There are no inclines worth
mentioning…”
.... It might be said that
Columbus is possessed of 27
means of ingress and
egress..."
“…This natural Rock Asphalt has been mixed by nature through the slow
processes of the ages & is wholly natural…”
The Jeffrey Manufacturing Co.
is now a giant empty lot but
it was a major mining
equipment manufacturer like
this coal-getting mobile.
The retail
merchants of
Columbus have
decided to make
WEDNESDAY of each week
SUBURBAN DAY
in Columbus.
(probably a Billy
Ireland but I
couldn't find a
signature)
Memorial
Hall
(1906)
Convention
Space
OFFICIAL PUBLICATION
OF THECOLUMBUS CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE RESEARCH DEPARTMENT
POPULATION - GOING UP.
1950
1955
The square milk bottle is an example.
Borden’s tried this in Columbus first in
1944. Columbus liked it and said so.
Now, 90% of the bottles which clink on
the nations doorsteps in a morning are
square.
for the Central Ohio Community
& COLUMBUS LOOKS GOOD!
ON
Sits the first drive though
Bank from the 1950s. It was a
City National (Chase Bank)..
...now its the Columbus Fish Market
Tomorrow’s supersonic passenger
transports will span the continent in
one and a half hours.Transport may
take off of Broad-High base for short
flights.
Fred Zimmer
has my vote
for most
underapprecia
ted artist in
Columbus. He
did these
“Looking Far
Ahead” images
in 1963 for
the BLUE
PLAN.
N New York and Chicago advertising
circles, Columbus, Ohio, has a new alias -
I
Downtown Columbus is really Uptown these days.Its an
Uptown of new motor hotels,modern office buildings,
banking,parking accommodations & commercial
enterprises (From the Sunday Dispatch Mag.1/27/63)
OCT 13 1963
1957
1948
Original B&W by
Al Getchell
”Freeways, housing & business
construction are booming outside
the downtown area. COLUMBUS
IS GETTING A NEW FACE. A civic
boost into the future so bright the
chamber of commerce finds it
difficult to exaggerate.”
“How your
company may
benefit from
one of the
newest, most
intensive
studies ever
made of a
typical
American city.”
-Readers Digest
IN THE SPIRIT OF BETTERMENT
2009 Business Week
names Columbus“as
the best place in the
Country to raise a
family.”
The Blue Plan
predicts
Reliability is a necessity! Product after
product has been tested in Columbus,
with ultimate national sales results
affirming that what Columbus
indicated, the nation approved.
(Dispatch Mag.
1/23/1949)
Founded in Wichita - by
1934 the headquarters were
moved to Columbus. Founder
Billy Ingram used WHITE to
sound clean & CASTLE to add
respectability
On a Friday night in October,
1976, the Union Depot Arcade
was razed to make room for the
Ohio Center.
Memorial Hall designed
by Frank Packard in 1906
withstood the wrecking
ball by becoming COSI in
1964 & offices in 1999.
Christopher Inn (1963-1988)
Razed & replaced with an office
building. The Alfred Kelley House
(1836-1960) was razed & replaced
with the Christopher Inn.
(I wish I could print this whole article)
“Welcome to the future: By now, Columbus’ bicentennial year, we
were supposed to be driving the OUTER-OUTERBELT… but many
would cringe to read that to provide water for the population
predictions the Big Darby Creek would be DAMMED TO CREATE
A RESERVOIR….”
...peaked in the 1980s.
Headquarters were on Dublin Road for awhile.
(Architect) P. Eisenmann: ”We wanted to create
something that animated the city. It’s not the tired, old,
classical view of the courthouse, state house, etc. It’s a
21st-century monument.”
The Lustron Factory was located in Columbus on Fifth Ave. out by the
airport. The factory reputedly used “more electricity than the whole
city of Columbus” & you were invited to “put down the hammer & saw &
pick up a wrench.”
The Lustron factory site is now a DSW shoe warehouse.
(opening/1989,
closing/2009)
…The “Ohio Center” opened 9/10/1980. (It included the
Hyatt Regency Hotel). In 1985, the name was going to be
“New World Center” (but) in 1993 it did become the:
Historical
Marker
104-25
By C.T. Jonassen (1987)
(1976) Columbus was selected by
Warner Communications to be the
TEST MARKET for Qube cable
(1947-1950) made enamel
steel-kit homes for housing
demand.
*The original ‘62 article says “mind reading will be
possible with electronic objects, too.”
“..the rapid growth of
suburban shopping centers in
metropolitan areas poses
many and varied problems..”
A copy of the
Sunday
Magazine is
in storage @
the C.M.L.
The call
number is
R
977.13
C72co
1812-1962
Insert goes here
From the same article: Tibbals-
Crumley-Musson architects weigh in
with their 1992 prediction:
(original in B&W)
Conjuring the Future: Mid-Century Visions of 1992
(Dispatch article: 10/14/1962)
"Columbus Looks Ahead" : "view from Broad
Street Bridge, looking North." (Original B&W
by Holroyd & Myers, now liquidated.) " ..elevated streets & with buildings which float freely in the air but are moored to the ground."
Insert goes here
1871: first
municipal
water system
was located at
the conflu-
ence of the
Olentangy &
Scioto Rivers.
This is "Drip Tracer", I asked
when the mascot came into being,
they said the person who knew
had retired. He looks like a
‘60s friend of Chris
(Early 1800s: the main source of water in
Columbus came from cisterns & wells.)
I hope we don’t have a
There is a small museum at
the Dublin Water Works.
Before 9/11 schools came to
tour it and the facility.
Now some of the interactive
exhibits don't work com-
pletely. My favorite is a
large round overview of our
water system that illumi-
nates while audio explains
what you're seeing.
The museum has a section of
old wooden pipe
Columbus as a Convention City (1910):
"... It would scarce seem necessary to recount-
a matter of which all the world is, by this time,
doubtless informed-
At enormous expense a mammoth reservoir
associating therewith "Filtration," "Softening,"
& "Purification Plants." Her supply of water is
practically inexhaustible & no city in the world
can hope to possess a water supply more
potably pure.Typhoid
Fever if found at all is
in a percentum so
small as to be
negligible."
(The tower
is for
flushing out
the filter
gallery)
You can read about it in the Annual Report
GASKILL’S 10,000,000-GALLON
COMPOUND PUMPING MACHINE (1884)
The "Filtering Gallery" as it is now. The simulated
aquifer pools provide final cleaning for our water.
It is stunning visually. Sadly plans are already
underway to replace/update it. The curved terrazzo
1970s architecture & the teal blue
enameled control panels that still
need a person to push the ON button
will all be gone. Sorry I wasn't
allowed to take pictures.
“Proposals in the late
'60s and early '70s to
dam the main stem of
the Big Darby would
have destroyed or
adversely affected
large portions of its
natural habitat and
severely stressed its
biota.”
(Big Darby Creek
Case Study, December
2000, EPA)
this article
discusses new
serious
threats to the
Big Darby from
encroaching
development.
Gary took us on a Tour of the Jackson Pike Sewer Plant(built in 1835).
Apparently the terrorists don't like the "heavy stuff" sewage. Here I was allowed to bring friends and camera.
When a 125-year-old sewer collapsed & opened a pit in Spring St. Mayor
Rinehart took the holier-, not holeyer-, than-thou approach saying Columbus
experiences fewer such collapses than cities like New York & Philadelphia.
In one "pond" GMO sterile Triploid carp are
hired to filter out Duckweed & moss.
Mascara & other makeup contain
siloxanes that combine with methane
gas in the digesters producing a
microscopic silica ash that is
damaging to the equipment.
One end of the process: dumpsters hold
"grit" that sifts down from tubes. The
yellow spots(& some green) are CORN & some
peas. Gary said they call that FOOD! Tampon
plungers are called "boat whistles", condoms
are "party balloons".
“Jackson Pike can process
68 million gallons of ‘flow’
per day. In the primary
treatment the grease is
skimmed off. The ammonia
in urine is the really hard
chemical to filter out.
‘You think it smells?
All we smell is $,’
Gary said.
Each person contributes
roughly 100 gallons per day
to the sewerage.
The water we put back into
the river is cleaner than what
is pumped into the water
treatment plant.”
The. Columbus Closet Co. Manu-
facturers of the Blesch patent
Water Closet & other sanitary
specialties (like the Ohio Model
Toilet).
( Glimpse of Columbus 1890)
1908: Columbus' first waste water treatment
plant: Very basically, beginning with septic
tanks waste flowed over stones & the 100 water
sprinklers allowed for an “aerobic biological
treatment” before the sludge flowed into the
Scioto river. The "Gregory Paper" describes the
system, & the "outstanding work of the sanitary
engineering visionaries.“
Waste
treatment
mimics the
natural cleaning
processes of a
river, on a grand
scale. The system
uses water as a
conveyance system.
Aerobic Digesters
Sunday Dispatch Mag. 3/28/1948
pump
house
1908
pump
house
2012
The 1935 buildings have trim
painted in "interstate
green."
a.k.a., “Columbus Sewage
Purification Works”
road
closures
collapsed
roadway
spring st.
highst.
frontst.
columbus
state hospital
ohio inst.
for the
feeble
minded
green lawn
cemetery
franklin
Park
u.s. army
columbus general
distribution depot
tuberculosis
sanatorium
w. broad st.
e. broad st.
town st.
40
40
40
40
16
33
62
alum
creek
alumcreekrd.
104
104
23
33
40
23
3
62
hilltop
swimming
pool
grandview
swimming
pool
goodale st.
spring st.
fifth ave. fifth ave.
fifth ave.
dublin
rd.
king ave.
goodale park
leonard
ave.
union
station
dennisonave.
taylorave.
sunburyrd.
neilave.
olentangyriver
sciotoriver
mckinley ave.
crystal
springs
dr.
ohio state
penitentiary
grandviewave.
centralave.
davisst.
sanduskyst.
sullivant ave.
greenlawn ave.
whittier st.
deshler
ave.
crystal
park
swimming
pool
schiller
parkbrownrd.
frank rd.
sewage
disposal
plant
columbus
baseball
club
mt.
calvary
cemetarymound st.
e. broad st.
e. main st.
price
field
franklin
county
home
refugee rd.
e. livingston ave.
bryden rd.
maryland ave.
maryland park
swimming pool
producerscooperative
commission
bath house
swimming
pool
east
side
swimming
pool
governor’s
mansion
livingston
park
nu-sanitary
swimming pool
capital
university
fort
hayes
ohio
military
district
school forthe blind
n.highst.
s.highst.
parsonsave.
championave.
nelsonrd.
college
ave.
drexelrd.
jamesrd.
bagshawrd.
courtrightrd.
stelzerrd.
cassadyave.
s.frontst.
sciotoriver
BEFORE THERE WERE
FREEWAYS,
BEFORE THE
OUTERBELT:
I read that
“The Columbus
State
Hospital” was
huge. For
those of you
that remember
how large the
Ohio State
Penitentiary
site was,
look at how
many you
could have
fit into the
State
Hospital
grounds.
I think this Chamber of Commerce
map is from the 1940s. You can
see the original at the Ohioana
Library.
5000 women marched in Columbus for
the right to vote, “stump speeches”
followed the parade. The 19th amend-
ment was not passed until 1920.
