  Umer Farooq Dogar B.s botany University of gujrat
Superstitions:
Definition A : A belief or practice      B : An irrational  resulting from                abject attitude of  ignorance, ...
   In other words superstitions are beliefs that may    or may not be true but they were designed to    explain things th...
   When people believe that hidden powers can bring    about changes in nature and society ,they are    superstitious.  ...
   Are superstitions real?   Are there valid reasons that they aren’t just luck?                Are they completely cra...
Lets find out!   Some common superstitions in our society are   Friday the 13th – bad luck   Itchy Palm – Good Luck   ...
   Opening an Umbrella Inside – Bad Luck   Knock Twice on Wood – Reverses Bad Luck   . Tossing Spilled Salt over your S...
Friday the 13th – bad luck one of the most common  superstitions around, many apartments and  hotels omit the 13th floor...
Itchy Palm – Good Luck Some believe that if the right palm itches, you  will meet someone new, while an itchy left palm ...
   The bottom line is, if    either of your palms    itch, do not scratch    them or you will    counter the effect –    ...
Walking under a Ladder – BadLuck Its common sense to avoid walking under an  open ladder for fear of something falling on...
   When you walk though the triangle, you are    tempting the fates.    You may also awaken spirits that live within the...
    If you do    accidentally walk    under a ladder, you    can counter the bad    luck by placing your    thumb between...
   Another method is to cross the fingers on both    hands to call upon the sign of the cross to protect    you from evil.
Breaking a Mirror – Bad Luck • Since a mirror was     thought to be a reflection of the soul,   breaking a mirror   was ha...
Finding a Horseshoe – Good Luck   Some people believe    that this is the    luckiest of all    symbols, especially if   ...
    If you find one of    these gems, pick it up    with your right hand,    spit on one end, make    a wish and toss it ...
Opening an Umbrella Inside – BadLuck   since it runs the risk of breaking valuable items.    However, there are also com...
   When the umbrella is    opened inside and out    of the way of suns    rays it offends the    sun god.
   May even signify impending death or ill fortune    for both the person who opened it and the people    who live within...
Knock Twice on Wood – ReversesBad Luck   Some cultures believed that gods lived in trees.    When one would ask for a fav...
   To say thank you    after the favour had    been granted, he    would knock lightly    one more time.
Tossing Spilled Salt over your     Shoulder – Good Luck   Salt has always been considered a valuable    substance capable...
   By tossing spilled    salt over your left    shoulder, you are    driving away the evil    spirits lurking with    the...
Black Cats – Bad Luck   This is a tough one for cat lovers to swallow, but    in the Middle Ages it was thought that witc...
   Powerful men like    Hitler and Napoleon    Bonaparte were    prepared to conquer    nations, but terrified    of a li...
Saying "God Bless You" – GoodLuck   You may think it is etiquette pure and simple,    but blessing someone after he sneez...
God bless you
   Common superstitions still have a place in    homes across the globe today   Many of us enjoy finding out the reasons...
    Whenever you toss the salt, knock on wood or    bless someone when they sneeze, you are making    the world a safer p...
   You never know when your simple action to    counter bad luck will be just the thing to make    your world and the peo...
CONCLUSION   On the whole, the west has given up lots of    harmful superstitions like the ones connected    with charms,...
   Most of the un-educated and less    educated East is in the grip of    harmfully useless superstitions.   It is high ...
   The world of science and technology is    divorced from the dream world of superstitions    that is keeping us backward.
That’s it.    ANY     QUESTION ???
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  1. 1.  Umer Farooq Dogar B.s botany University of gujrat
  2. 2. Superstitions:
  3. 3. Definition A : A belief or practice  B : An irrational resulting from abject attitude of ignorance, fear of the mind toward the unknown, trust in supernatural, nature, magic or chance, or a or God resulting false conception of from superstition causation
  4. 4.  In other words superstitions are beliefs that may or may not be true but they were designed to explain things that could not be explained Superstitions are, in fact belief in the power of magic and invisible forces
  5. 5.  When people believe that hidden powers can bring about changes in nature and society ,they are superstitious. It is strange that even in the new millennium there are superstitious, mostly found in villages and small towns
  6. 6.  Are superstitions real? Are there valid reasons that they aren’t just luck?  Are they completely crazy? Lets find out!
