Sgt Mary Grace C Conmigo (Res) PA
-it is an art of influencing men in such a way that
will win their obedience and cooperation
achieving the common goal/mission.
Definition of Terms
1. COMMAND – is the authority of a person in the
military service, lawfully exercised over subordinates
by virtue of his rank and position.
2. MANAGEMENT – is the process of planning,
organizing, coordinating, directing, and controlling
sources such as men, money, materials and machinery
to accomplish the organizational mission.
3. LEADERSHIP TRAITS – personal qualities essential for a
commander in gaining obedience, trust, respect and
cooperation of his men in accomplishing a mission.
4. LEADERSHIP PRINCIPLES – fundamental guidelines for
the selection of appropriate action and order in the
exercise of the command.
1. Bearing – is the general appearance, carriage,
deportment and conduct of a leader.
2. Courage – is the mental quality that recognizes
fear or danger or criticisms but enables him to
face it with calmness and firmness.
3. Decisiveness – is the promptness of making a
decision in a state and forceful manner.
4. Dependability – reliability and certainty of a
performance in the execution of duty.
5. Endurance – is the physical and mental stamina
measured by the ability to withstand pain,
fatigue, stress and hardships.
6. Enthusiasm – is the display of sincere interest
and zeal in the performance of duty.
7. Initiative – taking action in the absence of
8. Integrity – is the uprightness and soundness
of moral principles.
9. Judgment – is the ability to logically weigh
facts and possible solutions to arrive at a sound
10. Justice – is the reward and punishment
according to the merits of the case in question.
11. Knowledge – keeping self abreast of current
development in his military specialty and
12. Loyalty – is the quality of faithfulness to
country, seniors, subordinates and peers.
13. Tact – is the ability to deal with others in
14. Unselfishness – is one who avoids his own
comfort and personal advancement for the
welfare of his men.
b. Be technically and tactically proficient.
c. Seek responsibility and take sense of
responsibility for your actions.
d. Make as sound and timely decision.
e. Set the example.
f. Know your men and look for their welfare.
g. Keep your men informed.
h. Develop sense of responsibility among your
i. Ensure that the task is understood,
supervised and accomplished.
j. Train your men as a team.
k. Employ your command in accordance with
THREE BASIC STYLES OF LEADERSHIP
INDICATORS OF LEADERSHIP
TECHNIQUES OF GOOD LEADERSHIP
A. Understanding your men.
1. Study the need of personal adjustment.
2. Be familiar with the principles of human
behavior that make each one of us a unique
person from the other.
3. Analyze your men objectively without
B. Aim for Military Efficiency
1. Proficiency – concentrate in increasing our
physical, mental and technical capabilities.
2. Discipline – prompt and willing obedience to
all orders both for your men and self.
3. Morale – watch your men’s state of mind and
BASIC RESPONSIBILITIES OF A LEADER
1. Accomplishment of the mission
2. Welfare of your men
Roles of a Leader
“Roles of a leader” refers to a jobs which every
leader must do, those duties which all leaders
must perform 100% of his or their time.
Six Basic Roles of a Leader:
1. Model Soldier – the model soldier maintains
pride in his appearance and conduct by:
a. Personal appearance
b. Neat and clean uniform
c. Exemplary conduct both on and off duty
d. Apply the “Golden Role”
2. As Instructor – in time of peace one of the
principal duties of a soldier is to instruct.
Methods that the leader use to develop and
improve his instructional ability are:
c. Use of training aids
3. Personnel Manager – military personnel
management is the processing of planning.
organizing, directing and supervising effectively all
personnel in such manner so as to obtain the
maximum efficient utilization of military manpower.
The mission of the personnel management is the
utilization of manpower.
4. Custodian of His Men’s Welfare – the leader
must also be concerned with his men’s needs that
are essential to their comfort and well-being, such
as adequate mess and supplies, good quarters,
recreation facilities, sanitation and equitable
5. As a Commander and Supervisor – in carrying
out this role, the leader has a number of
primary functions to perform. These functions
are reviewed here because of their importance
to the leader in the accomplishment of the
The primary functions of a leader are:
a. Receive the order
b. Make an estimate
c. Formulate a plan
d. Issue order
6. As a Counselor – the soldiers most often
meet personal or official problems which if
left unsolved cause the men’s efficiency to
deteriorate. An important duty of a leader
is to improve the moral or spiritual trait of
his men. To accomplish this, he must be a
wise adviser to them. He gives advice and
guidance to those who cannot solve their
Responsibilities of a Leader
“Responsibilities” refers to the obligation to
perform duties and functions and bear the
of activities under one’s
command. The manner in which a leader fulfills
his responsibilities is the measure of his success.
So as to be able to shoulder responsibility, a
leader must know his job and must train and
supervise his subordinates in their work.
Likewise, he demands from them responsibility
for the proper performance of their duties and
The Responsibilities of a Leader are two-fold, they are:
a. Accomplishment of his mission – the
primary duty of the leader is the
accomplishment of his assigned mission.
Everything else, even the welfare of his men,
are but subordinate.
b. Duties to his men – the next responsibility of
a leader lies in his duty to his men. It is rarely
possible to accomplish any mission without
attention to the morale and spirit of the men.
- Is the authority of an individual to impose his
will lawfully upon subordinates by virtue of his
rank and assignment.
- Command carries with it responsibility. This
means that the leader is held answerable for
all activities under his command.
Relationship Between Command and Leadership
There are two kinds of military leadership:
a. Authoritarian – recognized by the dogmatic
use of authority or power.
b. Persuasive leadership – takes into
consideration the human elements with all
its complexity and with all its differentiation
of the physical, mental, and moral
capabilities and limitations of the individual.