I think
I heard this
was rained
out
Indian Corn
Dance
Rhinelander
Dance Dutch
Dance
Beautiful Doll”
“Oh, You
Third
prize in Monday night’s
auto parade: C.D. Savier &
friends all togged up
like roosters.
Speakers
platform &
reviewing
stand
THE HISTORY OF OHIO TOLD BY $10,000 WORTH OF FLOATS
Wednesday, August 28, 1912
When Columbus Celebrated its Centennial...
The
Court
of Honor
was erected on
Broad St.
H
OSTE
R
BR
E W E
R
Y
..Bunting & Festoons
for everyone
The
Parade of
Industries
Original B&W Chris By
July 4th,
1989
We interrupt this issue of HOOT
to bring you the unofficial
Chris is right
at home with
his DooDah pals.
A Columbus
Co. now called
Big Lots
Apparently in 1959 when Castro was violently coming to power, he
hid his mother and sister here at The Seneca Hotel so they would
be out of the way in case anybody wanted to take it out on his
family. (Dispatch 7/8/2001)
I
nstead
of
bar
ter,
Simon
Lazarus
i
nstitutes
fixed
prices
1860s:
re
ady-made
&
siz
ed
clothing
i
nstead
of
fitted
c
lothing.
1896:Pet
Alligatorin
thestore
1905:Bird
cageon
the
mezzanine
1907:
Stabletobe
horsepalace.
Bigstorage
vaultsputin
forfurs.
1929:Becomes
partofthe
Federated
networkof
familyrun
departmentstores.
Creativeideasforall
kindsofcommunity
programs&events.
“Women’
s
apparel
w
as
offered
f
or
the
firs
t
time
in
this
buildi
ng.”
“ANNEX
acquired,
formerly
an
auditorium.”
“PARKING&
SERVICEGARAGEoccupies
triangular
loton
riverfront.”
”BU
LK
SERVICE
BU
ILDING
&
c
ustomer
service
a
dded.”
”High Street
façade
acquired”
The store didn’t
keep up with
changing times,
leads to slow
demise start-
ing in the
1970s.
BY 1989:
44 Lazarus
stores
1 billion
in sales
for the
year but
filing for
chapter 11
bankruptcy
RIP Lazarus
(2004- now
Macy’s Depart-
ment Store)
RIP linking the
past with the
future
Souvenir Plate/Salem China Co. (1951)
(1942: Compiled by Louis E. Kline)
1939:Charles Lazarus among retailers
that met with Franklin Roosevelt &
convinced him to move Thanksgiving
back a week FOR MORE SHOPPING TIME
BEFORE XMAS!
“The first Jewish people came to Columbus
via the national road & the canals in the
1830s. Many were merchants &‘Street
peddlers [that] sold food products from
their carts as well as china, pots & pans &
various household goods.’Eventually there
was reciprocity with the scrap yards & metal
recyclers.“
(From a panel at the Jewish Historical
Society)
“We built right
in the junk yard a
house, and afterwards we
moved across the street.”
-Abe Goldberg
(From a panel at the
J.H.S.)
Buckeye Bargains
Student Thrift Shop
Open every Wed., 4:00-8:00 PM
Room 101, VETERINARY
LABORATORY BLDG.
1949 Neil Ave.
Sponsored by
University Women's Club
The Veterinary Lab at OSU on Neil & 17th
Ave. was stunning, seen here in its early
days. (Facing West)
You can see
these guys
heading down
17th Ave. to
the scrap yard
most days.
He was
really nice,
he stopped
to fix my
bike.
Saw this at the
Global Mall on
Morse Road.
Swill coffee and
follow the thrift
store map...
When you stood
where the "slab"
was located you
could get a sense
of what they had
with a spin.
The Moundless Mounds
of Columbus
There were around 50 Native American mounds in Franklin County. Few remain.
When I moved to Columbus, I wondered, Where was the Mound of Mound Street?
Jeffers Mound
On a bluff overlooking the Olentangy Shrum Mound
On McKinley Ave.
A plaque reminds us that
those first Ohioans’ bones
rest here.
Centennial Auditorium at
the State Fairgrounds
(Death by demolition)
You see the salt mound
off of 670, on the way
to the airport.
Mound street derived it’s name from the 40 foot conical mound that
was gone by the 1830s. It was made of clay and had giant oak trees
around it’s base. High Street had to curve around it.
Different historical
sources speak of
bricks being made of
the downed mound and
of utilizing them in
the early US court
house, public
offices and Ohio
Statehouse.
Earliest 1800s:
a Dr. Young built a
double-sized frame house
on the summit of the
largest mound in
Franklin
County.
www.
ColumbusNeedsAMountain
A COTA souvenir I saw at Cafe Brioso at Gay
and High.
Proposed Centennial
float “The Mound
Builders”
Matt’s
new city
coat of
arms.
2012: The Native
American Center is at
67 E. Innis Road. (Not
far from Indian Mound
Apartments.)
Please, change Columbus Day to Native American Day!
**let’s not
forget the
garbage mound
I don’t know of an image of Dr. Young’s
house so I drew an existing 1848 engrav-
ing of the Grave Creek Mound in West
Virginia that also has a house on it. I
have also heard of racetracks being built
around the base of some mounds...
...I heard in 1856,
Robert Neil built his
house “on a mound” at
15th and Indianola,
now it’s a fraternity.
There’s also a house
“in a mound” in
Westerville. (Hanby
House)
At the fairgrounds: Martin Janis
Senior Center(1979)
Citizens For A Better Skyline
threw a contest to fill
vacant downtown spaces.
David Hartz proposed a
burial mound for Gov.
Rhodes’s statue.
Check out Matt
Moorman’s
(director of
flatland solu-
tions) brain-
child, a local
music compila-
tion at
(Columbus Monthly Aug.,1986)
.org
Now we have the Mound Street
bus route.
Jackson Pike Sewage Plant’s anaerobic digesters
“An old tin time capsule was
mangled while repairing the statue
of Schiller. It only contained
printed matter. In the Ohio State
Journal, 5/6/1889 5:1, there is an
article about the upcoming July 4
laying of the statue.”
1990: The time capsule will be buried in Schiller Park. The stainless
steel time capsule replaces the old tin one. “The new capsule
contains 1 book from the old capsule but the rest reflects German
Village in 1990. It will be opened in 100 OR 200 years! Containing
T-shirt, books, videotape about the village& letters from school
children. It is eerie each time we seam a time capsule. Carmine
Menduni said: "IT PUTS
TIME IN PERSPEC-
TIVE BECAUSE
YOU KNOW WHEN
IT IS OPENED WE
WILL ALL BE
DUST."
"Using radar
developed to test
the Stealth
bomber, a
restoration team
yesterday
confirmed that
workers had found
the cornerstone of
the statehouse."
The cornerstone, placed July 4, 1839, is a 7'2" x 3'3" piece of hollowed out limestone to make room for “a
flock of memorabilia.” “The cornerstone was swung into place & the time capsule deposits, securely packed
in strong flint glass jars were placed inside. These included 150 newspapers in hermetically sealed glass
tubes, lots of constitutions & ordinances& statuettes, bible, gold & silver coins from all the states” etc...
“The exercises will be
interspersed with daylight
fire works. These fire
works will be shot out of a
mortar, & as they go up
into the air they will so
unfold as to assume the
shape of persons, animals
& other objects.”
“Not many folks remember what Dr.
Samuel M. Smith did to deserve the statue
outside the Columbus Health Dept. (which
has since been shuttled to various spots)-
-Smith was the first person in the country
to hold a professorship of INSANITY.”
"Workers sprucing up the statue of Chris Columbus located at City
Hall uncovered a time capsule in the base of the statue, the copper
box was found beneath a heavy iron plate between Columbus' feet.
They found a 1955 OSU football schedule, microfilm of court
records, a VFW Membership and other stuff.”
Carmen Menduni(Columbus
Art Memorial) told me
"we find time capsules
buried beneath almost
all of our statue
restoration projects".
I asked him what was
the oddest thing he has
seen included
& he said Twinkies
—they contain
ingredients made from 5
kinds of rock. (RIP
Twinkies, Hostess Co.
Went bankrupt in 2012.)
Dr. Goodale gave the city
Goodale Park in 1851, but
he didn’t get a monument
till 1888.
1891: “The unveiling of the Soldiers’ Monument in
Green Lawn Cemetery began with a parade to the
Union depot & then a train to the cemetery. The
monument is 22 feet tall, with the ubiquitous soldier
on top. There is also a woman representing history &
she is telling a boy the story of the war.”
1902: arch erected at Camp Chase (On Sullivant
Ave.) in memory of confederate dead. ”Sweet-
scented Magnolia blossoms were strewn on the
graves & the band played Dixie”
The 1892 Statue of Chris-
topher Columbus used to be
in front of the Josephinum
Pontifical College, but in
1932, it was relocated to
the State House.
(I think out of these only the Schiller
Statue had a time capsule.)
Frances
anticipates
the ceremony
“As the cornerstone was swung into place by a giant crane,
Frances Boyajohn (dressed in what looks like
a wispy chiffon thing) swung with it. She
carried to the mayor and citizens, on her aerial trip, a civic
message: assuring them that the next generation appreci-
ates the starting of the Civic Center. She represented the
future citizens of Columbus as caretakers.”
Frances in
her aerial
descent
In a 2-cubic-foot aluminum container there will be "nothing stodgy" —
just contemporary 1970s artifacts & memorabilia. The time cap will be
filled with dry Argon gas & a mild alkali to preserve things like a
hamburger, frisbee & "bicentennial junk" — like a pair of R,W, & Blue
sunglasses w/built in earrings & a liberty bell wind chime. A Ms. Lynch
said:“These will represent our life in these times — making a buck on
anything." (It is located beneath the floor of the A.C.
Johnson Auditorium foyer.)
When you go in the 11th St. O.H.I.O. gate,
pass the "Presidential Grove" you will
find the tombstone-like time capsule
placed there in 1976 in celebration of the
US bicentennial. It contains Ohio sports
stuff, the usual coins & stamps, a T-shirt
& Levi jeans.
TIME CAPSULE VIEW WILL BE
COSMIC & COMIC:“the Ohio
Historical Society also made a
1976 US bicentennial time
capsule to be opened @ the
US tercentennial.
Couldn't find time capsules or cornerstones in
the Bronzeville/ King Lincoln (& later Poindex-
ter Village) neighborhoods, but some of the
buildings there are named for women. (1920s):
The gals would meet at the Glass Slipper next to
the Odeon theater on Sunday afternoons to figure
out how to finance the various building projects
their men were involved with. In appreciation
some buildings were named for the women: The
EDNA, Margarite, Bernadine & Theresa.
At Port Columbus Concourse B has a mezzanine floor containing a
case with 3 time capsules and other aviation history. 2 are
soldered shut copper caskets & the 3rd is an aluminum tube.
Apparently the time capsules commemorate virtual cornerstones.
We had one of the
first airports in
the country. The
administration building
is still on 5th Ave.
Saved in the 1950s from
oblivion by 1 man's
determination. It is a
stunning structure.
The aluminum tube is from
2004, marking the 75th
anniversary,there is too
long a list of
stuff to
fit here.
