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Botswana Presentation Hiv

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Botswana Presentation Hiv

  1. 1. BOTSWANA  A former colony of Britain  Independence on 30th September 1966  Has had one of the fastest growing economies in the Africa
  2. 2. Botswana is the world’s largest producer of diamonds
  3. 3.  Botswana is known for the incredible beauty of its wild life  Safaris are important source of income
  4. 4.  But...this fast booming economy is being threatened by the HIV/AIDS epidemic
  5. 5. As of 2006, Botswana has the second highest rate of HIV/AIDS in the world. Almost 300,000 people are infected with the virus, 24.1% of the population!
  6. 6. • First case reported in 1985 • Botswana’s response to the epidemic can be divided into three stages:  Stage 1 (1987-1989): Eliminate the risk of transmission through blood transfusion  Pledge 25
  7. 7.  Stage 2 (1989-1997): Response was focused on information, education and communication programs  The country was bombarded with HIV messages, condom distribution boxes and AIDS awareness signs  No behavioural change observed
  8. 8.  Stage 3 (1997 – present): Response was expanded in many ways to include education, prevention and comprehensive care/providing antiretroviral treatment
  9. 9. Stage 3  Prevention - of mother-to-child transmission  Education – Target the right message to the right people  Younger generations – art festivals, TV and radio dramas, group discussions  High-risk adult populations – diamond miners, sex workers
  10. 10. Treatment – a national antiretroviral therapy program named MASA was implemented. -Goal of MASA was to provide antiretrovirals to all those in need of the medication
  11. 11.  Miss HIV Stigma Free beauty pageant
  12. 12. Summary of Stage 3 response : 1. Targeting the right people 2. Improving of blood safety 3. Prevention of mother -to-child transmission 4. National ARV therapy program
  13. 13. Why does Botswana still have the second highest HIV/AIDS rate in the world ?
  14. 14. Holy Cross Hospice
  15. 15. Programs: Home-based, Day care and Youth Programs 1. Home-based care - Medical care, psychological and social support 2. Loratong Daycare centre - Adult day care, care of Orphans and other Vulnerable Children (OVC) 3. Youth programs
  16. 16. Bibliography:  Holy Cross Hospice: http://www.holycrosshospice.org/Programmes.html  HIV and AIDS in Botswana: http://www.avert.org/aidsbotswana.htm  Health Botswana: http://ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=45822  Holy Cross Hospice:  http://www.holycrosshospice.org/index.html  Botswana Basics: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/geos/bc.html

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