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  1. 1. The first gathering of the CIAM at La Sarraz, Switzerland, 1928.Congrès International d’Architecture Moderne or Congresses for International Modern Architecture1928-1959
  2. 2. CIAM “battle plan” drawn and exhibited by Le Corbusier for the meeting at La Sarraz, 1928
  3. 3. Cover of i10 containing the “Declaration of La Sarraz,”1928
  4. 4. Le Corbusier’s La Ville Radieuse or The Radiant City, 1925
  5. 5. Advertisement on back of Das Neue Frankfurt 11 (November 1929), Examples of house types shown at the secondshowing Stam’s Hellerhof settlement, Frankfurt, 1929 meeting of the CIAM in Frankfurt, 1929
  6. 6. Group photograph, CIAM 3, Brussels, 1930
  7. 7. CIAM 3, Brussels, 1930Top left and right – Rationelle Bebauungsweisenexhibition. Planning proposals for Abo Finland, by Alvar Walter Gropius, model of an eleven-story steel-Alto and for Utrecht Holland, by Gerrit Reitveld framed slab apartment building with sixty small units, from Rationelle BebauungsweisenBottom – Book cover Rationelle Bebauungsweisen,Stuttgart, 1931
  8. 8. Rationelle Bebauungsweisen exhibition. Herbert Boehm and Eugene Site plan with analytical comments fromKaufmann’s studies of building costs for two- to twelve-story building types Rationelle Bebauungsweisen, 1930
  9. 9. Le Corbusier Le CorbusierCover of Des canons, des munitions? Merci ! ‘Aerial Warfare’Des logis . . . S.V.P. 1938. Plate from La Ville Radieuse, 1935.
  10. 10. Le Corbusier‘What about Air War?”In La Ville Radieuse, 1935
  11. 11. From the Architects in Uniform Exhibition at theCanadian Centre for Architecture, 2011
  12. 12. Le Corbusier’s sketches made on board the SSLe Corbusier speaking on the SS Patris ll, CIAM 4, Patris ll – illustrating his theme of “air-sound-light”1933 developed as a lecture
  13. 13. “Organisms…Perfect entities…a function, aform..” Le Corbusier, The Radiant City
  14. 14. Le Corbusier From The Radiant City, 1933.“The highway network sketched out here will providefacilities (complete, efficient, necessary and adequate) fora city of one and a half million inhabitants. Each square ofthe network in residential areas measures 400 by 400meters.”Le Corbusier – The Radiant City, 1933, 1964
  15. 15. Le Corbusier, The Radiant City
  16. 16. Le Corbusier, The Radiant CityThe Green CityThe Redents
  17. 17. Le Corbusier, From The Radiant City; Ville Radieuse
  18. 18. Le Corbusier, SYNTHESIS:THERADIANT CITY,
  19. 19. Le Corbusier, From The Radient City
  20. 20. Proposal for Rio de Janiero, 1929
  21. 21. Le Corbusier Proposal for AlgiersAs re-published in Ville Radieuse; TheRadiant City
  22. 22. “Functional City” exhibition, Amsterdam, 1935, with Baltimore Functional City analytical plan, prepared by WilliamMuschenheim
  23. 23. Andre Lurcat, Karl-Marx School inLe Corbusier, Pierre Jeanneret and H. Breuillot, engineer, Villejuif, Paris, 1933Functional City plan for Nemours, Morocco, 1935
  24. 24. Cover of proposed CIAM volume presenting theCover of de 8 en Opbouw, a publication by the combined Dutch CIAM results of the Functionalgroups, reporting the 1935 Functional City exhibition, Amsterdam City Congress, ca. 1938
  25. 25. Left – CIAM-France, diagram of production of proposed CIAM 4 volumes, ca. 1936
  26. 26. Le Corbusier and GATCPAC, Macia plan for Barcelona,1932 F. Albini, I. Gardella, G. Minoletti, G. Pagano, G. Palanti, G. Predaval, G. Romano, “Milano Verde” (Green Milan) plan, 1937
  27. 27. Four modern housing types: Beaudoin’s and Lod’s Citede la Muette, Arne Jacobson’s Bellavista Flats, andStoronov and Kastner’s Carl Mackley Houses; from Sert,Can Our Cities Survive?
  28. 28. Original cover design by Herbert Bayer for Sert,Should Our Cities Survive?, ca. 1941. Industrial areas, means of communication, and the central city (New York), with Van tijen and Maaskant, Plaslaan Flats, Rotterdam, 1937-38; From Sert, Can Our Cities Survive?
  29. 29. Gropius and Fry, proposed slab blocks with 110 units for St. Leonard’s Hill,Windsor, England, 1937.
  30. 30. Zurich CIRPAC meeting, July 1939
  31. 31. CIAM 6 Bridgwater, EnglandSert and Wiener, center for Cidade dos Motores, Brazil, ca. 1944.
  32. 32. CIAM 7, 1949. Bergamo, ItalyTecton (subsequently Drake and Lasdun) housing,Paddington.