The First Box includes items
from the 1929 original terminal
opening, and the dedication of the
new terminal in 1958. Inside is a
history of Columbus aviation, a lot
plan for Port Columbus & a book
titled "We" by Charles Lindbergh.
From the 1958 cornerstone there
is a map of the proposed
outerbelt expressway. The
second copper casket is
for the 1981 cornerstone
dedication ceremony for
the airport renovation.
To be opened in
50 years, it will
have a complete
record of the
center’s history.
1992: “The
Greater Colum-
bus Convention
Center makes a
nod toward
tradition by
burying a time
capsule in the
sidewalk out
front.
I asked WOSU about
the whereabouts of
the time capsule the
station put together
in 1977 in honor of
the 75th WOSU anniversary but
no one knows where it is! An
article (Dispatch 5/2/1997, 8F)
says it contains station tapes
& memorabilia in a Plexiglas
display in the Fawcett Center's
lobby. Host Boyce Lancaster
said he recorded a history
about the station on DAT ”digi-
tal audio tape for those under
30 so who knows if it will
play" he said.
Citizen
Journal
Time
Capsule
1978
The American Insur-
ance Union really did
it up for the laying
of the cornerstone
ceremony February 12,
1925. Besides the time
capsule, an oblong box
placed in the corner-
stone, there is a
bronze plaque in the
lobby with the
building’s horoscope
showing the position
of the planets for the
occasion. In the
oblong box, the
time capsule holds
articles from the
older A.I.U.
Building- a flag
w/45 stars, the
charter for AIU
was issued in
1894 and an old
coin dated
1818.
1991: “It was supposed to be an historic event.
Dignitaries gathered at the Historical Society where a
tinsmith was to open a tin & lead box that had been
placed with much fanfare in the cornerstone of the old
Central Ohio Lunatic Asylum on July 4, 1870. Finally
the lid was carefully lifted off the box. EVERYONE
GASPED AS THEY GAZED ON A DECAYED
GLOB. “It had not been sealed properly & water had
leaked in. A MAYONNAISE JAR would have worked
better” it was noted.
The laying of the cornerstone in 1870 was a big deal.
The Ohio State Journal reported that a grand proces-
sion was lead down Broad Street by Masonic Knights
Templar in full costume. The Ohio Statesman
provided a list of items in the tin box.”
1995: “A metal box was pried from
the cornerstone of the YWCA
building on 4th St. Inside the time
capsule found during renovation
were several Columbus newspapers
dated 1928, a 48-star flag and a
history of the YWCA of Columbus
from its founding in 1886. The
capsule also contained the will of
Mary J. Griswald, whose bequest
made possible the construction of
the downtown facility.”
1980: “Workers
insulating an old
outside ice door @Joe
Palmer’s house
discovered a well-
preserved tin can time
capsule inside the
door. It contained a
March 21, 1935
evening Dispatch, 3
sales tax stamps & a
note telling of
purchasing a Westing-
house Dual-
Automatic Refrigera-
tor. Also noted was
the closing of the
‘outside icer’ door.”
1961: “Workmen dismantling the Alfred Kelley house
(It was next to Memorial Hall on Broad
Street.) found an old ‘time capsule’ hidden in a
chimney niche.
It yielded a bottle with a note that read: “Columbus. This
house was bilt (sic) in the year 1835 & reparad (sic) in the year
1856 by E. H. Lank esqui (sic) &
Smith H. Link, stone cutter” On the
reverse it had the name of the
bricklayers. The note was written on
British Crownmark paper.”
2012: The Cultural Arts Center (originally the
1861 State Armory…) made a time capsule calling
for small works by local artists to be
opened @ the Columbus Ter-
centennial. I remembered
Mark Gunderson made us these
hermetically sealed “Artis-
tic Licenses”
& I suggested
we include
them.
(Magazine)
2007 FDi
Magazine ranked
Columbus #3 in
U.S. for“Cities of
the Future.”
Original B&W by
Louis Goodwin
(Columbus Dispatch)
Columbus: Americas Crossroads (1980)
By Betty Garrett (with Ed Lentz) is one place you can read
the letter John Deshler wrote in 1915 & placed in the cornerstone
of the Deshler Hotel when the older Deshler Block was leveled. The
letter is addressed "TO THE OWNER OF THIS PROPERTY WHEN THIS BOX IS
OPENED" - a wonderful letter to the person who would be tearing down
his hotel (Included in the box he also placed the letters his
grandmother Betsy Green Deshler, an early Columbus settler, wrote to her
family back east about the Columbus wilderness). John's eloquent letter (he
was 62 at the time) is wise in future ruminations & it has such empathy. John
died in 1929. (We visit his tombstone in Green Lawn Cemetery regularly.) His
future predictions seem so much more grounded than the 1962 article featured
in this book.
Deshler's hotel was razed in 1969, and the new owner of the site wrote
an equally eloquent letter back: "to John G. Deshler, wherever he may
be." "There is no cornerstone for your letter because right now, the
site your family owned for 160 years is a parking lot for auto-
mobiles.... Which is as fitting to the Columbus we know today
as your hotel was to the Columbus you knew."
Happy Old Year.
2012 went away last night, on to the next milestone, in this case we
choose 2062:
PREDICTIONS SNIPPETS: Alana Shock predicts people will finally
understand that tomatoes will never taste good in the winter. Given
transportation costs, we will go back to seasonal availability of
crops.
Our luxury of transportation abuse will be much more closely
monitored; I hope for the return of trains & streetcars. Maybe
Canadian Geese drumsticks will be available. My (milder) anxiety
concerning sun, heat & drought will worsen.
I got lots of frightening dystopian predictions. My favorite is
from David Holtek: "Food that when you eat it makes an
advertisement play in your head!"
Several people mentioned versions of the city
becoming densely settled while the outer belt
housing developments will become a ghost town.
I asked Gary Hickman @ the sewer plant about
his predictions, since grey water buildings
are already happening & with the preciousness
of water, a central agency will be even more
neccesary. The greatest control he sees will
be the laws and government controlling what
can be put down the drain. (”Big Brother”
puts a camera in the toilet?)
Special
license plates on
Columbus police cars call atten-
tion to sesquicentennial celebration.
On November 15, 2011 we went
to the 150th birthday for the
statehouse. Coinciden-
tally the date was
also my mom’s
birthday: Ruth
Stary Bole
turned
88!
Chris Cont.
te
The Columbus
Dispatch Sales
Book looks
like this.
MY APPROACH: I began the images after 5 months of intensive research and my
discoveries. I wanted to suggest the overwhelming complexity of the history I
uncovered by constructing crowded images spanning times. It would be
impossible to convey such a scope in my pages, so these snippets follow the
subjects that piqued my particular slant, both major and minutia alike &
without rose-colored glasses. The title comes from a page in a thrift find: a
1930s–1940s Columbus Dispatch salesman course book. The graphics are stark,
humorous but with a strange sense of mind control! These images were one
early influence for this book. I used the word "photogenic" in the title, a
word used by early photographer Henry Fox Talbot to describe images that
reside somewhere between photographs and drawing/painting. All of the
images you see come directly from my research. Early on, I realized I
wasn’t making finished drawings, I needed to continue research all the
while fleshing out the pages, & finally concocting them in the computer.
Thanks computer. I know people who have spent much
more time studying this place than I will find
errors in my facts, I have tried to avoid this — &
I might dare you to take a look at the
incredible underbelly of this
place.
There is so much I wanted to include but have simply run out of
time. For example: A page utilizing the family tree or genealogy
chart image as a device for visualizing the complicated history of
banks &/or newspapers in this town which include all kinds of
liaisons, mergers & takeovers.
I wanted to do something about our grocery stores too (maybe a
Giant Eagle clawing a Big Bear).
I couldn’t find the right place for this 1780s map which shows
the future site of Columbus as a refugee tract — shaped
something like a mini Tennessee - given to compensate Canadian
sympathizers with the Americans during the Revolutionary War.
5th Avenue was the north boundary & Refugee Road - I always
wondered about the origin of its name — was the southern
border. From the Olentangy River it stretched 40 miles east.
It seems to me, war & water have made this town.
I wanted to do a page on the history on preserving the
history of Columbus. For instance, in one library I
could take out an 1850s book on the penitentiary for 2
weeks. In another, only pencil & paper are allowed
into the room itself, and you look at one document at
a time. Even the history of how collections have
morphed into new systems is fascinating.
I wanted to fit in a
picture of the White
Castle Systems
building on W.
Goodale St.
I can’t believe I
didn’t write about
the Kelton
House, but you
should take a
tour...
...is the address for
this Columbus
institution. I
wanted to do a page
about companies
that have stood the
test of time.
There is no better
place to go for a
secluded respite from
the daily day than a
picnic and a stroll
through the Brown
Pet Cemetery, but be
prepared for it to be
more emotional than you
thought. I have been
visiting for 20 years.
We had a picnic in the cemetery one
hot summer day. The police kicked us
out at dusk & as the cars exited the
pull-around, we each had a vision of
a large buck deer that had been hit
by a car so recently that there was
no smell wafting
through our
picnic on
that hot
summer
night.
The pet cemetery on Sawyer Rd. at the Columbus airport is
remarkable. (Get to the post office & keep going under the
runway, go right at the stop sign, you will see it on your left).
It appears to be surrounded by airport lands. In fact, standing
in the back of the place near the ravine, planes seem to be
coming in right next to you. Looking down at the ravine & the
creek below, we could see where someone had taken the vandalized
monuments & made small satellite plots with the tossed out
stones.
Brown Pet Cemetery has so many flavors. There is a pedigree
pup section, & the regimented military-style stones look the
part. Then there are the many
Do-It-Yourselfers utilizing
inventive materials. One of my
favorites now all washed away
& falling apart, is for Kutia.
The cat’s wooden & cement
monument comes
complete
with a boot
cleaning
brush for a decoration (???).
I love that the owners made
a wooden birdhouse with their
cat’s name on it in the pine
tree near by so Kutia could
continue her favorite pastime.
There are the monuments
emulating the human
counterparts in your
typical Victorian cemetery
(some graves are almost 100
years old) & in general,
the pain of the inscribed
words to these dear pets
cut to the bone.
PicnicAt
The
Waiting
at
Port
Columbus
Airport?
Visit
this
hundred
year-plus
gigundo
pet
cemetery.
Calling
all
VANDALS
Please
STOP
Kutia
has gone
to rack &
ruin but,
they put
up a bird
house for
super-
natural
hunts.
I want to thank Finding Time: ColumbusPublicArt2012 for this rewarding
opportunity, especially Malcolm Cochran, Program Director, along with Shelly
Willis, Dow Kimbrell, Diane Nance and Jennifer McNally. The fascinating,
exotic and sobering discoveries of this project have given even greater depth
and richness to the experience of living in Columbus, my adopted city.
