Overviewof onlineteachingandlearning


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  • Outside experts guest lectures online interviews podcasts
  • Ask yourself “How many times have I been in a class and not had the opportunity to speak or ask questions, only later to think of relevant questions or thoughts?”
  • Many students benefit from anonymity The online environment provides a “safe” place to learn
  • Overviewof onlineteachingandlearning

    1. 1. Online Learning Theories, Characteristics, and Considerations Curriculum Services Associates
    2. 2. Pedagogical Concepts and Theories Comparison of Traditional and Online Learning <ul><li>TRADITIONAL LEARNING </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviorist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>View of knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exists in the world outside and independent of the learner </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>View of Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>An observable change in behavior </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructional Goal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learners should respond correctly to a stimulus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>ONLINE LEARNING </li></ul><ul><li>Constructivist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>View of knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Created by the learner </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>View of Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Acquisition or reorganization of the cognitive structures in which humans process and store information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructional Goal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learners respond correctly to a stimulus </li></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Instructional Characteristics <ul><li>TRADITIONAL LEARNING </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviorist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Highly structured </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructor reinforced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition of new behavior until it becomes automatic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher-centered </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ONLINE LEARNING </li></ul><ul><li>Constructivist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Active involvement by learners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learner-centered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis on social aspect of learning, such as collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student are active learners who construct knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers are facilitators of learning – “guides on the side” </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. The Bottom Line <ul><li>“ Constructivism asserts that knowledge is constructed in the learner’s mind, not transmitted in an unchanged form from books or teachers. A teacher operating from this point of view creates a student-centered environment that helps students build upon their existing skills and knowledge, rather than simply publishing then assessing the information they think students need to know.” </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieved from “http://www.mywiseowl.com/articles/Moodle” </li></ul>
    5. 5. The Online Classroom <ul><li>Learner Focused Environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation in an active learning environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning takes place using a wide variety of sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Instructor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Classmates </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The information-rich environment of the Web </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Outside experts </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Flexible Time and Place <ul><li>Flexibility in time, place, and pace of instruction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anywhere and Anytime Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evens the playing field for rural students </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Interactive <ul><li>Student becomes an active participant in the learning process </li></ul><ul><li>Online learning encourages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discovery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experimentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple representations of knowledge </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Asynchronous <ul><li>Students have the opportunity to reflect upon class contributions </li></ul><ul><li>Questions, comments, and responses are more carefully thought out </li></ul>
    9. 9. Rich Learning Experience <ul><li>Students learn from the instructor and one another </li></ul><ul><li>Participants benefit from each other’s learning experience </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative learning among participants </li></ul><ul><li>Emergence of learning communities </li></ul>
    10. 10. Written Presentation <ul><li>All information is permanent </li></ul><ul><li>Students have a transcript for future reference </li></ul>
    11. 11. Unlimited Participation <ul><li>All students have an equal opportunity to participate </li></ul><ul><li>The shy student often blossoms in the online environment </li></ul><ul><li>A greater number of students actively participate in online discussions vs. discussions in the face-to-face environment </li></ul>
    12. 12. Considerations for Online Learning Success <ul><li>Online learning requires self-discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Online learning requires strong written communication skills </li></ul><ul><li>Online learning is technology based </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comfort level with computers, software and Internet Service Providers is important </li></ul></ul>