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Managing children’s behaviour

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Sigmund Freud and Lev Vygotsky

Published in: Education
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Managing children’s behaviour

  1. 1. PSYCHODYNAMIC AND SOCIAL INTERACTION
  2. 2. GROUP MEMBERS •MUHAMMAD MUHAIMIN BIN HISHAM N3349350 •SITI MARYAM BINTI KAMARUZAMAN N3349312 •NURUL SYAFIQAH BINTI AZAHA N3349147 •NURHAFIZA BINTI RASHID N3349130
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION • How Psychodynamic and Social Constructivism evolved and how it can be applied in a classroom. • Links between the theory with handling children’s behaviour in educational setting.
  4. 4. PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORY
  5. 5. SIGMUND FREUD (1856-1939) • AUSTRIAN NEUROLOGIST & PSYCHIATRIST OF JEWISH ORIGIN • TO FORM FAMOUS AND CONTROVERSIAL THEORY, FREUD THINKING ON CLINICAL OBSERVATION, RESEARCH AND REFLECTIONS • THE PSYCHODYNAMIC APPROACH AS A WHOLE INCLUDES ALL THEORIES THAT WERE BASED ON SIGMUND’S IDEAS
  6. 6. FREUD’S STRUCTURE OF PERSONALITY • PERSONALITY CONSISTS OF THREE MAIN PARTS: ID EGO SUPEREGO • CALLED ICEBERG ANALOGY
  7. 7. ID • PRIMARY DRIVING FORCE IS SEXUAL INSTINCT, WHICH OPERATES IN THE UNCONSCIOUS • PLEASURE-SEEKING PART OF OUR PERSONALITY
  8. 8. EGO • BALANCES THE NEEDS OF THE ID AND SUPEREGO • PREVENTING US FROM ACTING ANTI-SOCIALLY AND HELPING US TO FIND SOCIALLY ACCEPTABLE WAYS TO SATISFY THE ID
  9. 9. SUPER EGO • MORAL COMPONENT OF PERSONALITY • THE STRUCTURE WITHIN OUR PERSONALITY WHICH CARRIES OUR CONSCIENCE, DERIVED FROM THE VALUES OF OUR PARENTS AND THE WIDER SOCIETY WITHIN WHICH WE LIVE
  10. 10. STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT ORAL BIRTH TO 1 YEAR PLEASURE CENTERS ON THE MOUTH-SUCKING, BITING, CHEWING ANAL 1 – 3 YEARS FOCUSES ON BOWEL AND BLADDER ELIMINATION PHALLIC 3 – 6 YEARS THE GENITALS ARE THE FOCUS OF STIMULATION LATENCY 6 – 12 YEARS PERIOD OF LITTLE SEXUAL ACTIVITY GENITAL 12 - ADULT MATURATION OF SEXUAL INTERESTS
  11. 11. EGO DEFENCES AND THEIR AFFECTS • SUBLIMATION - ALLOW EXPRESSION OF ID IMPULSES THROUGH BEHAVIOUR SOCIALLY ACCEPTABLE ALTERNATIVE • REPRESSION - THE WAY PEOPLE THINK ONE THINK TO ANOTHER THINK. • DISPLACEMENT - PLACE UNACCEPTABLE FEELINGS TO ANOTHER PEOPLES
  12. 12. HOW PSYCHODYNAMIC RELATE TO MANAGING BEHAVIOUR AMONG CHILDREN IN EDUCATIONAL SETTING
  13. 13. • CHILDREN HAVE 3 DIFFERENT PERSONALITIES • ID - EDUCATORS MAKE AN ACTIVITIES THAT SATISFIED THE CHILDREN EXAMPLE : IF THE CLASS IN A NOISY SITUATION, THE EDUCATORS CAN MAKE AN ACTIVITIES TO MAKE THE CHILDREN CALM DOWN. • EGO – EDUCATORS CAN GIVE THE SIMPLE INSTRUCTION TO THE CHILDREN EXAMPLE : IN ART AND CRAFT CLASS, PROVIDE THEM A PAPER OF DRAWING BLOCK AND LET THEM DRAW WHAT THEY WANT. LATER, LET THE CHILDREN SPEAK OUT THEIR IDEAS. • SUPER EGO – EDUCATORS CAN TEACH ABOUT THE MORALITY EXAMPLE : IF THE CHILDREN DO ANY MISTAKE, THE EDUCATORS SHOULD TEACH THEM MORALITY BEHAVIOUR.
  14. 14. SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVISM THEORY
  15. 15. • Lev Vygotsky was born on November 17, 1896 in Orscha, Belarus. He interested in a wide range of subjects, including the theatre and was an aspiring literary critic. • Considered a Contextualist; any separation between person and environment is superficial. • Forerunner of metacognition, cooperative learning, reciprocal teaching, & dynamic assessment. • Social Constructivist -- development cannot be separated from its social context. About Vygotsky…….
  16. 16. 3 Major Themes  Social Interaction  The More Knowledgeable Other (MKO)  Zone of Proximal Development
  17. 17. Social Interaction  Vygotsky felt social learning anticipates development. He states: “Every function in the child’s cultural development appears twice: first, on the social level, and later, on the individual level; first, between people (interpsychological) and then inside the child (intrapsychological).”  He believes that young children are curious and actively involved in their own learning and the discovery and development of new understandings.
  18. 18. Many times, a child's peers or an adult's children may be the individuals with more knowledge or experience. For example: Who would know more about the latest teen music group or what is the latest dance moves, a child or their parent? MKO refers to someone who has a better understanding or a higher ability level than the learner, with respect to a particular task, process, or concept. For example: Teachers, Other adults, Advanced students, sometimes even computers. The More Knowledgeable Other (MKO)
  19. 19. Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD)
  20. 20. Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) This is an important concept that relates to the difference between what a child can achieve independently and what a child can achieve with guidance and encouragement from a skilled partner. Vygotsky sees the ZPD as the area where the most sensitive instruction or guidance should be given, allowing the child to develop skills.
  21. 21. • An example would be reading a book with a child. • They are reading the words of the book out loud to you as you follow along. • They come across a word that in unfamiliar to them and ask for help. • Instead of directly telling them the word, show them pictures of ask them questions about what they just read. • They will figure the word out on their own and come to understand what the word means on their own. • They will later learn to do it themselves first before asking for help. Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) Cont’d
  22. 22. HOW SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVISM RELATE TO MANAGING BEHAVIOUR AMONG CHILDREN IN EDUCATION SETTING
  23. 23. HOW TO IMPLEMENT IN EDUCATIONAL SETTING TO IMPLEMENT SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVISM THEORY IN EDUCATIONAL SETTING: • USING SCAFFOLDING SCAFFOLDING IS PROVIDING SUPPORTIVE HELP WHEN A CHILD IS DEVELOPING A MENTAL FUNCTION OR LEARNING TO DO A PARTICULAR TASK. EXAMPLE:ASK THE CHILDREN TO DRAW A TREE.
  24. 24. CONCLUSION Both theories are related to the behaviour of children. Psychodynamic is the theory that structure the children’s personality.There are 3 major themes in constructivism theory. There are Social Interaction, The More Knowledgeable Other (MKO) and Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD).
  25. 25. REFERENCES • POUND LINDA (2008). HOW CHILDREN LEARN.LONDON: STEP FORWARD PUBLISHING LIMITED. P17-20.

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