  7. 7. Lets find out! Some common superstitions in our society are Friday the 13th – bad luck Itchy Palm – Good Luck Walking under a Ladder – Bad Luck Breaking a Mirror – Bad Luck Finding a Horseshoe – Good Luck
  8. 8.  Opening an Umbrella Inside – Bad Luck Knock Twice on Wood – Reverses Bad Luck . Tossing Spilled Salt over your Shoulder – Good Luck Black Cats – Bad Luck Saying "God Bless You" – Good Luck
  9. 9. Friday the 13th – bad luck one of the most common superstitions around, many apartments and hotels omit the 13th floor and some airlines fly without a 13th row. Christ was crucified on a Friday.
  10. 10. Itchy Palm – Good Luck Some believe that if the right palm itches, you will meet someone new, while an itchy left palm means that money is coming. Others say that an itchy right palm means money coming in a left-handed itch foretells money going out
  11. 11.  The bottom line is, if either of your palms itch, do not scratch them or you will counter the effect – unless you scratch it on lucky wood or brass
  12. 12. Walking under a Ladder – BadLuck Its common sense to avoid walking under an open ladder for fear of something falling on you But there are superstitious reasons for doing so as well
  13. 13.  When you walk though the triangle, you are tempting the fates. You may also awaken spirits that live within the triangle (including evil spirits who may not be happy with the disturbance)
  14. 14.  If you do accidentally walk under a ladder, you can counter the bad luck by placing your thumb between your index and middle finger.
  15. 15.  Another method is to cross the fingers on both hands to call upon the sign of the cross to protect you from evil.
  16. 16. Breaking a Mirror – Bad Luck • Since a mirror was thought to be a reflection of the soul, breaking a mirror was harmful to the soul. • To counter the ill effects, you can take the mirror outside and bury it in the moonlight.
  17. 17. Finding a Horseshoe – Good Luck Some people believe that this is the luckiest of all symbols, especially if it is found with the open end pointing toward you.
  18. 18.  If you find one of these gems, pick it up with your right hand, spit on one end, make a wish and toss it over your left shoulder, leaving it where it lands
  19. 19. Opening an Umbrella Inside – BadLuck since it runs the risk of breaking valuable items. However, there are also common superstitions that prohibit this act as well. Umbrellas that shade us from the deified sun are considered magical
  20. 20.  When the umbrella is opened inside and out of the way of suns rays it offends the sun god.
  21. 21.  May even signify impending death or ill fortune for both the person who opened it and the people who live within the home.
  22. 22. Knock Twice on Wood – ReversesBad Luck Some cultures believed that gods lived in trees. When one would ask for a favour from these gods, he would lightly touch the bark of the tree.
  23. 23.  To say thank you after the favour had been granted, he would knock lightly one more time.
  24. 24. Tossing Spilled Salt over your Shoulder – Good Luck Salt has always been considered a valuable substance capable of purifying and warding off evil spirits.
  25. 25.  By tossing spilled salt over your left shoulder, you are driving away the evil spirits lurking with the intent to cause misfortune.
  26. 26. Black Cats – Bad Luck This is a tough one for cat lovers to swallow, but in the Middle Ages it was thought that witches kept black cats as companions. Some people even believed that these kitties could turn into witches after 7 years. Or we may not be able to get our aims.if a black cat crossed our way.
  27. 27.  Powerful men like Hitler and Napoleon Bonaparte were prepared to conquer nations, but terrified of a little black kitty.
  28. 28. Saying "God Bless You" – GoodLuck You may think it is etiquette pure and simple, but blessing someone after he sneezes is actually a common superstition In the 6th century, people were congratulated for sneezing because it was thought they were expelling evil spirits.
  29. 29. God bless you
  30. 30.  Common superstitions still have a place in homes across the globe today Many of us enjoy finding out the reasons behind the rituals to make sense of them.
  31. 31.  Whenever you toss the salt, knock on wood or bless someone when they sneeze, you are making the world a safer place from all the evil spirits lurking about.
  32. 32.  You never know when your simple action to counter bad luck will be just the thing to make your world and the people around you a bit happier.
  33. 33. CONCLUSION On the whole, the west has given up lots of harmful superstitions like the ones connected with charms, talismans, shrines. It is because of education and mental training of common people.
  34. 34.  Most of the un-educated and less educated East is in the grip of harmfully useless superstitions. It is high time the people woke up to the realities of life and possibilities of success that demand a scientific attitude and understanding.
  35. 35.  The world of science and technology is divorced from the dream world of superstitions that is keeping us backward.
  36. 36. That’s it. ANY QUESTION ???

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