A software system that is designed to do
keyword searches for information on
the World Wide Web.
They produce a line of results often referred
to as search engine results pages (SERPs).
The most commonly used search engines are:
Most famous and the most frequently used
Google Web site has a blinking cursor in an
edit box where you can type the word or
phrase that you are interested in.
Google Instant is a search enhancement that
shows results as you type.
One of the tools of Google that provides a
simple way to broadly search for scholarly
A bibliographic database that is meant to find
abstracts and full text articles published on
Google Scholar arose out of a discussion
between Alex Verstak and Anurag Acharya.
In 2011, Google removed Scholar from the
toolbars on its search pages.
In 2012, an individual Google Scholar page
feature was added.
“Google Scholar library” was introduced in
November 2013 where the logged-in users
can save search results.
„Group of‟ feature:
Shows the available links to journal
„Cited by‟ feature:
Provides access to abstracts of articles
that have cited the article being viewed.
„Related articles‟ feature:
Presents a list of closely related articles.
„Advanced search‟ feature:
Helps people to narrow down their
searches to find the most recent articles.
The most relevant results for the
searched keywords will be listed first.
„Ranking articles‟ feature:
Tells the ranking of the articles and the
Google's homepage and Gmail have a "More"
link on the top.
Click on the link and select "Scholar" from the
Set your “Scholar preferences”.
Use “Advanced search" option.
Choose a “Subject” area.
Click on "Search Scholar”.
It covers a wide range of academic content
areas and is continually being updated.
Full text articles are available.
Google Scholar can connect you to library
Ranks and lists search results in order of
relativity to search query.
Sources found are more academic versus
regular search engine.
Some articles require payment for full view of
Google Scholar does not state where search
result was found from.
Your results may not be current or as
comprehensive as you need.
Google Scholar has less coverage in
Humanities and more in Science and
Not compatible with EndNote citation
The increasing availability of online
information resources and open access
journals will place Google Scholar at the
fingertips of most working scholars.
Improvements in the Google Scholar system
will increase its use by those already familiar
with it and gain it new users.