Thanks to all the public institutions and individuals whose help was
critical in completing this book:
Mary Albrecht / for Doo-Dah Parade photographs
Joe Blundo / Columnist, The Columbus Dispatch
Willis Brown / Bronzevillian and President,
Bronzeville Association
Kevin Gleich / Operator, and Anthony Kohler,
Plant Manager, Dublin Road Water Treatment Plant
Gary Hickman / Plant Manager, Jackson Pike Wastewater
Treatment Plant
Ed Lentz / Historian
Father Kevin Lutz / Director, Jubilee Museum and Catholic
Cultural Center
Jeffrey Lyttle / Chase Bank
Chris Metheney / Historic Site Manager, Ohio Statehouse Museum
Jennifer Morehart / Archivist, Columbus Jewish Historical Society
Doug Motz / Board President, Columbus Historical Society
Fred Scruton / for the photograph of Jim Beoddy at Comfest
Chris Steele / Citizens for a Better Skyline
Doreen Uhas-Sauer / Columbus Landmarks Foundation
Michael Wilkos / Senior Community Research and Grants
Management Officer, The Columbus Foundation
Christian Zacher / Professor Emeritus, Department of History,
The Ohio State University
Columbus Paper Postcard and Book Show
Matchbook collections
Chris Conti , Ann & Mark Gunderson, and MJ Bole
FOR RESEARCH
Columbus Metropolitan Library
Librarians at the Main Library / Julie Callahan and
Scott Caputo , along with Bonnie Chandler,
Nancy Kangas, Russ Pollitt, and Nick Taggart
at the Hilltop Branch / Cynthia Anderson
Grandview Heights Public Library
Ohio Historical Society
Tutti Jackson, Project Curator
Archive of photographs of the salvage of the Ohio Penitentiary
by Jack Rosenfeld
Ohioana Library
State Library of Ohio
The Ohio State University Archives
Michelle Drobik, Curator
(including the one of me wearing a merkin
and asking “Is this ok?”)
(especially)
(especially)
Ohio Environmental Protection Agency
www.epa.state.oh.us
UndergroundColumbus
www.undergroundcolumbus.com
Forgotten Ohio
www.forgottenoh.com
FOR COMMENTARY & FEEDBACK ALONG THE WAY
Candace Black
Malcolm Cochran
Kendra Hovey
Mike Rep Hummel
Sherrill Massey
FOR DESIGN & PRODUCTION
Amy McCrory / Digital Imaging Specialist, Preservation Department,
The Ohio State University Libraries, took the high quality
photographs of my images.
Eric Nassau / helped with many of the initial transfers. Without
his careful work, I could have never completed this book in the
given time.
Kelly Crowe / picked up the slack when Eric and I got bogged
down in production.
Colin McDonald, Amanda Lake, Chris Castorano and Scott Litch /
allowed me to realize what I envisioned in my head through their
graphic design skills and useful input.
Meredith Reuter / Graphic Designer, Base Art Co., designed the
acknowledgement pages.
Ann Bremner / contributed her editing expertise.
Mark Kurtz and Fred Gamber / AM Lithography Corporation,
executed the quality printing.
& anyone I have forgotten…
ombing Columbus: Photogenic Drawings for the
Bicentennial is one of 13 projects that comprised
Finding Time: ColumbusPublicArt2012, a program
of temporary public art developed to dovetail with the
celebration of the bicentennial of Columbus, Ohio. In this context,
Time and Place became obvious organizing principles. The curatorial
team encouraged artists to explore the physical and philosophical
measurements of time while making the city of Columbus aware of
the passing of time, the use of time, measurement of time, the
chronology of a life, world time, and the notion of temporary and
permanent. Place was defined as the core downtown: Spring Street
to the north, Main Street to the south, COSI to the west and the
Columbus Metropolitan Library to the east—a small plot at the heart
of our 212-square-mile (and counting) city. Within these conceptual
and physical parameters, however, we sought artists whose works
represent the broad spectrum of contemporary public art in multiple
forms and media. Finding Time projects ranged from the
familiar—sculpture and murals—to unexpected installations, sound
works, and performances in non-traditional sites that transformed
the downtown into an open-air gallery.
This book is one of two projects that straddle the realms of the
unexpected and the familiar. The other is a project to commission
12 composers to write new works for the bells at Trinity Episcopal
Church. Books and music do not readily come to mind when one
thinks of public art. Yet there are centuries-old conventions of
commissioning compositions and commemorative books for civic
and state occasions and celebrations. And what could be more
public than the soundscape within earshot of the bell tower of
Trinity Church and the Columbus Metropolitan Library, one of the
city’s most public institutions?
Columbus artist Mary Jo Bole is not new to the world of artist books.
In addition to works on particular subjects about which she is
passionate, she has created limited-edition books about her home
city of Cleveland and has captured her perceptions of places she has
traveled such as The Netherlands and Dresden, Germany. When the
Finding Time curatorial team approached her in autumn 2010 to
commission a book about Columbus, she readily agreed. We knew
that the result would be a wide-ranging, surprising, and
unpredictable window onto the city she calls home. Bole is by
nature an avid researcher, and she is a multifaceted artist. She
proposed that she spend the bicentennial year ferreting out and
cataloging aspects of Columbus’ past and present, making drawings
and paintings based on her findings, and compiling them in a book.
The public component of her project would be placing copies in all
Columbus Metropolitan Library branches and making the book
available at a reasonable cost.
It is now January 2013, and a dummy copy of the book is spread
out on my dining room table. On visits to Bole’s studio throughout
the year, I’ve witnessed its development. But only now, with all 48
pages in front of me, do I fully grasp what is contained between its
deceptively spare covers. The pages are dense with images and
information. How to describe a work that exists on so many levels
and covers so much ground? And what does it reveal about this
artist’s perspective on our city? An essay in the January 5, 2013
New York Times helps me out. In “Rapturous Research,” writer Sean
Pidgeon confesses: “I am addicted to looking things up.” Research
rapture, he writes, is:
A state of enthusiasm or exaltation arising from the exhaustive
study of a topic or period of history; the delightful but dangerous
condition of becoming repeatedly sidetracked in following
intriguing threads of information, or constantly searching for
one more elusive fact.
If anyone has research rapture, it is MJ Bole. And thank goodness
for us that she has this affliction. Her delight in historical facts and
curiosities has driven her extensive research in libraries and archives
throughout the city where she has unearthed historical images and
stories of Columbus ranging from the profound and moving to the
absurd and hilarious. She has picked the brains of local historians
and hunted down artifacts and oddities in neighborhoods
circumscribed by the I-270 outerbelt and beyond. Bole has distilled
a smorgasbord of material into pages where decades and centuries
overlap and mingle. Hidden treasures found off the beaten path
coexist with icons of Columbus such at the Statehouse and the
Leveque Tower. In some drawings, she captures little-known
historical moments fixed in time; in others she lays bare the city in
a sort of x-ray vision by which the Columbus of 1812, 1862, 1960,
1989, and 2012 are simultaneously present. At the heart of the
book is the river that runs through the heart of the city: the Scioto,
rendered as a timeline from its pristine origins to today. A recurring
theme of the book is how Columbus has seen itself over the course
of its 200-year history.
Dear reader, you hold the results in your hands. This is anything but
your conventional celebratory coffee-table tome. Between these
covers lie the wonderful and the remarkable mashed-up with the
long lost and dust bunnies of Ohio’s Capital City. How would you
describe the volume that comes from her “combing” of Columbus?
A work of graphic non-fiction and a richly illustrated history for
adults and kids alike to pour over, it is Bole’s-Believe-It-Or-Not take
on our city. Ultimately—and in spite of its irreverent moments—I
think you’ll agree that it is a work of deep appreciation for all that is
unique to Columbus past and present, with a glimpse into the future
and forthcoming centennial years. In the end, it is a labor of love
and a lasting gift of public art.
Malcolm Cochran
Program Director / Curator
Finding Time: ColumbusPublicArt2012
FINDING TIME PROGRAM TEAM
Shelly Willis Curator / Program Consultant
Dow Kimbrell Curatorial Assistant
Jennifer McNally Program Assistant
Cleve Ricksecker Downtown Liaison
Finding Time: ColumbusPublicArt2012,
was made possible with the financial support,
grants, in-kind gifts, volunteer time, talents,
dedication, and collaborative effort of many
different organizations, individuals, local
businesses, and public agencies. Program
organizers are deeply grateful to all who have
contributed to this initiative.
PRIMARY SUPPORT for Combing Columbus: Photogenic Drawings
for the Bicentennial was provided by the National Endowment for
the Arts, the Roy V. and Eloise F. Thomas Fund and the Robert F.
Werner Fund at The Columbus Foundation, and the Greater
Columbus Arts Council.
FINDING
TIME
FINDING
TIME
SPONSORS
NEIGHBORHOOD PARTNERSHIP GRANTS PROGRAM
I took
a picture of
Malcolm holding
Chris in a
hermetically
sealed container
@ The Clark
County Historical
Society in
Springfield, Ohio.
Combing columbus web
Combing columbus web

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Combing columbus web

  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3. Commissioned by Finding Time: ColumbusPublicArt2012 Copyright © 2013 by Mary Jo Bole All rights reserved. Edition of 750 Printing: AM Lithography Corporation, Chicopee, MA 01013 ISBN: 978-0-615-75833-6
  • 4.
  • 5. 1819: The Christopher Columbus Tavern was on S. High St. There was a sign board depicting Columbus landing on Western soil. -Gilbert F. Dodds says so...
  • 6. Columbus was the last person to see the new world before global (stew) began to take place. He was the first to see the yawning biological gap between (his) Europe and the Americas ...(1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus) 1892 Properly called “the Christopher Columbus Discovery Monument”, It was first located at the Josephinum Pontifical College courtyard on Main St. ...donated to the state in 1932
  • 7. Malcolm Cochran’s field of giant corn ears. 1994 Dublin Arts Council Columbus Metropolitan Library’s call # is Bronzeville stretches from 71 to Woodland & from 670 to Broad. -1920s historically African-American neighborhood whose energy & prosperity supported the 5 jazz theaters. Wiki says, “It’s an informal name for the Somali-language film industry that has devel- oped in the Somali community of Columbus, Ohio. Where a large Somali diaspora exists.” 1965 2001 Godman Guild Goodale Park FLYTOWN MARKER GOODALE STREET SPRUCE STREET NEW YORK CENTRAL RAILROAD HARRISONAVENUE NEILAVENUE DENNISONAVENUE OlentangyRiver ARCH CITY I’ve Called You Was a Columbus steelmaker known for it’s long time president Samual Bush. Grand and Great- grand Father of Pres. George/George W. Bush. (Buried @ Greenlawn Cemetery) I love that we have an official state fossil, a trilobite that was 9.5” in length. The Isotelus Maximus. I have a Dr. that tells me that Columbus is the “Kidney Stone Belt.” Bankrupt 2002 The Buckeye Capital MARTIN A simplified version of the story says that Native Americans named the fruit of the buckeye tree after a BUCK’S EYE. 1840s “T.L. Shields moved the above establishment, where he intends to serve up all kinds of drinks and eatables on the shortest notice. Turtle Soup will be served on Tuesdays and Thursdays.” Abbreviated from the Bronze Historic Marker: One of the many activi- ties for children at the Godman Guild. The Godman Guild was founded by women, especially school teacher Anna Keagle, to support the immi- grant children. The Guild still exists. Flytown became known as the port entry for the immigrant settlers. 17 nation- alities contributed to the spirit and culture of Flytown. By 1880 it was an industrial neighborhood as well. The OSU Mascot Brutus Buckeye ...The Largest City In The Country called Some say Flytown was so named because the houses flew up overnight or maybe the overcrowding and lack of refuse removal caused a lot of flies. Or that the residents were migratory and quickly flew out. (There is an annual Flytown Reunion in Goodale Park) 977.13 C72M 1962 Bottom of Ray Rohn’s caricature from “Club Men of Columbus”. (1911) My book is a thrift find An OSU nickname “College In The Corn Field!”