  33. 33. CIAM 8. Hoddeson, EnglandTheme: The Core: The Heart of the City. Walter Gropius Harvard College Yard, Cambridge
  34. 34. Below– Piazza della Signoria, FlorenceBelow – Piazza Vittorio Emanuele,Florence
  35. 35. Project for a new city neighbourhood – CIAM Group OPBOUW(Rotterdam, Holland)
  36. 36. Project for a new town centre – Le Corbusier(St. Die, France)
  37. 37. A new satellite town – CIAM Group of Morocco (Rabat Sale, Morocco)
  38. 38. A new centre for a bombed city – D.E.E. Gibson et al (Coventry, England)
  39. 39. A new recreational centre –K. Tange et al (Hiroshima, Japan)
  40. 40. Le Corbusier A replanned government centre, Bogata, Columbia)
  41. 41. MARS Grid for CIAM 8; from CIAM 8: Heart of the City (1952)
  42. 42. Advertisement for Sigfried Giedion’s, A Decade of New Architecture, 1952
  43. 43. Sven Backstrom, Lief Reinius, Rosta Housing Estate, 1946, Orebro SwedenMario Fiorention, San Basilco, Rome c. 1954
  44. 44. Alison and Peter Smithson, “Urban Reidentification” grid from CIAM 9, 1953. Aix-en-Provenance.Revision and challenge to Le Corbusier’s CIAM Grille
  45. 45. Alison and Peter Smithson, Panel from “Urban Reidentification” grid,Nigel Henderson’s photographs of Bethnal Green, East “London Street, decorated with flags and text,” from CIAM 9, 1953.End, London Aix-en-Provenance.
  46. 46. Photographs of Bethnal Green, London’s East End,Nigel Henderson
  47. 47. Alison and Peter Smithson, panel from “Urban Reidentification” grid, aerial perspective sketch of Golden Lane competition project, 1952Top – Street equivalents, deck housing, Peter Smithson, 1953Bottom – “Nehru dumping a load of hay over a balcony.” collage, AlisonSmithson, 1952
  48. 48. Smithsons, 1952Golden Lane, 1952. Section with partial elevation.P. Smithson
  49. 49. Peter Smithson explaining Denis Lasdun’s scheme (representing MARS Group) and Jaap Bakema ready to translate. Jacqueline Tyrwhitt with back to camera. Dubrovnik, 1956The Doorn Manifesto, February 1954. Doorn Holland. Team X
  50. 50. Belgiojoso, Peressutti, and Rogers, Plans for Moroccan housing showing the staggered patio(BPR) Grid panel from CIAM 9, 1953, stacking system, ATBATA Afrique, 1951-52showing two-story row-houses atCesate, Milan
  51. 51. Dubrovnik scroll. Taken by Alison and Peter Smithson as meter long gifts, printed on airmail dyelineAlison and Peter Smithson, sketch of “scales of association: fromGeddes’s Valley Section,from “Draft Framework 3” guidelines for CIAM 10, 1956. Dubrovnik.
  52. 52. Aldo Van Eyck, Grid panel from “Lost Identity” grid, “the playground and extension of the doorstep,” from CIAM 10,Dubrovnik 1956.
  53. 53. Route building serving office towers, Peter Smithson, 1959 Drawing from The Team X Primer
  54. 54. From the Team X PrimerDrawing from the Team X Primer, 1969. Sketches from the TEAM X Primer
  55. 55. Arctic City, Ralph Erskine. Sweden. Ralph Erskine, Living with the climate diagram, Sweden.
  56. 56. Ralph ErksineAbove - sketch of Tibro, SwedenRight – Cambridge proposals
  57. 57. Diagramsfrom the Appreciated unit, Street mesh in the air, basicTEAM X Alison and Peter Smithson diagram, Peter Smithson, 1951Primer
  58. 58. “At some point must be a place of maximum intensity.” Louis KahnPhiladelphia study, Louis Kahn,Wound up parking towers and a poemRight – “The architect can control systems of physicalcommunication and offer new concepts.” Louis Kahn
  59. 59. Sketches from the TEAM X PrimerDiagram, Aldo van Eyck
  60. 60. Lucio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer, low- and high-rise housing, Brasilia.
  61. 61. Opbouw (Lotte Stam-Beese, Jacob Bakema, et al.), Pendrecht district,Rotterdam, 1949-53.
  62. 62. Jaap Bakema, Diagrams, 1961
  63. 63. Bakema & Van de Broek, The Lijnbaan, Bakema & Van de Broek, The Lijnbahn, 1954. “The architecture mustRotterdam, stand between the client’s ego and society.”
  64. 64. John Voelcker, House at Arkley, Staplehurst, England, presented at CIAM ’59, Otterlo.
  65. 65. Atlier 5, Siedlung, Berne, 1961Atelier 5, Siedlung Halen, Bern Switzerland, (1955-1961)
  66. 66. Berlin Free University, ModelBerlin Free University, Candilis, Josic, Woods, 1964. of the University viewed from the south, Shadrach Woods, 1964
  67. 67. Courtyard and elevation, Berlin Free University