WOMEN IN NEOLITHIC TIMES
Abdul wahab chawla
Poleolithic era Vs Neolithic era
Roles of women in Neolithic times
The period of human culture that began around 10,000 years
ago in the Middle East and later in other parts of the world. It is
characterized by the beginning of farming, the domestication of
animals, the development of crafts such as pottery and
weaving, and the making of polished stone tools. The Neolithic
Period is generally considered to end for any particular region
with the introduction of metalworking, writing, or other
developments of urban civilization. Also called New Stone Age.
The Neolithic Era(New Stone Age) began when humans
invented agriculture and started making tools out of matel
instead of stone.
Neolithic people learned how to farm and domestocate animals.
Domesticate means train a wild animal to be useful to humans.
Sheep were among the first animals to be domesticated by
A lot of neolithic people began living in the Fertile Crescent also
known as “Cradle of Civilization”.it was the place where the
land was fertile (good for growing plants).
They began to form villages around the fields they formed and
they learned how to make many new things
like:jewelry,pottery,bigger houses,better clothing,and stronger
They divided up the work;some people farmed,some took care
After starting agriculture Neolithic people began to focus on
making their lives comfortable and beautiful.
They began decorating their clothing,pottery,and jewelry;some
women even began wearing makeup.
Trade began during the Neolithic Era.
Trade is buying and selling/exchanging goods.
Neolithic people began to trade for things they wanted,some
people became traders.
They wanted resources they did not have.
Ife improved greatly during the Neolithic Era when people
began farming,settling down in permanent homes,and trading.
personal property and distinct culture
Pottery and painting
ROLE OF WOMEN IN NEOLITHIC ERA
Women were thought equal to men.
The women stayed at the home-front and tended the farm.
There was great emergence of female deities.
ACTIVITIES WOMEN DID:
Spinning and weaving
HOW SYSTEM CHANGED?
With the discovery of agriculture, people began to have food
surpluses that led to population growth.
Women started staying at homes rather than fields.
Men took over the charge.
Matriarchal system changed to patriarchal.
THE NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION
The Neolithic Revolution is the transformation of human
societies from being hunter-gatherer based to agriculture
The period, which occurred between 12,000 and 8,000 years
ago, brought along many profound changes to human society
RESULT OF NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION
Permanent settlements were established.
Neolithic villages continued to divide work between men and
Women's status declined as men took the lead in most areas of
these early societies.
During the Neolithic Agricultural Revolution(9000 B.C.E),people
learned to FARM! They began to grow their own crops and
settle in farmer villages.
AND THEN THERE WAS
This was a HUGE breakthrough!
People learned to FARM
How did they learn?
No one knows for sure
Food-gathering women may have noticed that seeds grew into
plants each year
Differences in soil,may have stayed near good soil and found
they could harvest crops
EFFECTS OF AGRICULTURE
Better health for humans
More free time
Growth in population
Interaction among settlement(trade,warfare,technological
No more gathers and hunters
In this period,caven stop hunting and gathering
and instead they start to cultivate and do livestock
The ceramics was an important part of this period.
NEOLITHIC ERA CIVILIZATION
The main characteristics of Neolithic era are :
Permanent installation and the extensive use of stone
THINGS GOT CIVILIZED
The things which got civilized during Neolithic era are:
Art and architecture
The Neolithic Revolution affected gender roles
because before, during the Hunting and Gathering
days, men and women were equal in that they both
shared work. After the transition from H&G to
Neolithic, women stayed indoors more to take care of
the increasing number of children they have since
they now live in one stable place, instead of
wandering around all the time during the H&G. So
women are lower than men because they don't work;
men do, and they control the food amount coming
into the villages. The woman's live changed from
matriarchy to patriarchy, because the farmwork
required more muscle which males tend to have