  • 8. The Discovery City! Biggest Small Town In America! SISTER CITIES OF COLUMBUS Genoa, Italy Sevilla, Spain Herzliya, Israel Ahedabad, India Dresden, Germany Tainan, Taiwan Odense, Denmark Hefei, China “Don’t change the size or position of graphic elements or put the logo on an angle or lock up promotional slogans with the logo.” “To guarantee that our new identity is successful, the city of Columbus must be vigilant in ensuring that its brand identity is clearly communicated.” No longer can you see Flippo @ 4:30 daily on Channel 10. But you can see his giant shoes at the Ohio Historical Society. Inside City Hall look to your right and you’ll see this dedication to the sister cities of Columbus: Ahmedabad, Dresden, Genoa, Hefei, Herzliya, Odense & Tainan The Columbus Artificial Limb Company (Also pictured in the P. & P. Club Book) Columbus Oil Cloth Company (Pictured in The 1915 Pen & Pencil Club Book) Adopted Sept. 12, 1912The Columbus Pottery Company 1789 1851 1929 Published by The Columbus Chamber of Commerce (1914) (company mag. 1962) The S. Fund Door in City Hall (Official Publication of the City of Columbus 1918) (1910) Old Franklinton Court House weather vane riddled with bulletst City Hall Rug (A survey made by the Econometric Institute)
  • 9.
  • 10. Doral Chenoweth III/Dispatch Loveday, Chief Curator at the Ohio Historical Society, inspects the inside of the Statehouse cupola. The structure, at right, is the outside of the dome. By Robert Albracht Dispatch Staff Reporter When Chris took me on the Statehouse tour I asked him what was the strangest thing they found left up in the cupola by an early visitor... ...He showed me the cat in a shoebox, now just dust and bones. The Madstones (also called bezoars) and their attributed curative powers can be found in the stomachs or intestines of cud chewing animals. Graffiti left behind by a prisoner who constructed the Statehouse but, the name is illegible. Early visitors allowed up to the cupola were instructed to: You enter through this custom-fit door and climb these steep, narrow, twisting stairs. A section of the second fence, placed around the Capitol Square in the 1870s, now edges the underground parking garage.
  • 11.
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  • 13. Lookwell Ann Able Ann Ringold Sturdy Ann Why Cowtown? Dispatch’s Joe Blundo says in his “Simply Bovine” article (1997), “We’ve been ashamed of our cows since the early 19th century , when the original Ohio Statehouse had cattle grazing on the grounds.” Alfred Lee’s History noted that it ...Joe’s article also says cattle were stabled in the new Statehouse basement. An 1879 report by the state adjutant general noted that the appearance of the statehouse basement “would have done credit to any barnyard in the country.” Infamously submitted by the agri- culture students, a living cow became OSU’s homecoming queen in 1926. Bicentennial Butter Cow. (The first was in 1903 @ the Ohio State Fair) Are there other cowtowns? Yes! Tim Rietenbach’s sculpture on the Scioto for “Finding Time: Columbus Public Art 2012” Found in a Business First Newspaper, 1988 1951 Dispatch celebrates 80th birthday Borden’s food division was based in Columbus, Ohio and Elsie the cow was their mascot. She trav- eled around the country on promo- tional trips for Borden. OSU students attempted to get hired as “Elsie Escorts”. Look for an Elsie imposter on Elmer’s Glue. Elsie ™ People coming to Columbus on Route 23, from the south, knew they were near Columbus when they saw the vast fields of Hartman’s Dairy cows. Hartman became rich making the infamous Peruna, a largely alcoholic medical fraud marketed as a remedy. made for “an awk- ward appearance to strangers...” “The biggest small town in America” There was a Centennial float advertising Dairy and carrying a milkmaid and a genuine cow. Organized in NYC in 1868, The American Jersey Cattle Assoc. moved to Columbus in 1946 “After a long study.”
  • 14. Seems like there’s co(w)-optation in some local music circles... There was Moo Maga- zine (last issue ‘97) With headings like these... What happens when ya’put two moosters in a room? Well, when it comes to chewin’ over music, they’ll either duke it out or share a jug... EGO SUMMIT I LOOOVE LEAVING NEW YORK CITYYYY!!!! bungalowjazz.com 1969 - 2000 Google Columbus, one of our nicknames is “The Indie Capital.” Weekly rag 1940s Wikipedia says “Qube was a cable televi- sion system that launched in Columbus, 1977” R.I.P. South Campus. Only a few issues around 1990. It came with a cassette tape. While the DooDah Parade started in Pasadena Community Festival is our own claim to fame. ? 10:00 PM Ronald Koal Band Shuttered. Closed Gone. 4 a good time call 299-ROCK 1985 - 2010 Goblin H ood a.k.a. J im Beoddy at t he 2012 ComF est. Since 1972 A zine by self proclaimed “Ohio freak” Liz Clayton. Community Festival JUNE26.27.28 2009 Handmade & Homegrown SINCE1972 Community Festival JUNE 26.27.28 2009 Handmade & Homegrown SINCE1972 ColumbusAlive.com Free live music on 2 sta ges. An ad in Moo Magazine By Robert D Thomas 1986 You can take free classes and learn to play the organ the Magic way! Lyceum 23 Junctionview Studios Corbett Reynold’s “Circuit Party” & some others, too...
  • 15. The united commercial travelers, begun in 1888 was a fraternal order to provide a safety net for traveling salesmen & their families. Now the building houses the Pizzuti Art Collection. This sculpture now located in Goodale Park, commemorates the first supreme secretary of the council. It contains three words of wisdom: unity, temperance & charity, it is now missing two side urns. This is one of the best lighted cities in the world...( Glimpse of Columbus 1890) Original B&W by Larry Keys (1910) Cham berofCom m erce Elections1921 Mr. Oats (Gas Co. Logo) as a 1907 “ ” “ ” “…Columbus is easily the greatest CONVENTION CITY on earth!... “…Take for instance the City of Columbus planted in the very central Ohio...Columbus is a city of level streets. There are no inclines worth mentioning…” .... It might be said that Columbus is possessed of 27 means of ingress and egress..." “…This natural Rock Asphalt has been mixed by nature through the slow processes of the ages & is wholly natural…” The Jeffrey Manufacturing Co. is now a giant empty lot but it was a major mining equipment manufacturer like this coal-getting mobile. The retail merchants of Columbus have decided to make WEDNESDAY of each week SUBURBAN DAY in Columbus. (probably a Billy Ireland but I couldn't find a signature) Memorial Hall (1906) Convention Space
  • 16. OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THECOLUMBUS CHAMBER OF COMMERCE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE RESEARCH DEPARTMENT POPULATION - GOING UP. 1950 1955 The square milk bottle is an example. Borden’s tried this in Columbus first in 1944. Columbus liked it and said so. Now, 90% of the bottles which clink on the nations doorsteps in a morning are square. for the Central Ohio Community & COLUMBUS LOOKS GOOD! ON Sits the first drive though Bank from the 1950s. It was a City National (Chase Bank).. ...now its the Columbus Fish Market Tomorrow’s supersonic passenger transports will span the continent in one and a half hours.Transport may take off of Broad-High base for short flights. Fred Zimmer has my vote for most underapprecia ted artist in Columbus. He did these “Looking Far Ahead” images in 1963 for the BLUE PLAN. N New York and Chicago advertising circles, Columbus, Ohio, has a new alias - I Downtown Columbus is really Uptown these days.Its an Uptown of new motor hotels,modern office buildings, banking,parking accommodations & commercial enterprises (From the Sunday Dispatch Mag.1/27/63) OCT 13 1963 1957 1948 Original B&W by Al Getchell ”Freeways, housing & business construction are booming outside the downtown area. COLUMBUS IS GETTING A NEW FACE. A civic boost into the future so bright the chamber of commerce finds it difficult to exaggerate.” “How your company may benefit from one of the newest, most intensive studies ever made of a typical American city.” -Readers Digest IN THE SPIRIT OF BETTERMENT 2009 Business Week names Columbus“as the best place in the Country to raise a family.” The Blue Plan predicts Reliability is a necessity! Product after product has been tested in Columbus, with ultimate national sales results affirming that what Columbus indicated, the nation approved. (Dispatch Mag. 1/23/1949)
  • 17. Founded in Wichita - by 1934 the headquarters were moved to Columbus. Founder Billy Ingram used WHITE to sound clean & CASTLE to add respectability On a Friday night in October, 1976, the Union Depot Arcade was razed to make room for the Ohio Center. Memorial Hall designed by Frank Packard in 1906 withstood the wrecking ball by becoming COSI in 1964 & offices in 1999. Christopher Inn (1963-1988) Razed & replaced with an office building. The Alfred Kelley House (1836-1960) was razed & replaced with the Christopher Inn. (I wish I could print this whole article) “Welcome to the future: By now, Columbus’ bicentennial year, we were supposed to be driving the OUTER-OUTERBELT… but many would cringe to read that to provide water for the population predictions the Big Darby Creek would be DAMMED TO CREATE A RESERVOIR….” ...peaked in the 1980s. Headquarters were on Dublin Road for awhile. (Architect) P. Eisenmann: ”We wanted to create something that animated the city. It’s not the tired, old, classical view of the courthouse, state house, etc. It’s a 21st-century monument.” The Lustron Factory was located in Columbus on Fifth Ave. out by the airport. The factory reputedly used “more electricity than the whole city of Columbus” & you were invited to “put down the hammer & saw & pick up a wrench.” The Lustron factory site is now a DSW shoe warehouse. (opening/1989, closing/2009) …The “Ohio Center” opened 9/10/1980. (It included the Hyatt Regency Hotel). In 1985, the name was going to be “New World Center” (but) in 1993 it did become the: Historical Marker 104-25 By C.T. Jonassen (1987) (1976) Columbus was selected by Warner Communications to be the TEST MARKET for Qube cable (1947-1950) made enamel steel-kit homes for housing demand. *The original ‘62 article says “mind reading will be possible with electronic objects, too.” “..the rapid growth of suburban shopping centers in metropolitan areas poses many and varied problems..” A copy of the Sunday Magazine is in storage @ the C.M.L. The call number is R 977.13 C72co 1812-1962
  • 18. Insert goes here From the same article: Tibbals- Crumley-Musson architects weigh in with their 1992 prediction: (original in B&W) Conjuring the Future: Mid-Century Visions of 1992 (Dispatch article: 10/14/1962) "Columbus Looks Ahead" : "view from Broad Street Bridge, looking North." (Original B&W by Holroyd & Myers, now liquidated.) " ..elevated streets & with buildings which float freely in the air but are moored to the ground."
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 21. Insert goes here 1871: first municipal water system was located at the conflu- ence of the Olentangy & Scioto Rivers. This is "Drip Tracer", I asked when the mascot came into being, they said the person who knew had retired. He looks like a ‘60s friend of Chris (Early 1800s: the main source of water in Columbus came from cisterns & wells.) I hope we don’t have a There is a small museum at the Dublin Water Works. Before 9/11 schools came to tour it and the facility. Now some of the interactive exhibits don't work com- pletely. My favorite is a large round overview of our water system that illumi- nates while audio explains what you're seeing. The museum has a section of old wooden pipe Columbus as a Convention City (1910): "... It would scarce seem necessary to recount- a matter of which all the world is, by this time, doubtless informed- At enormous expense a mammoth reservoir associating therewith "Filtration," "Softening," & "Purification Plants." Her supply of water is practically inexhaustible & no city in the world can hope to possess a water supply more potably pure.Typhoid Fever if found at all is in a percentum so small as to be negligible." (The tower is for flushing out the filter gallery) You can read about it in the Annual Report GASKILL’S 10,000,000-GALLON COMPOUND PUMPING MACHINE (1884) The "Filtering Gallery" as it is now. The simulated aquifer pools provide final cleaning for our water. It is stunning visually. Sadly plans are already underway to replace/update it. The curved terrazzo 1970s architecture & the teal blue enameled control panels that still need a person to push the ON button will all be gone. Sorry I wasn't allowed to take pictures. “Proposals in the late '60s and early '70s to dam the main stem of the Big Darby would have destroyed or adversely affected large portions of its natural habitat and severely stressed its biota.” (Big Darby Creek Case Study, December 2000, EPA) this article discusses new serious threats to the Big Darby from encroaching development.
  • 22. Gary took us on a Tour of the Jackson Pike Sewer Plant(built in 1835). Apparently the terrorists don't like the "heavy stuff" sewage. Here I was allowed to bring friends and camera. When a 125-year-old sewer collapsed & opened a pit in Spring St. Mayor Rinehart took the holier-, not holeyer-, than-thou approach saying Columbus experiences fewer such collapses than cities like New York & Philadelphia. In one "pond" GMO sterile Triploid carp are hired to filter out Duckweed & moss. Mascara & other makeup contain siloxanes that combine with methane gas in the digesters producing a microscopic silica ash that is damaging to the equipment. One end of the process: dumpsters hold "grit" that sifts down from tubes. The yellow spots(& some green) are CORN & some peas. Gary said they call that FOOD! Tampon plungers are called "boat whistles", condoms are "party balloons". “Jackson Pike can process 68 million gallons of ‘flow’ per day. In the primary treatment the grease is skimmed off. The ammonia in urine is the really hard chemical to filter out. ‘You think it smells? All we smell is $,’ Gary said. Each person contributes roughly 100 gallons per day to the sewerage. The water we put back into the river is cleaner than what is pumped into the water treatment plant.” The. Columbus Closet Co. Manu- facturers of the Blesch patent Water Closet & other sanitary specialties (like the Ohio Model Toilet). ( Glimpse of Columbus 1890) 1908: Columbus' first waste water treatment plant: Very basically, beginning with septic tanks waste flowed over stones & the 100 water sprinklers allowed for an “aerobic biological treatment” before the sludge flowed into the Scioto river. The "Gregory Paper" describes the system, & the "outstanding work of the sanitary engineering visionaries.“ Waste treatment mimics the natural cleaning processes of a river, on a grand scale. The system uses water as a conveyance system. Aerobic Digesters Sunday Dispatch Mag. 3/28/1948 pump house 1908 pump house 2012 The 1935 buildings have trim painted in "interstate green." a.k.a., “Columbus Sewage Purification Works” road closures collapsed roadway spring st. highst. frontst.
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  • 27. columbus state hospital ohio inst. for the feeble minded green lawn cemetery franklin Park u.s. army columbus general distribution depot tuberculosis sanatorium w. broad st. e. broad st. town st. 40 40 40 40 16 33 62 alum creek alumcreekrd. 104 104 23 33 40 23 3 62 hilltop swimming pool grandview swimming pool goodale st. spring st. fifth ave. fifth ave. fifth ave. dublin rd. king ave. goodale park leonard ave. union station dennisonave. taylorave. sunburyrd. neilave. olentangyriver sciotoriver mckinley ave. crystal springs dr. ohio state penitentiary grandviewave. centralave. davisst. sanduskyst. sullivant ave. greenlawn ave. whittier st. deshler ave. crystal park swimming pool schiller parkbrownrd. frank rd. sewage disposal plant columbus baseball club mt. calvary cemetarymound st. e. broad st. e. main st. price field franklin county home refugee rd. e. livingston ave. bryden rd. maryland ave. maryland park swimming pool producerscooperative commission bath house swimming pool east side swimming pool governor’s mansion livingston park nu-sanitary swimming pool capital university fort hayes ohio military district school forthe blind n.highst. s.highst. parsonsave. championave. nelsonrd. college ave. drexelrd. jamesrd. bagshawrd. courtrightrd. stelzerrd. cassadyave. s.frontst. sciotoriver BEFORE THERE WERE FREEWAYS, BEFORE THE OUTERBELT: I read that “The Columbus State Hospital” was huge. For those of you that remember how large the Ohio State Penitentiary site was, look at how many you could have fit into the State Hospital grounds. I think this Chamber of Commerce map is from the 1940s. You can see the original at the Ohioana Library.
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  • 29. 5000 women marched in Columbus for the right to vote, “stump speeches” followed the parade. The 19th amend- ment was not passed until 1920. I think I heard this was rained out Indian Corn Dance Rhinelander Dance Dutch Dance Beautiful Doll” “Oh, You Third prize in Monday night’s auto parade: C.D. Savier & friends all togged up like roosters. Speakers platform & reviewing stand THE HISTORY OF OHIO TOLD BY $10,000 WORTH OF FLOATS Wednesday, August 28, 1912 When Columbus Celebrated its Centennial... The Court of Honor was erected on Broad St. H OSTE R BR E W E R Y ..Bunting & Festoons for everyone The Parade of Industries
  • 30. Original B&W Chris By July 4th, 1989 We interrupt this issue of HOOT to bring you the unofficial Chris is right at home with his DooDah pals. A Columbus Co. now called Big Lots Apparently in 1959 when Castro was violently coming to power, he hid his mother and sister here at The Seneca Hotel so they would be out of the way in case anybody wanted to take it out on his family. (Dispatch 7/8/2001)
  • 31. I nstead of bar ter, Simon Lazarus i nstitutes fixed prices 1860s: re ady-made & siz ed clothing i nstead of fitted c lothing. 1896:Pet Alligatorin thestore 1905:Bird cageon the mezzanine 1907: Stabletobe horsepalace. Bigstorage vaultsputin forfurs. 1929:Becomes partofthe Federated networkof familyrun departmentstores. Creativeideasforall kindsofcommunity programs&events. “Women’ s apparel w as offered f or the firs t time in this buildi ng.” “ANNEX acquired, formerly an auditorium.” “PARKING& SERVICEGARAGEoccupies triangular loton riverfront.” ”BU LK SERVICE BU ILDING & c ustomer service a dded.” ”High Street façade acquired” The store didn’t keep up with changing times, leads to slow demise start- ing in the 1970s. BY 1989: 44 Lazarus stores 1 billion in sales for the year but filing for chapter 11 bankruptcy RIP Lazarus (2004- now Macy’s Depart- ment Store) RIP linking the past with the future Souvenir Plate/Salem China Co. (1951) (1942: Compiled by Louis E. Kline) 1939:Charles Lazarus among retailers that met with Franklin Roosevelt & convinced him to move Thanksgiving back a week FOR MORE SHOPPING TIME BEFORE XMAS! “The first Jewish people came to Columbus via the national road & the canals in the 1830s. Many were merchants &‘Street peddlers [that] sold food products from their carts as well as china, pots & pans & various household goods.’Eventually there was reciprocity with the scrap yards & metal recyclers.“ (From a panel at the Jewish Historical Society) “We built right in the junk yard a house, and afterwards we moved across the street.” -Abe Goldberg (From a panel at the J.H.S.)
  • 32. Buckeye Bargains Student Thrift Shop Open every Wed., 4:00-8:00 PM Room 101, VETERINARY LABORATORY BLDG. 1949 Neil Ave. Sponsored by University Women's Club The Veterinary Lab at OSU on Neil & 17th Ave. was stunning, seen here in its early days. (Facing West) You can see these guys heading down 17th Ave. to the scrap yard most days. He was really nice, he stopped to fix my bike. Saw this at the Global Mall on Morse Road. Swill coffee and follow the thrift store map... When you stood where the "slab" was located you could get a sense of what they had with a spin.
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  • 37. The Moundless Mounds of Columbus There were around 50 Native American mounds in Franklin County. Few remain. When I moved to Columbus, I wondered, Where was the Mound of Mound Street? Jeffers Mound On a bluff overlooking the Olentangy Shrum Mound On McKinley Ave. A plaque reminds us that those first Ohioans’ bones rest here. Centennial Auditorium at the State Fairgrounds (Death by demolition) You see the salt mound off of 670, on the way to the airport. Mound street derived it’s name from the 40 foot conical mound that was gone by the 1830s. It was made of clay and had giant oak trees around it’s base. High Street had to curve around it. Different historical sources speak of bricks being made of the downed mound and of utilizing them in the early US court house, public offices and Ohio Statehouse. Earliest 1800s: a Dr. Young built a double-sized frame house on the summit of the largest mound in Franklin County. www. ColumbusNeedsAMountain A COTA souvenir I saw at Cafe Brioso at Gay and High. Proposed Centennial float “The Mound Builders” Matt’s new city coat of arms. 2012: The Native American Center is at 67 E. Innis Road. (Not far from Indian Mound Apartments.) Please, change Columbus Day to Native American Day! **let’s not forget the garbage mound I don’t know of an image of Dr. Young’s house so I drew an existing 1848 engrav- ing of the Grave Creek Mound in West Virginia that also has a house on it. I have also heard of racetracks being built around the base of some mounds... ...I heard in 1856, Robert Neil built his house “on a mound” at 15th and Indianola, now it’s a fraternity. There’s also a house “in a mound” in Westerville. (Hanby House) At the fairgrounds: Martin Janis Senior Center(1979) Citizens For A Better Skyline threw a contest to fill vacant downtown spaces. David Hartz proposed a burial mound for Gov. Rhodes’s statue. Check out Matt Moorman’s (director of flatland solu- tions) brain- child, a local music compila- tion at (Columbus Monthly Aug.,1986) .org Now we have the Mound Street bus route. Jackson Pike Sewage Plant’s anaerobic digesters
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  • 39. “An old tin time capsule was mangled while repairing the statue of Schiller. It only contained printed matter. In the Ohio State Journal, 5/6/1889 5:1, there is an article about the upcoming July 4 laying of the statue.” 1990: The time capsule will be buried in Schiller Park. The stainless steel time capsule replaces the old tin one. “The new capsule contains 1 book from the old capsule but the rest reflects German Village in 1990. It will be opened in 100 OR 200 years! Containing T-shirt, books, videotape about the village& letters from school children. It is eerie each time we seam a time capsule. Carmine Menduni said: "IT PUTS TIME IN PERSPEC- TIVE BECAUSE YOU KNOW WHEN IT IS OPENED WE WILL ALL BE DUST." "Using radar developed to test the Stealth bomber, a restoration team yesterday confirmed that workers had found the cornerstone of the statehouse." The cornerstone, placed July 4, 1839, is a 7'2" x 3'3" piece of hollowed out limestone to make room for “a flock of memorabilia.” “The cornerstone was swung into place & the time capsule deposits, securely packed in strong flint glass jars were placed inside. These included 150 newspapers in hermetically sealed glass tubes, lots of constitutions & ordinances& statuettes, bible, gold & silver coins from all the states” etc... “The exercises will be interspersed with daylight fire works. These fire works will be shot out of a mortar, & as they go up into the air they will so unfold as to assume the shape of persons, animals & other objects.” “Not many folks remember what Dr. Samuel M. Smith did to deserve the statue outside the Columbus Health Dept. (which has since been shuttled to various spots)- -Smith was the first person in the country to hold a professorship of INSANITY.” "Workers sprucing up the statue of Chris Columbus located at City Hall uncovered a time capsule in the base of the statue, the copper box was found beneath a heavy iron plate between Columbus' feet. They found a 1955 OSU football schedule, microfilm of court records, a VFW Membership and other stuff.” Carmen Menduni(Columbus Art Memorial) told me "we find time capsules buried beneath almost all of our statue restoration projects". I asked him what was the oddest thing he has seen included & he said Twinkies —they contain ingredients made from 5 kinds of rock. (RIP Twinkies, Hostess Co. Went bankrupt in 2012.) Dr. Goodale gave the city Goodale Park in 1851, but he didn’t get a monument till 1888. 1891: “The unveiling of the Soldiers’ Monument in Green Lawn Cemetery began with a parade to the Union depot & then a train to the cemetery. The monument is 22 feet tall, with the ubiquitous soldier on top. There is also a woman representing history & she is telling a boy the story of the war.” 1902: arch erected at Camp Chase (On Sullivant Ave.) in memory of confederate dead. ”Sweet- scented Magnolia blossoms were strewn on the graves & the band played Dixie” The 1892 Statue of Chris- topher Columbus used to be in front of the Josephinum Pontifical College, but in 1932, it was relocated to the State House. (I think out of these only the Schiller Statue had a time capsule.) Frances anticipates the ceremony “As the cornerstone was swung into place by a giant crane, Frances Boyajohn (dressed in what looks like a wispy chiffon thing) swung with it. She carried to the mayor and citizens, on her aerial trip, a civic message: assuring them that the next generation appreci- ates the starting of the Civic Center. She represented the future citizens of Columbus as caretakers.” Frances in her aerial descent
  • 40. In a 2-cubic-foot aluminum container there will be "nothing stodgy" — just contemporary 1970s artifacts & memorabilia. The time cap will be filled with dry Argon gas & a mild alkali to preserve things like a hamburger, frisbee & "bicentennial junk" — like a pair of R,W, & Blue sunglasses w/built in earrings & a liberty bell wind chime. A Ms. Lynch said:“These will represent our life in these times — making a buck on anything." (It is located beneath the floor of the A.C. Johnson Auditorium foyer.) When you go in the 11th St. O.H.I.O. gate, pass the "Presidential Grove" you will find the tombstone-like time capsule placed there in 1976 in celebration of the US bicentennial. It contains Ohio sports stuff, the usual coins & stamps, a T-shirt & Levi jeans. TIME CAPSULE VIEW WILL BE COSMIC & COMIC:“the Ohio Historical Society also made a 1976 US bicentennial time capsule to be opened @ the US tercentennial. Couldn't find time capsules or cornerstones in the Bronzeville/ King Lincoln (& later Poindex- ter Village) neighborhoods, but some of the buildings there are named for women. (1920s): The gals would meet at the Glass Slipper next to the Odeon theater on Sunday afternoons to figure out how to finance the various building projects their men were involved with. In appreciation some buildings were named for the women: The EDNA, Margarite, Bernadine & Theresa. At Port Columbus Concourse B has a mezzanine floor containing a case with 3 time capsules and other aviation history. 2 are soldered shut copper caskets & the 3rd is an aluminum tube. Apparently the time capsules commemorate virtual cornerstones. We had one of the first airports in the country. The administration building is still on 5th Ave. Saved in the 1950s from oblivion by 1 man's determination. It is a stunning structure. The aluminum tube is from 2004, marking the 75th anniversary,there is too long a list of stuff to fit here. The First Box includes items from the 1929 original terminal opening, and the dedication of the new terminal in 1958. Inside is a history of Columbus aviation, a lot plan for Port Columbus & a book titled "We" by Charles Lindbergh. From the 1958 cornerstone there is a map of the proposed outerbelt expressway. The second copper casket is for the 1981 cornerstone dedication ceremony for the airport renovation. To be opened in 50 years, it will have a complete record of the center’s history. 1992: “The Greater Colum- bus Convention Center makes a nod toward tradition by burying a time capsule in the sidewalk out front. I asked WOSU about the whereabouts of the time capsule the station put together in 1977 in honor of the 75th WOSU anniversary but no one knows where it is! An article (Dispatch 5/2/1997, 8F) says it contains station tapes & memorabilia in a Plexiglas display in the Fawcett Center's lobby. Host Boyce Lancaster said he recorded a history about the station on DAT ”digi- tal audio tape for those under 30 so who knows if it will play" he said. Citizen Journal Time Capsule 1978 The American Insur- ance Union really did it up for the laying of the cornerstone ceremony February 12, 1925. Besides the time capsule, an oblong box placed in the corner- stone, there is a bronze plaque in the lobby with the building’s horoscope showing the position of the planets for the occasion. In the oblong box, the time capsule holds articles from the older A.I.U. Building- a flag w/45 stars, the charter for AIU was issued in 1894 and an old coin dated 1818.
  • 41. 1991: “It was supposed to be an historic event. Dignitaries gathered at the Historical Society where a tinsmith was to open a tin & lead box that had been placed with much fanfare in the cornerstone of the old Central Ohio Lunatic Asylum on July 4, 1870. Finally the lid was carefully lifted off the box. EVERYONE GASPED AS THEY GAZED ON A DECAYED GLOB. “It had not been sealed properly & water had leaked in. A MAYONNAISE JAR would have worked better” it was noted. The laying of the cornerstone in 1870 was a big deal. The Ohio State Journal reported that a grand proces- sion was lead down Broad Street by Masonic Knights Templar in full costume. The Ohio Statesman provided a list of items in the tin box.” 1995: “A metal box was pried from the cornerstone of the YWCA building on 4th St. Inside the time capsule found during renovation were several Columbus newspapers dated 1928, a 48-star flag and a history of the YWCA of Columbus from its founding in 1886. The capsule also contained the will of Mary J. Griswald, whose bequest made possible the construction of the downtown facility.” 1980: “Workers insulating an old outside ice door @Joe Palmer’s house discovered a well- preserved tin can time capsule inside the door. It contained a March 21, 1935 evening Dispatch, 3 sales tax stamps & a note telling of purchasing a Westing- house Dual- Automatic Refrigera- tor. Also noted was the closing of the ‘outside icer’ door.” 1961: “Workmen dismantling the Alfred Kelley house (It was next to Memorial Hall on Broad Street.) found an old ‘time capsule’ hidden in a chimney niche. It yielded a bottle with a note that read: “Columbus. This house was bilt (sic) in the year 1835 & reparad (sic) in the year 1856 by E. H. Lank esqui (sic) & Smith H. Link, stone cutter” On the reverse it had the name of the bricklayers. The note was written on British Crownmark paper.” 2012: The Cultural Arts Center (originally the 1861 State Armory…) made a time capsule calling for small works by local artists to be opened @ the Columbus Ter- centennial. I remembered Mark Gunderson made us these hermetically sealed “Artis- tic Licenses” & I suggested we include them. (Magazine)
  • 42. 2007 FDi Magazine ranked Columbus #3 in U.S. for“Cities of the Future.” Original B&W by Louis Goodwin (Columbus Dispatch) Columbus: Americas Crossroads (1980) By Betty Garrett (with Ed Lentz) is one place you can read the letter John Deshler wrote in 1915 & placed in the cornerstone of the Deshler Hotel when the older Deshler Block was leveled. The letter is addressed "TO THE OWNER OF THIS PROPERTY WHEN THIS BOX IS OPENED" - a wonderful letter to the person who would be tearing down his hotel (Included in the box he also placed the letters his grandmother Betsy Green Deshler, an early Columbus settler, wrote to her family back east about the Columbus wilderness). John's eloquent letter (he was 62 at the time) is wise in future ruminations & it has such empathy. John died in 1929. (We visit his tombstone in Green Lawn Cemetery regularly.) His future predictions seem so much more grounded than the 1962 article featured in this book. Deshler's hotel was razed in 1969, and the new owner of the site wrote an equally eloquent letter back: "to John G. Deshler, wherever he may be." "There is no cornerstone for your letter because right now, the site your family owned for 160 years is a parking lot for auto- mobiles.... Which is as fitting to the Columbus we know today as your hotel was to the Columbus you knew." Happy Old Year. 2012 went away last night, on to the next milestone, in this case we choose 2062: PREDICTIONS SNIPPETS: Alana Shock predicts people will finally understand that tomatoes will never taste good in the winter. Given transportation costs, we will go back to seasonal availability of crops. Our luxury of transportation abuse will be much more closely monitored; I hope for the return of trains & streetcars. Maybe Canadian Geese drumsticks will be available. My (milder) anxiety concerning sun, heat & drought will worsen. I got lots of frightening dystopian predictions. My favorite is from David Holtek: "Food that when you eat it makes an advertisement play in your head!" Several people mentioned versions of the city becoming densely settled while the outer belt housing developments will become a ghost town. I asked Gary Hickman @ the sewer plant about his predictions, since grey water buildings are already happening & with the preciousness of water, a central agency will be even more neccesary. The greatest control he sees will be the laws and government controlling what can be put down the drain. (”Big Brother” puts a camera in the toilet?) Special license plates on Columbus police cars call atten- tion to sesquicentennial celebration. On November 15, 2011 we went to the 150th birthday for the statehouse. Coinciden- tally the date was also my mom’s birthday: Ruth Stary Bole turned 88!
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  • 46. MY APPROACH: I began the images after 5 months of intensive research and my discoveries. I wanted to suggest the overwhelming complexity of the history I uncovered by constructing crowded images spanning times. It would be impossible to convey such a scope in my pages, so these snippets follow the subjects that piqued my particular slant, both major and minutia alike & without rose-colored glasses. The title comes from a page in a thrift find: a 1930s–1940s Columbus Dispatch salesman course book. The graphics are stark, humorous but with a strange sense of mind control! These images were one early influence for this book. I used the word "photogenic" in the title, a word used by early photographer Henry Fox Talbot to describe images that reside somewhere between photographs and drawing/painting. All of the images you see come directly from my research. Early on, I realized I wasn’t making finished drawings, I needed to continue research all the while fleshing out the pages, & finally concocting them in the computer. Thanks computer. I know people who have spent much more time studying this place than I will find errors in my facts, I have tried to avoid this — & I might dare you to take a look at the incredible underbelly of this place. There is so much I wanted to include but have simply run out of time. For example: A page utilizing the family tree or genealogy chart image as a device for visualizing the complicated history of banks &/or newspapers in this town which include all kinds of liaisons, mergers & takeovers. I wanted to do something about our grocery stores too (maybe a Giant Eagle clawing a Big Bear). I couldn’t find the right place for this 1780s map which shows the future site of Columbus as a refugee tract — shaped something like a mini Tennessee - given to compensate Canadian sympathizers with the Americans during the Revolutionary War. 5th Avenue was the north boundary & Refugee Road - I always wondered about the origin of its name — was the southern border. From the Olentangy River it stretched 40 miles east. It seems to me, war & water have made this town. I wanted to do a page on the history on preserving the history of Columbus. For instance, in one library I could take out an 1850s book on the penitentiary for 2 weeks. In another, only pencil & paper are allowed into the room itself, and you look at one document at a time. Even the history of how collections have morphed into new systems is fascinating. I wanted to fit in a picture of the White Castle Systems building on W. Goodale St. I can’t believe I didn’t write about the Kelton House, but you should take a tour... ...is the address for this Columbus institution. I wanted to do a page about companies that have stood the test of time.
  • 47. There is no better place to go for a secluded respite from the daily day than a picnic and a stroll through the Brown Pet Cemetery, but be prepared for it to be more emotional than you thought. I have been visiting for 20 years. We had a picnic in the cemetery one hot summer day. The police kicked us out at dusk & as the cars exited the pull-around, we each had a vision of a large buck deer that had been hit by a car so recently that there was no smell wafting through our picnic on that hot summer night. The pet cemetery on Sawyer Rd. at the Columbus airport is remarkable. (Get to the post office & keep going under the runway, go right at the stop sign, you will see it on your left). It appears to be surrounded by airport lands. In fact, standing in the back of the place near the ravine, planes seem to be coming in right next to you. Looking down at the ravine & the creek below, we could see where someone had taken the vandalized monuments & made small satellite plots with the tossed out stones. Brown Pet Cemetery has so many flavors. There is a pedigree pup section, & the regimented military-style stones look the part. Then there are the many Do-It-Yourselfers utilizing inventive materials. One of my favorites now all washed away & falling apart, is for Kutia. The cat’s wooden & cement monument comes complete with a boot cleaning brush for a decoration (???). I love that the owners made a wooden birdhouse with their cat’s name on it in the pine tree near by so Kutia could continue her favorite pastime. There are the monuments emulating the human counterparts in your typical Victorian cemetery (some graves are almost 100 years old) & in general, the pain of the inscribed words to these dear pets cut to the bone.
  • 49. I want to thank Finding Time: ColumbusPublicArt2012 for this rewarding opportunity, especially Malcolm Cochran, Program Director, along with Shelly Willis, Dow Kimbrell, Diane Nance and Jennifer McNally. The fascinating, exotic and sobering discoveries of this project have given even greater depth and richness to the experience of living in Columbus, my adopted city. Thanks to all the public institutions and individuals whose help was critical in completing this book: Mary Albrecht / for Doo-Dah Parade photographs Joe Blundo / Columnist, The Columbus Dispatch Willis Brown / Bronzevillian and President, Bronzeville Association Kevin Gleich / Operator, and Anthony Kohler, Plant Manager, Dublin Road Water Treatment Plant Gary Hickman / Plant Manager, Jackson Pike Wastewater Treatment Plant Ed Lentz / Historian Father Kevin Lutz / Director, Jubilee Museum and Catholic Cultural Center Jeffrey Lyttle / Chase Bank Chris Metheney / Historic Site Manager, Ohio Statehouse Museum Jennifer Morehart / Archivist, Columbus Jewish Historical Society Doug Motz / Board President, Columbus Historical Society Fred Scruton / for the photograph of Jim Beoddy at Comfest Chris Steele / Citizens for a Better Skyline Doreen Uhas-Sauer / Columbus Landmarks Foundation Michael Wilkos / Senior Community Research and Grants Management Officer, The Columbus Foundation Christian Zacher / Professor Emeritus, Department of History, The Ohio State University Columbus Paper Postcard and Book Show Matchbook collections Chris Conti , Ann & Mark Gunderson, and MJ Bole FOR RESEARCH Columbus Metropolitan Library Librarians at the Main Library / Julie Callahan and Scott Caputo , along with Bonnie Chandler, Nancy Kangas, Russ Pollitt, and Nick Taggart at the Hilltop Branch / Cynthia Anderson Grandview Heights Public Library Ohio Historical Society Tutti Jackson, Project Curator Archive of photographs of the salvage of the Ohio Penitentiary by Jack Rosenfeld Ohioana Library State Library of Ohio The Ohio State University Archives Michelle Drobik, Curator (including the one of me wearing a merkin and asking “Is this ok?”) (especially) (especially)
  • 50. Ohio Environmental Protection Agency www.epa.state.oh.us UndergroundColumbus www.undergroundcolumbus.com Forgotten Ohio www.forgottenoh.com FOR COMMENTARY & FEEDBACK ALONG THE WAY Candace Black Malcolm Cochran Kendra Hovey Mike Rep Hummel Sherrill Massey FOR DESIGN & PRODUCTION Amy McCrory / Digital Imaging Specialist, Preservation Department, The Ohio State University Libraries, took the high quality photographs of my images. Eric Nassau / helped with many of the initial transfers. Without his careful work, I could have never completed this book in the given time. Kelly Crowe / picked up the slack when Eric and I got bogged down in production. Colin McDonald, Amanda Lake, Chris Castorano and Scott Litch / allowed me to realize what I envisioned in my head through their graphic design skills and useful input. Meredith Reuter / Graphic Designer, Base Art Co., designed the acknowledgement pages. Ann Bremner / contributed her editing expertise. Mark Kurtz and Fred Gamber / AM Lithography Corporation, executed the quality printing. & anyone I have forgotten…
  • 51. ombing Columbus: Photogenic Drawings for the Bicentennial is one of 13 projects that comprised Finding Time: ColumbusPublicArt2012, a program of temporary public art developed to dovetail with the celebration of the bicentennial of Columbus, Ohio. In this context, Time and Place became obvious organizing principles. The curatorial team encouraged artists to explore the physical and philosophical measurements of time while making the city of Columbus aware of the passing of time, the use of time, measurement of time, the chronology of a life, world time, and the notion of temporary and permanent. Place was defined as the core downtown: Spring Street to the north, Main Street to the south, COSI to the west and the Columbus Metropolitan Library to the east—a small plot at the heart of our 212-square-mile (and counting) city. Within these conceptual and physical parameters, however, we sought artists whose works represent the broad spectrum of contemporary public art in multiple forms and media. Finding Time projects ranged from the familiar—sculpture and murals—to unexpected installations, sound works, and performances in non-traditional sites that transformed the downtown into an open-air gallery. This book is one of two projects that straddle the realms of the unexpected and the familiar. The other is a project to commission 12 composers to write new works for the bells at Trinity Episcopal Church. Books and music do not readily come to mind when one thinks of public art. Yet there are centuries-old conventions of commissioning compositions and commemorative books for civic and state occasions and celebrations. And what could be more public than the soundscape within earshot of the bell tower of Trinity Church and the Columbus Metropolitan Library, one of the city’s most public institutions? Columbus artist Mary Jo Bole is not new to the world of artist books. In addition to works on particular subjects about which she is passionate, she has created limited-edition books about her home city of Cleveland and has captured her perceptions of places she has traveled such as The Netherlands and Dresden, Germany. When the Finding Time curatorial team approached her in autumn 2010 to commission a book about Columbus, she readily agreed. We knew that the result would be a wide-ranging, surprising, and unpredictable window onto the city she calls home. Bole is by nature an avid researcher, and she is a multifaceted artist. She proposed that she spend the bicentennial year ferreting out and cataloging aspects of Columbus’ past and present, making drawings and paintings based on her findings, and compiling them in a book. The public component of her project would be placing copies in all Columbus Metropolitan Library branches and making the book available at a reasonable cost. It is now January 2013, and a dummy copy of the book is spread out on my dining room table. On visits to Bole’s studio throughout the year, I’ve witnessed its development. But only now, with all 48 pages in front of me, do I fully grasp what is contained between its deceptively spare covers. The pages are dense with images and information. How to describe a work that exists on so many levels and covers so much ground? And what does it reveal about this artist’s perspective on our city? An essay in the January 5, 2013 New York Times helps me out. In “Rapturous Research,” writer Sean Pidgeon confesses: “I am addicted to looking things up.” Research rapture, he writes, is: A state of enthusiasm or exaltation arising from the exhaustive study of a topic or period of history; the delightful but dangerous condition of becoming repeatedly sidetracked in following intriguing threads of information, or constantly searching for one more elusive fact. If anyone has research rapture, it is MJ Bole. And thank goodness for us that she has this affliction. Her delight in historical facts and curiosities has driven her extensive research in libraries and archives throughout the city where she has unearthed historical images and stories of Columbus ranging from the profound and moving to the absurd and hilarious. She has picked the brains of local historians and hunted down artifacts and oddities in neighborhoods circumscribed by the I-270 outerbelt and beyond. Bole has distilled a smorgasbord of material into pages where decades and centuries overlap and mingle. Hidden treasures found off the beaten path coexist with icons of Columbus such at the Statehouse and the Leveque Tower. In some drawings, she captures little-known historical moments fixed in time; in others she lays bare the city in a sort of x-ray vision by which the Columbus of 1812, 1862, 1960, 1989, and 2012 are simultaneously present. At the heart of the book is the river that runs through the heart of the city: the Scioto, rendered as a timeline from its pristine origins to today. A recurring theme of the book is how Columbus has seen itself over the course of its 200-year history. Dear reader, you hold the results in your hands. This is anything but your conventional celebratory coffee-table tome. Between these covers lie the wonderful and the remarkable mashed-up with the long lost and dust bunnies of Ohio’s Capital City. How would you describe the volume that comes from her “combing” of Columbus? A work of graphic non-fiction and a richly illustrated history for adults and kids alike to pour over, it is Bole’s-Believe-It-Or-Not take on our city. Ultimately—and in spite of its irreverent moments—I think you’ll agree that it is a work of deep appreciation for all that is unique to Columbus past and present, with a glimpse into the future and forthcoming centennial years. In the end, it is a labor of love and a lasting gift of public art. Malcolm Cochran Program Director / Curator Finding Time: ColumbusPublicArt2012 FINDING TIME PROGRAM TEAM Shelly Willis Curator / Program Consultant Dow Kimbrell Curatorial Assistant Jennifer McNally Program Assistant Cleve Ricksecker Downtown Liaison
  • 52. Finding Time: ColumbusPublicArt2012, was made possible with the financial support, grants, in-kind gifts, volunteer time, talents, dedication, and collaborative effort of many different organizations, individuals, local businesses, and public agencies. Program organizers are deeply grateful to all who have contributed to this initiative. PRIMARY SUPPORT for Combing Columbus: Photogenic Drawings for the Bicentennial was provided by the National Endowment for the Arts, the Roy V. and Eloise F. Thomas Fund and the Robert F. Werner Fund at The Columbus Foundation, and the Greater Columbus Arts Council. FINDING TIME FINDING TIME SPONSORS NEIGHBORHOOD PARTNERSHIP GRANTS PROGRAM I took a picture of Malcolm holding Chris in a hermetically sealed container @ The Clark County Historical Society in Springfield, Ohio.